The Dundee and Newtyle Railway opened in 1831 and was the first railway in the north of Scotland. It was built to carry goods from Strathmore to the port of Dundee and was chartered with an Act of Parliament that received royal assent in 26 May 1826 and opened in 1831. The railway originally ran between Dundee and Newtyle.
The line was originally 101⁄2 miles (16.9 km) long and of 4 ft 61⁄2 in (1,384 mm) rail gauge. Construction costs were obtained from a capital of £140,000 in shares and £30,000 in loans. In 1846, the railway was leased in perpetuity to the Dundee and Perth Company.
The route included three rope-worked inclined planes, with stationary steam engines to pull the trains uphill. There was a tunnel under Dundee Law.
The Dundee station was originally on Ward Road but was later extended to the harbour in 1842 and was also extended to Lochee. A small part of the original station at Newtyle still exists and the site of Ward Road station is occupied by a BTcall centre.
Halts on the original line were at the back of Law tunnel, Baldovan, Baldragon, Auchterhouse, Balbeuchly Foot, Balbeuchly Incline, Balbeuchly Top, Auchterhouse, Hatton and Newtyle. In February 1867 the line was extended to Dundee Harbour at the Earl Grey Dock. The later Lochee Deviation stopped at Ninewells Junction, Liff, Lochee West, Lochee, Fairmuir Goods and Maryfield Goods near Stobswell.
One of the steam locomotives used on the Dundee and Newtyle Railway was Earl of Airlie, a 0-2-4 built by J & C Carmichael of Dundee in 1833. This had a horizontal boiler but the cylinders were vertical and drove the front wheels through bell cranks. It was one of the earliest engines in Britain to be fitted with a bogie. Other locomotives were built by the Dundee Foundry at which James Stirling (1800–1876) was manager.
The Archives of the Dundee and Newtyle Railway Company, including its minute books and shareholder records, are held by Archives Services at the University of Dundee. The same archives also hold extensive research notes relating to the railway created by Tom Craigie.
Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN1-8526-0508-1. OCLC60251199.