Irish North Western Railway

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Coordinates: 54°20′49″N 7°38′24″W / 54.347°N 7.640°W / 54.347; -7.640

Irish North Western Railway
Industry railway
Fate merged
Predecessors Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway
Successors Great Northern Railway (Ireland)
Founded 1862
Defunct 1876
Headquarters Dundalk, Ireland
Area served Co. Cavan, Fermanagh, Co. Londonderry, Co. Donegal, Co. Louth, Co. Monaghan, Co. Tyrone

Irish North Western Railway (INW) was an Irish gauge (5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm)) railway company in Ireland.

The stub of the line toward Enniskillen veering right with a train straight from Bray heading for Dundalk Clarke

Development[edit]

The company was founded as the Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway (D&ER) and opened the first section of its line, from Dundalk Quay Street to Castleblayney, in 1849.[1][2] In Dundalk the D&ER line crossed the Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway main line, which was completed between Drogheda and its own separate Dundalk station in the same year.

The D&ER extended westwards, reaching Ballybay in 1854,[2] Newbliss in 1855[2] and Lisbellaw in 1858.[3] In 1859 the D&ER reached Enniskillen where it connected with the Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway (L&ER).[3] The L&ER had been completed in 1854[3] but had been unprofitable, so in 1860 it leased its line in perpetuity to the D&ER.[4] This gave the D&ER a direct route between Dundalk and Londonderry Foyle Road.

In 1862 the INW opened a branch from Clones southwards to Cavan.[5] In the same year the company renamed itself the Irish North Western Railway.[6] In 1863 the Ulster Railway reached Clones where it made a junction with the INW.[7] In 1868 the Enniskillen and Bundoran Railway opened between Bundoran Junction and Bundoran,[3][8] and contracted the INW to operate its line.[6]

In 1876 the INW merged with the Northern Railway of Ireland and the Ulster Railway to form the Great Northern Railway.[6]

After merger[edit]

The GNR operated the line between Dundalk and Enniskillen until 1957, when the Government of Northern Ireland made the GNR Board close all cross-border lines except the Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway main line.[9][10] Córas Iompair Éireann continued a freight service between Dundalk and Clones for a few years, but withdrew this and closed the line in 1960.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hajducki 1974, 15.
  2. ^ a b c Hajducki 1974, map 16
  3. ^ a b c d Hajducki 1974, map 7
  4. ^ FitzGerald 1995, p. 1
  5. ^ Hajducki 1974, map 14
  6. ^ a b c Hajducki 1974, p. xiii
  7. ^ Hajducki 1974, map 15
  8. ^ Hajducki 1974, map 6
  9. ^ Baker 1972, pp. 153, 207.
  10. ^ a b Hajducki 1974, map 39

Sources[edit]