Duncan, British Columbia
|City of Duncan|
|— City —|
|Motto: City of Totems|
|Regional district||Cowichan Valley|
|• Governing body||Duncan City Council|
|• Mayor||Phil Kent|
|• City||2.07 km2 (0.80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• Density||2,381.7/km2 (6,169/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||115.7/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|Canadian Postal code||V9L|
|Area code(s)||250 & 778|
|Website||City of Duncan|
The community is named after William Chalmers Duncan (born 1836 in Sarnia, Ontario). He arrived in Victoria in May 1862, then in August of that year he was one of the party of a hundred settlers which Governor Douglas took to Cowichan Bay. After going off on several gold rushes, Duncan settled close to the present city of Duncan. He married in 1876, and his son Kenneth became the first mayor of Duncan. A street bears his name today.
Duncan's farm was named Alderlea, and this was the first name of the adjacent settlement. In August 1886, the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway was opened. No stop had been scheduled at Alderlea for the inaugural train bearing Sir John A. Macdonald and Robert Dunsmuir. However, at Duncan's Crossing, the level crossing nearest Alderlea, a crowd of 2,000 had assembled around a decorated arch and the train came to an unplanned halt, quite literally putting it on the map.
In the early 1900s, Duncan's Chinatown was the social centre for the Cowichan Valley's Chinese population. Chinatown was concentrated in a single block in the southwestern corner of Duncan. At its largest point, Duncan's Chinatown included six Chinese families and 30 merchants who supplied goods and services to the loggers, millworkers, cannery and mine workers in the area. The city tore the buildings down in 1969 to build a new law courts complex. Some materials from the original buildings were used at Whippletree Junction.
In the 1980s, Duncan was linked to the 1985 bombings at Narita Airport in Japan and aboard Air India Flight 182, Canada's largest murder case. Resident Inderjit Singh Reyat purchased bomb parts and a radio used to conceal a bomb at Duncan stores. Less than two weeks prior to the bombings, Reyat and suspected Air India mastermind Talwinder Singh Parmar were observed testing explosives in the woods outside of Duncan by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS).
The railway continues to cross Duncan as does the Trans-Canada Highway. The city is about 50 kilometres from both Victoria to the south and Nanaimo to the north. Although the City of Duncan has a population of just under 5000, it serves the Cowichan Valley which has a population of approximately 80,000, many of whom live in North Cowichan contiguous with Duncan. Therefore giving Duncan a much larger "greater" population than that contained within the strict city limits. People in areas of North Cowichan bordering on Duncan usually use "Duncan" as their mailing city. Duncan is the seat of the Cowichan Valley Regional District. The name "Cowichan" is an anglicization of Halkomelem Quw'utsun', which means "the warm land".
Tourist attractions 
Duncan has a large First Nations community and is the traditional home of the Cowichan Tribes, who are the largest band among the Coast Salish people. The Coast Salish men and women of the Cowichan Tribes are makers of the world famous Cowichan Sweaters.
Duncan has the world's largest ice hockey stick, officially recognised by Guinness World Records on July 14, 2008, which is on display on the side of the local (formerly known) arena- the Cowichan Community Centre. The centre is now called The 'Island Savings Centre', (in 2008 Island Savings entered into a 10 year/one million dollar naming rights agreement with the CVRD). The stick was made specifically for Expo 86 in Vancouver, and purchased by Duncan at the end of the event.
Duncan Garage Heritage Building (see photo below), beside the Phoenix Station Motor Inn in Duncan, construction started in 1912, by Robert McClay, for Norman Corefield, owner/operator of the Duncan Garage. It was completed early 1913, and appeared in Canadian Motorist Magazine (May 1913 issue) as; " The most complete and up-to-date fireproof garage on Vancouver Island". In 2002, Brant Weninger spearheaded "The Duncan Garage Restoration Project" and completely restored the Duncan Garage, creating which is now a community gathering place and focal point in Duncan. It was designated a heritage building in 2002 and added to Duncan's heritage building inventory. Other milestones for the Duncan Garage; In 1911 Norman Corefield drove the first car over the Malahat Hwy. opening up vehicle traffic to Duncan. The Duncan Garage set a provincial record for the longest operating business in one location(65 years).
According to the Köppen climate classification, Duncan has an oceanic climate (Koppen Cfb).
|Climate data for Duncan|
|Record high °C (°F)||15.0
|Average high °C (°F)||6.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−21.1
|Precipitation mm (inches)||145.3
|Source: Environment Canada|
Vancouver Island University (formerly Malaspina University-College) has a regional campus in Duncan that offers programs and courses in university transfer, access, trades and applied technology, health and human services, and career and academic preparation. The campus also has a Continuing Education department that offers certificate programs, personal and professional development courses, and online courses. A new 55,000-square-foot (5,100 m2) campus opened for classes in June 2011.
Duncan has one public secondary school, Cowichan Secondary School, as well as several elementary and middle schools. It also has one private secondary university preparatory school, Queen Margaret's School, established in 1921 which has a co-ed junior school included. There is also an independent Catholic school, Queen of Angels which continues up to Grade 9. The city is also home to Duncan Christian School. Sunrise Waldorf School and Island Oak Waldorf School serve the Cowichan Valley's Waldorf population. The head offices for School District 79 Cowichan Valley are also located in Duncan.
In 2007 the city of Duncan deemed copyright privileges of the totem poles in the city. The use of the totems images in any form require the City of Duncan's approval. 
Notable residents 
- Greg Adams former NHL player.
- Robin Bawa former NHL player
- Doug Bodger former NHL player.
- Geoff Courtnall former NHL player.
- Russ Courtnall former NHL player.
- Matt Ellison former NHL player.
- Matt Evans Canadian international Rugby union player
- Mitch Guindon former drummer for rock band Nickelback
- Mike Sweeney former soccer player (played for Canada at the 1986 World Cup).
- Al Wilson former CFL player.
- "Duncan". BC Geographical Names. http://apps.gov.bc.ca/pub/bcgnws/names/15595.html.
- From Camp to Community - Where They Came From - China
- Sikh probe took wrong turn after Duncan blast: former CSIS agent, CBC News, May 24, 2007
- World's Largest Hockey Stick & Puck, Duncan, British Columbia
- World's Largest Hockey Stick & Puck, Tourism Vancouver, Retrieved July 3, 2007
- Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 5 July 2012
- The Globe and Mail
||North Cowichan completely surrounds Halalt|
|Cowichan Valley E||Squaw-hay-one, Tsussie 6, Capital F|