Dunfermline (horse)

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Dunfermline
Sire Royal Palace
Grandsire Ballymoss
Dam Strathcona
Damsire St. Paddy
Sex Mare
Foaled 15 April 1974
Country United Kingdom
Colour Bay
Breeder Queen Elizabeth II
Owner Queen Elizabeth II
Trainer Dick Hern
Record 12:3-3-3[1]
Major wins
Epsom Oaks (1977)
St. Leger Stakes (1977)
Honours
Timeform Top-rated Three-year-old filly (1977)[2]

Dunfermline (1974–1989), was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and Broodmare. In a career which lasted from September 1982 until October 1984, she ran ten times and won three races. In 1977, the year of her owner, Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee, she won two of the five British Classic Races. She won the Epsom Oaks against other fillies in June and in September added St. Leger Stakes, beating the double Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Alleged. She raced without winning in 1978 before she was retired to stud.

Background[edit]

Dunfermline, a "rangy" bay filly with a white star,[3] was bred by her owner Queen Elizabeth II. She was sired by the 1967 Epsom Derby winner Royal Palace who had previously had a disappointing record at stud. Her dam, Strathcona won one race and was sold by the Queen in 1976, the year before Dunfermline's greatest success. Dunfermline was sent into training with Major Dick Hern at West Ilsley in Berkshire. She was ridden in most of her races by Hern's stable jockey Willie Carson.

Racing career[edit]

1976: two-year-old season[edit]

Dunfermline ran three three times as a two-year-old in 1976. She failed to win but was placed in all of her starts. She finished second to Triple First in the May Hill Stakes at Doncaster and second again behind Miss Pinkie in the Argos Star Fillies Mile at Ascot.[4]

1977: three-year-old season[edit]

On her three-year-old debut, Dunfermline was sent to Newmarket in April to contest the Pretty Polly Stakes. She recorded her first win by beating Olwyn by four lengths in the ten furlong race. The form of Dunfermline's victory was boosted when Olwyn won the Irish 1000 Guineas in May.[4]

In the Oaks, Dunfermline started at odds of 6/1 in a field of thirteen fillies. Her task was made easier when Durtal the Cheveley Park Stakes winner was withdrawn after sustaining an injury when going to the start.[5] Dunfermline stayed on strongly in the closing stages to win by three quarters of a length from Freeze The Secret.[3] Dunfermline reappeared in August in the Yorkshire Oaks. She appeared to be unsuited by the slow pace and finished third behind the Peter Walwyn trained filly Busaca.[4]

In the St Leger at Doncaster, Dunfermline started at odds of 10/1 in a field of thirteen, with the Irish-trained colt Alleged being made odds-on favourite. Hern also entered a colt called Gregarious who acted as a pacemaker and led until half a mile from the finish. Alleged, ridden by Lester Piggott, took the lead but was soon challenged by Carson on Dunfermline. The colt and the filly pulled clear of the field in the final quarter mile with Dunfermline getting the better of a prolonged struggle to beat Alleged by one and half lengths.[6] In the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe at Longchamp in October, Dunfermline finished fourth behind Alleged.[7] Later that month, she finished third behind Rex Magna and Trillion in the Prix Royal-Oak.[4]

1978: four-year-old season[edit]

Dunfermline stayed in training as a four-year-old but failed to win in three starts. Her best performance came when she finished second to Montcontour in the Hardwicke Stakes at Royal Ascot

Assessment[edit]

Timeform gave Dunfermline a rating of 133 in 1977, making her the top-rated three-year-old filly in Europe. The rating was the third highest given to a three-year-old filly up to that time behind Coronation (135 in 1949) and Petite Etoile (134 in 1959).[4]

In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Dunfermline a "great" Oaks winner and the eleventh best filly trained in Britain and Ireland in the 20th century.[1]

Stud career[edit]

Dunfermline was retired to stud, but made no impact as a broodmare. She died in 1989.[1]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Dunfermline (GB), bay mare, 1974[8]
Sire
Royal Palace (GB)
1964
Ballymoss (GB)
1954
Mossborough Nearco
All Moonshine
Indian Call Singapore
Flittermere
Crystal Palace (GB)
1956
Solar Slipper Windsor Slipper
Solar Flower
Queen of Light Borealis
Picture Paly
Dam
Strathcona (GB)
1967
St. Paddy (GB)
1957
Aureole Hyperion
Angelola
Edie Kelly Bois Roussel
Caerlissa
Stroma (GB)
1955
Luminary Fair Trial
Luciebella
Whoa Emma Prince Chevalier
Ready (Family:12-d)[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press,. ISBN 1-901570-15-0. 
  2. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions(Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  3. ^ a b "All The Queen's Horses -". ITV News. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  5. ^ "Queen's filly scores victory in English Oaks". Windsor Star. 6 June 1977. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  6. ^ "Queen's Dunfermline wins St Leger". St. Petersburg Times. 12 September 1977. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  7. ^ "Alleged wins". Anchorage Daily News. 3 October 1977. Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  8. ^ "Dunfermline pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-07-05. 
  9. ^ "Hersey - Family 12-d". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-06-10.