Dunedin South

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For the Dunedin suburb, see South Dunedin.
Dunedin South electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881–1890, then from 1905–1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.

Population centres[edit]

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Dunedin South, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

As the name suggests, the electorate is based on the southern suburbs of Dunedin. It stretches out westwards to take in towns on the Taieri Plains such as Mosgiel, Green Island and Fairfield. The Otago Peninsula is also in the electorate.

The current Dunedin South electorate was created in 1996 as one of the original 65 MMP electorates, as a merger between St Kilda and a large part of Dunedin West. Until the 2008 election, it was enlarged at every electoral boundary review, but in the 2013 review, its boundaries were kept.[2] Middlemarch was first included in the electorate for the 2008 election; other localities include:

History[edit]

The electorate was first established for the 1881 election and abolished after three parliamentary terms in 1890, when several Dunedin electorates were amalgamated to form the City of Dunedin electorate.[3] During the nine years of its first existence, the electorate was represented by two MPs, Henry Fish (1881–1884 and 1887–1890)[4] and James Gore (1884–1887).[5]

Dunedin South was re-established after the abolition of the City of Dunedin electorate for the 1905 election.[3] The first representative was James Frederick Arnold, who was an independent liberal and who served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1908, when he successfully contested Dunedin Central.[6]

Thomas Sidey of the Liberal Party who had since a 1901 by-election represented St Kilda won the 1908 election for Dunedin South. He represented the electorate for six parliamentary terms until 1928.[7] In 1919, Tom Paul nearly won the seat for Labour, losing by only 84 votes.

Sidey was succeeded by William Burgoyne Taverner of the United Party in the 1928 election.[8] At the next election in 1931, the electorate was won by Fred Jones of the Labour Party. Jones held the electorate until 1946, when it was abolished, and successfully stood in St Kilda that year.[9]

The electorate was re-established for the 1996 election and won by Michael Cullen, who later became Finance minister. Cullen had previously represented St Kilda (1981–1996). At the next election in 1999, Cullen stood as a list candidate only and was succeeded by David Benson-Pope as the electorate MP. After three parliamentary terms, Benson-Pope was not selected by the Labour Party as their candidate, but Clare Curran was chosen instead. Curren has represented the electorate since the 2008 election.

The city of Dunedin is a New Zealand Labour Party stronghold; The last National MP elected from a Dunedin constituency was Richard Walls in 1975. However in 2011, National Party candidate, Jo Hayes, reduced the incumbent, Clare Curran's majority from 6449 in 2008[10] to 4175 in 2011,[11] and National gained a majority of the party vote in Dunedin South by 1837 votes.[11] The winning of the party vote is unprecedented in Dunedin South, which was seen, pre 2011, as a Labour Party stronghold. However the predecessor seat of St Kilda was represented by Jim Barnes of the National Party between 1951–1957.[12] In the 2014 election, Curran was successful against National's Hamish Walker.[13]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key  Independent    Liberal    United    Labour  

Election Winner
1881 election Henry Fish
1884 election James Gore
1887 election Henry Smith Fish
(Electorate abolished 1890–1905; see City of Dunedin)
1905 election James Frederick Arnold
1908 election Thomas Sidey
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election William Burgoyne Taverner
1931 election Fred Jones
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946–1996;
see Central Otago, Mornington, and St Kilda)
1996 election Michael Cullen
1999 election David Benson-Pope
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Clare Curran
2011 election
2014 election

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General election, 26 November 2011: Dunedin North[11]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Clare Curran 16,844 48.89 -3.40 12,326 34.97 -11.76
National Joanna Hayes 12,669 36.77 +2.05 14,163 40.18 +5.97
Green Shane Gallagher 3,197 9.28 +2.44 4,798 13.61 +5.64
Democrats Warren Voight 238 0.69 +0.22 126 0.36 +0.18
ACT Kimberly Hannah 215 0.62 -0.81 210 0.60 -1.51
Alliance Kay Murray 142 0.41 -0.13 58 0.16 -0.03
NZ First Randall Ratana 979 2.84 +2.84 2,522 7.15 +2.59
Restore All Things In Christ Robert Wansink 167 0.48 +0.18
Conservative   520 1.48 +1.48
United Future   186 0.53 -0.21
Legalise Cannabis   157 0.45 +0.06
Māori   107 0.30 -0.13
Mana   62 0.18 +0.18
Libertarianz   16 0.05 +0.01
Informal votes 830 318
Total Valid votes 34,451 35,569
Labour hold Majority 4,175 12.12 -5.45

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,818[14]

2008 election[edit]

General election 2008: Dunedin South[10]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Clare Curran 19,199 52.29 -4.71 17,408 46.73 -10.40
National Conway Powell 12,750 34.73 +8.00 12,742 34.20 +6.99
Green Shane Gallagher 2,511 6.84 +0.58 2,971 7.98 +2.57
ACT Colin Nicholls 528 1.44 +0.79 785 2.11 +1.36
Progressive J M McAlpine 498 1.36 -0.56 461 1.24 -0.17
United Future Pauline Moffat 264 0.72 -1.78 276 0.74 -1.73
Kiwi Philip Wescombe 261 0.71 - 144 0.39 -
Independent David Bernhardt 222 0.60 -
Alliance Kay Murray 199 0.54 +0.00 72 0.19 +0.05
Democrats Dawn McIntosh 172 0.47 - 66 0.18 +0.09
Restore All Things In Christ Robert Wansink 113 0.31 +0.05
NZ First   1,700 4.56 +0.18
Bill and Ben   209 0.56 -
Māori   160 0.43 0.21
Legalise Cannabis   144 0.39 +0.13
Family Party   58 0.16 -
Pacific   17 0.05 -
Libertarianz   15 0.04 +0.02
Workers Party   14 0.04 -
RONZ   7 0.02 +0.01
RAM   3 0.01 -
Informal votes 484 183
Total Valid votes 36,717 37,252
Labour hold Majority 6,449 17.56 -12.71


2005 election[edit]

Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party's list.

Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
Labour Green tickY David Benson-Pope 20033 57.00 20348 57.13
National Conway Powell 9393 26.73 9692 27.21
Green Peter Thomlinson 2200 6.26 1926 5.41
NZ First Alan Heward 1145 3.26 1563 4.39
United Pauline Moffat 795 2.26 879 2.47
Progressive Martin Vaughan 672 1.91 500 1.40
Destiny Brent Daglish 400 1.14 128 0.36
ACT Alan Wilden 228 0.65 266 0.75
Alliance Chris Ford 189 0.54 52 0.15
RATC Robert Wansink 91 0.26 - -
ALCP - - - 90 0.25
Māori Party - - - 77 0.22
Christian Heritage - - - 35 0.10
Democrats - - - 30 0.08
Direct Democracy - - - 8 0.02
Libertarianz - - - 8 0.02
One NZ - - - 6 0.02
99 MP - - - 4 0.01
Family Rights PP - - - 4 0.01
Republic of NZ - - - 3 0.01
informal votes 398 127
total valid votes 35146 35619
Labour hold Majority 10,640

sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

1996 election[edit]

General election 1996: Dunedin South[15][16][17]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Michael Cullen 12,829 36.37 14,253 40.24
Alliance Leah McBey 8,553 24.25 4,979 14.06
National Malcolm MacPherson 5,859 16.61 9,241 26.09
United NZ Clive Mathewson 5,058 14.34 942 2.66
NZ First Noeline McGlynn 1,782 5.05 2,929 8.27
ACT Roland Henderson 505 1.43 901 2.54
Independent Alan William McDonald 410 1.16
Progressive Greens David Beatty 215 0.61 107 0.30
Natural Law Inga Schader 58 0.16 26 0.07
Christian Coalition   1,150 3.25
Legalise Cannabis   668 1.89
McGillicuddy Serious   69 0.19
Animals First   60 0.17
Advance New Zealand 37 0.10
Green Society   19 0.05
Superannuitants & Youth   12 0.03
Mana Māori   9 0.03
Conservatives   8 0.02
Ethnic Minority Party 6 0.02
Libertarianz   4 0.01
Asia Pacific United 2 0.01
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 269 116
Total Valid votes 35,269 35,422
Labour win new seat Majority 4,276 12.12

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Dunedin South[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fred Jones 6,559 57.43
United William Burgoyne Taverner[nb 1] 2,915 25.52 -14.69
Reform D C Cameron 1,947 17.05
Majority 3,644 31.91 +31.61
Informal votes 28 0.24 -0.78
Turnout 11,449 88.78 -2.43
Registered electors 12,896

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ William Burgoyne Taverner was the official candidate for the United/Reform Coalition

1928 election[edit]

General election, 1928: Dunedin South[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
United William Burgoyne Taverner 4,462 40.21
Labour R. W. Hall 4,429 39.92
Reform Charles Todd 2,205 19.87
Majority 33 0.30
Informal votes 115 1.03
Turnout 11,211 91.21
Registered electors 12,291

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, pp. 156–157.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 109.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  10. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Dunedin South". Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "Official Count Results -- Dunedin South". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  12. ^ Eunson, Keith. "Barnes, James George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Agony and ecstasy for Dunedin party faithful". Otago Daily Times. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Dunedin South, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  18. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Prospects in Otago". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21037). 23 November 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  20. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]