Duncan v. Kahanamoku

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Duncan v. Kahanamoku
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued December 7, 1945
Decided February 25, 1946
Full case name Duncan v. Duke Kahanamoku
Citations 327 U.S. 304 (more)
66 S. Ct. 606; 90 L. Ed. 688
Holding
The trial by military tribunal, that convicted Duncan, was unconstitutional.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Black, joined by Reed, Douglas, Rutledge
Concurrence Murphy
Concurrence Stone
Dissent Burton, joined by Frankfurter
Jackson took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.

Duncan v. Kahanamoku, 327 U.S. 304 (1946), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court. It is often associated with the Japanese exclusion cases (Hirabayashi v. United States, Korematsu v. United States and Ex parte Endo) because it involved wartime curtailment of fundamental civil liberties under the aegis of military authority.[1]

While Duke Kahanamoku was a military police officer during World War II, he arrested Duncan for public intoxication. At the time, Hawaii, not yet a state, was being administered under the Hawaiian Organic Act which effectively instituted martial law on the island. Duncan was therefore tried by a military tribunal and appealed to the Supreme Court. The court ruled that trial by military tribunal was, in this case, unconstitutional.

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Text of Duncan v. Kahanamoku, 327 U.S. 304 (1946) is available from:  Findlaw  Justia