Dunedin and Suburbs South
During the second session (from 7 July to 15 September 1862) of the 3rd Parliament, the Representation Act 1862 was passed. The Act stipulated that the two-member City of Dunedin electorate was to be abolished in 1863 and replaced with Dunedin and Suburbs North and Dunedin and Suburbs South. Clause 9 of the Act read:
The existing two members of the City of Dunedin shall thenceforth, as long as they retain their seats, be respectively members of the district of Dunedin and suburbs North and Dunedin and suburbs South, in manner following, that is to say, the earliest elected member shall be a member for the district of Dunedin and suburbs North, and the last elected member shall be a member for the district of Dunedin and suburbs South.
The first elected member was Thomas Dick, but he resigned from the City of Dunedin electorate during 1863, so a new election had to be held to determine the representative for Dunedin and Suburbs North. The last elected member was John Richardson, who won the second by-election during 1862 in the City of Dunedin electorate. Richardson resigned on 12 September 1862, so a writ was issued to elect a new member for the City of Dunedin electorate. This caused considerable confusion, as it was assumed that the electorate had ceased to exist, and the new Suburb electorates were to be established. Nevertheless, the returning officer went ahead as per the instructions given by Governor George Grey in the writ.
Following this discussion in the media, the election was not taken seriously. The nomination meeting in November 1862 was attended by "a selected audience of three electors, five boys, half-a-dozen diggers out of luck, one policeman and two reporters." Upon calling for nominations, the three electors had "an earnest discussion" and eventually resolved to put forward James Paterson, who was duly declared elected. Paterson was not present at the meeting, and from the media reporting, it would not appear that he was aware that he was going to be nominated.
A second member was elected to the Dunedin and Suburbs South electorate in April 1863 – William Hunter Reynolds. Both members served until the end of the term of the 3rd Parliament in January 1866.
All this happened during the time of the Central Otago Gold Rush, which led to a significant increase in Otago's population. Changes to electorates reflected this situation. During this time, the Goldfields and later Goldfields Towns electorates were established.
The electorate was abolished in 1866. At that time, the City of Dunedin electorate was re-established. The Dunedin electorates of Caversham, Port Chalmers and Roslyn were all first established in 1866. The vast majority of Dunedin and Suburbs South went to the Caversham electorate.
The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament:
|1862 by-election||James Paterson
(City of Dunedin incumbent)
|1863 supplementary election||William Hunter Reynolds|
- Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
- "Representation Act 1862".
- "Dunedin, Saturday, December 6.". Otago Daily Times (301). 6 December 1862. p. 4. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- Scholefield 1925, p. 129.
- "Otago". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle XXI (104). 3 December 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "Otago". Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle XXI (108). 17 December 1862. p. 3. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- Scholefield 1925, p. 124.
- Scholefield 1925, p. 128.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 156–163.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 35, 37.
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.