Dundee (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dundee
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlements Dundee
18321950
Number of members 1832–1868: One
1868–1950: Two
Replaced by Dundee East
Dundee West

Dundee was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1950, when it was split into Dundee East and Dundee West.

From 1832 to 1868 it elected one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post voting system, and from 1868 until its abolition for the 1950 general election it elected two MP using the bloc vote system.

Politics and history of the constituency[edit]

Winston Churchill became Member of Parliament for Dundee in a by-election of 1908 soon after losing his Manchester North West seat and retained the seat until 1922.

In 1906, the explorer Ernest Shackleton unsuccessfully ran as a candidate for the Liberal Unionist Party. [1]

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, were-

"From the Point, on the East of the Town, at which the Shore of the Firth of Tay would be cut by a straight Line to be drawn from the Tower (in Fife) of Mr. Dalgleish of Scotscraig to the Point at which the Stobsmuir Road is joined by the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington and the old Craigie Road, in a straight Line to the said Point at which the Stobsmuir Road is joined by the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington and the old Craigie Road; thence, Westward, along the old Road by Stobsmuir and Clepington to the Point called Kings Cross, at which the several Boundaries of the Parishes of Dundee, Strathmartin, and Liff meet; thence in a straight Line to a Point on the Liff Road which is distant Twelve hundred Yards (measured along the Liff Road) to the West of the Point at which the Newtyle Road leaves the same; thence in a straight Line drawn due South to the Shore of the Firth of Tay; thence along the Shore of the Firth of Tay to the Point first described."[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Party Member Party Member
1832 Whig George Kinloch 1 seat
until 1868
1833 by-election Whig Sir Henry Brooke Parnell
1841 Whig George Duncan
1857 Liberal Sir John Ogilvy
1868 Liberal George Armitstead
1873 by-election Liberal James Yeaman
1874 Liberal Edward Jenkins
1880 Liberal George Armitstead Liberal Frank Henderson
1885 Liberal Charles Carmichael Lacaita Liberal Edmund Robertson
1888 by-election Liberal Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth
1889 by-election Liberal John Leng
1906 Labour Alexander Wilkie
1908 by-election Liberal Winston Churchill
1922 Labour E. D. Morel Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour
1924 Labour Thomas Johnston
1929 Labour Michael Marcus
1931 Unionist Florence Horsbrugh Liberal Dingle Foot
1945 Labour John Strachey Labour Thomas Cook
1950 Constituency divided. See Dundee East and Dundee West

Election results[edit]

1868-1950[edit]

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

John Strachey
General Election 1945: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Fotheringham Cook 48,804 28.6
Labour Evelyn John St Loe Strachey 48,393 28.4
Liberal Dingle Mackintosh Foot 33,230 19.5
Conservative Florence Gertrude Horsbrugh 32,309 18.9
SNP Arthur Donaldson 7,775 4.56
Majority 15,163 8.9
Turnout 79.2
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Dundee (2 seats) [3]

Electorate 126,944

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Florence Gertrude Horsbrugh 50,542 26.8
Liberal Dingle Mackintosh Foot 49,632 26.4
Labour Michael Marcus 44,457 23.6
Labour R. Gibson 43,747 23.2
Majority 6,085 3.2
Majority 5,175 2.8
Turnout 84.7
Conservative hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1931: Dundee (2 seats)

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Dingle Mackintosh Foot 52,048 29.6
Conservative Florence Gertrude Horsbrugh 48,556 27.7
Labour Michael Marcus 32,573 18.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 32,229 18.3
Communist Robert J. Stewart 10,264 5.8
Majority 19,475 11.0
Majority 15,983 9.1
Turnout 84.8
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
Conservative gain from Scottish Prohibition Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

James Henderson-Stewart
General Election 1929: Dundee (2 seats)

109,126

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 50,073 29.2
Labour Michael Marcus 47,602 27.7
Liberal James Henderson-Stewart 33,890 19.8
Conservative Frederick William Wallace 33,868 19.7
Communist Robert J. Stewart 6,160 3.6
Majority 16,183 9.4
Majority 13,712 7.9
Turnout 82.5
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Dundee by-election, 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Johnston 22,973 69.2
Liberal Ernest Emil Darwin Simon 10,234 30.8
Majority 12,739 38.4
Turnout 33,207 42.4 -41.4
Labour hold Swing
E D Morel
General Election 1924: Dundee (2 seats)

Electorate 78,297

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edmund Dene Morel 32,846 26.5 +3.8
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 29,193 23.5 -1.6
Conservative Frederick William Wallace 28,118 22.7 +3.0
Liberal A R Duncan 25,566 20.6 -1.8
Communist Robert J. Stewart 8,340 6.7 -3.4
Majority 4,728 3.8
Majority 1,075 0.8
Turnout 83.8
Labour hold Swing
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Willie Gallacher
General Election 1923: Dundee (2 seats)

78,561

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 25,753 25.1 -2.5
Labour Edmund Dene Morel 23,345 22.7 -2.9
Liberal Sir John William Pratt 23,031 22.4 +16.7
Conservative Frederick William Wallace 20,253 19.7 n/a
Communist William Gallacher 10,380 10.1 +5.1
Majority 2,722 2.7
Majority 314 0.3
Turnout 72.5
Scottish Prohibition hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Robert Pilkington
General Election 1922: Dundee (2 seats)

Electorate 78,007

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 32,578 27.6 +12.5
Labour Edmund Dene Morel 30,292 25.6 -10.5
National Liberal D J MacDonald 22,244 18.8 n/a
National Liberal Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 20,466 17.3 -20.2
Liberal Robert Rivington Pilkington 6,681 5.7 n/a
Communist William Gallacher 5,906 5.0 n/a
Majority 10,334 8.8
Majority 8,048 6.8
Turnout 80.5
Scottish Prohibition gain from National Liberal Swing
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 25,788 37.5
Labour Alexander Wilkie 24,822 36.1
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 10,423 15.1
Labour James Sunney Brown 7,769 11.3
Majority 15,365 22.4
Majority 14,399 21.0
Turnout 46.6
Coalition Liberal hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
By-election July 1917: Dundee [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 7,302 78.2
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 2,036 21.8
Majority 5,266
Coalition Liberal hold Swing
General Election Dec 1910: Dundee (2 seats) [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 9,240 30.2 -3.9
Labour Alexander Wilkie 8,957 29.3 -3.6
Liberal Unionist Sir George Washington Baxter 5,685 18.6 +4.8
Conservative John Hall Seymour Lloyd 4,914 16.0 +1.6
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1,825 6.0
Liberal hold Swing
Labour hold Swing
Winston Churchill
General Election Jan 1910: Dundee (2 seats) [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 10,747 34.1
Labour Alexander Wilkie 10,365 32.9
Conservative John Hall Seymour Lloyd 4,552 14.4
Liberal Unionist James Glass 4,339 13.8
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1,512 4.8
Liberal hold Swing
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

G. H. Stuart
Dundee by-election, 1908[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 7,099 44.0
Conservative George Washington Baxter 4,370 27.1
Independent Labour George Harold Stuart 4,014 24.9
Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 655 4.1 N/A
Majority 2,709 16.8
Turnout 16,138
Liberal hold Swing
Alexander Wilkie
General Election 1906: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund Robertson 9,276 31.7 +1.5
Labour Alexander Wilkie 6,833 23.3
Liberal Henry Robson 6,122 20.9 -6.4
Liberal Unionist Ernest Shackleton 3,865 13.2 -6.8
Conservative A Duncan Smith 3,183 10.9 -9.2
Majority 5,411 18.5
Majority 711 2.4
Turnout 29,279 81.9 +12.4
Liberal hold Swing
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Edmund Robertson
General Election 1900: Dundee (2 seats) [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,777
Liberal Sir John Leng 7,650
Conservative Alexander Duncan Smith 5,181
Liberal Unionist J.E. Graham 5,152
Registered electors 18,655

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Sir John Leng
General Election 1895: Dundee (2 seats) [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,602
Liberal Sir John Leng 7,592
Liberal Unionist William Charles Smith 5,390
Conservative Edward Jenkins 4,318
Ind. Labour Party James MacDonald 1,313


General Election 1892: Dundee (2 seats) [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Leng 8,484
Liberal Edmund Robertson 8,191
Conservative William Dalgleish 5,659
Unionist William Charles Smith 5,066
Scottish Trades Councils Labour James MacDonald 354
Registered electors 18,214

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

By-election 1888: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Firth 7,856
Liberal Unionist Lieut Gen Sir Henry Daly KCB 4,217
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edmund Robertson 8,236
Liberal Charles Lacaita 8,216
Liberal Unionist Brinsley de Courcy Nixon 3,545
Liberal Unionist Lieut Gen Sir Henry Daly KCB 3,346
Majority
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Lacaita 8,261
Liberal Edmund Robertson 7,187
Conservative Alexander Hay Moncur 6,279
Conservative Edward Jenkins 5,149
Majority
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing


General Election 1880: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Armitstead 9,168
Liberal Frank Henderson 6,750
Conservative James Yeaman 4,993
Majority 4,975
Majority 1,757
Registered electors 14,566
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Yeaman 6,595
Liberal Edward Jenkins 6,048
Liberal Sir John Ogilvy 4,401
Liberal J M D Meiklejohn 2,231
Conservative J A L Gloag 573
Majority 2,194
Majority 1,647
Registered electors 17,814
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing


Dundee by-election, 1873
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Yeaman 5,297
Liberal Edward Jenkins 4,010
Liberal J F Stephens 1,086
Majority 1,287
Registered electors 16,652
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Dundee (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Armitstead 7,738
Liberal Sir John Ogilvy 7,661
Liberal J A Guthrie 3,548
Liberal H W Scott 2,085
Majority 4,190
Majority 4,113
Registered electors 14,798
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

1832-1868[edit]

General Election 1865: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir John Ogilvy
Registered electors 3,039
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1859: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir John Ogilvy
Registered electors 2,317
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1857: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir John Ogilvy 1,092
Whig George Armitstead 847
Majority 145
Registered electors 2,343
Whig hold Swing


General Election 1852: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Duncan
Registered electors 3,190
Whig hold Swing


General Election 1847: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Duncan
Registered electors 2,635
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1841: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Duncan 577
Whig J B Smith 445
Majority 132
Registered electors 2,739
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1837: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, Bt 663
Tory John Gladstone 381
Majority 282
Registered electors 2,214
Whig hold Swing
Dundee by-election, 1835
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, Bt
Registered electors
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1835: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, Bt
Registered electors 1,751
Whig hold Swing
Dundee by-election, 1833
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Sir Henry Brooke Parnell, Bt
Registered electors
Whig hold Swing
General Election 1832: Dundee
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Kinloch 852
Whig D C Guthrie 593
Majority 259
Registered electors 1,622

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morrell, Margot; Stephanie Capparell (2003). Shackleton's Way. Nicholas Brealey. p. 32. ISBN 1-85788-318-7. 
  2. ^ Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832, Schedule (M).
  3. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  4. ^ The Times, 31 July 1917
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  7. ^ "Winston Churchill heads the poll for Dundee", [[The Evening Post (New Zealand)|]], 20 January 1910
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  10. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893