|Irish: Dún Geanainn|
The south east of the town (Killyman Road, looking towards the town centre). St Patrick's Roman Catholic Chapel in the background.
Dungannon shown within Northern Ireland
|Population||15,889 (2011 Census)|
|Irish grid reference|
|- Belfast||40 miles (64 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Northern Ireland|
|UK Parliament||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
|NI Assembly||Fermanagh and South Tyrone|
Dungannon (from Irish: Dún Geanainn, meaning "Geanann's stronghold") is a medium-sized town in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is the third-largest town in the county (after Omagh and Strabane) and a population of 15,889 people was recorded in the 2011 Census. It is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Middle and the civil parish of Drumglass. In August 2006, Dungannon won Ulster in Bloom's Best Kept Town Award for the fifth time. It contains the headquarters of the Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Places of interest
- 4 Townlands
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Sport
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Dungannon's fortunes have been closely tied to that of the O'Neill dynasty which ruled most of Ulster until the seventeenth century and was the most powerful Gaelic family. Dungannon was the clan's main stronghold which made it by default the most important settlement in Gaelic Ireland. The traditional site of inauguration for 'The O'Neill', was Tullyhogue Fort, an Iron Age mound some four miles northeast of Dungannon. The clan O'Hagan were the stewards of this site for the O'Neills.The last castle was located at what is today known as Castle Hill; the location was ideal for a fort as it was one of the highest points in Tyrone, and dominated the surrounding countryside with the ability to see seven counties depending on the weather. Its location ultimately led to the British Army taking over the site for a security installation during The Troubles, only being returned to the local council in August 2007.
This castle was burned in 1602 by Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone as the English forces closed in on the Gaelic lords towards the end of the Nine Years' War. In 1607, ninety-nine Irish chieftains and their followers, including Hugh O'Neill, set sail from Rathmullan, Co. Donegal, bound for the continent. What followed became known as the Plantation of Ulster and the town and its castle were granted to Sir Arthur Chichester, the architect of the Plantation.
After the O'Neills
Dungannon remained the county seat of County Tyrone after the Plantation, but High Court judges who travelled to Dungannon to the courthouse were attacked in the village of Cappagh and the county town was then moved to Omagh. In 1973, the town became the seat of the new district of Dungannon.
- On 24 August 1968, the Campaign for Social Justice (CSJ), the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA), and other groups, held the first civil rights march in Northern Ireland from Coalisland to Dungannon. The rally was officially banned, but took place and passed off without incident. The publicity surrounding the march encouraged other protesting groups to form branches of NICRA.
- Dungannon was one corner of the infamous murder triangle during the Troubles. For more information see The Troubles in Dungannon, which includes a list of incidents in Dungannon during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.
19th century population
21st century population
Dungannon Co Tyrone Northern Ireland UK Census 2011
Dungannon was classified as a Large Town by the Northern Ireland's Research Agency with a population of 15,889 on Census Day 2011
Places of interest
An interesting feature of the town is the former police barracks at the top right-hand corner of the market square which is quite unlike any other barracks of a similar vintage in Ireland. A popular but apocryphal story relates that the unusual design of this building is due to a mix-up with the plans in Dublin which meant Dungannon got a station designed for the Nepal and they got a standard Irish barracks, complete with a traditional Irish fireplace. Dungannon Park is a seventy acre oasis centred round an idyllic still-water lake, with miles of pathways and views of the surrounding townland.
Dungannon sprang up in a townland called Drumcoo, within the parish of Drumglass. Over time, the urban area has spread into the neighbouring townlands. Many of its roads and housing estates are named after them.
- Drumcoo (likely from Irish: Druim Cuaiche, meaning "ridge of the cuckoo")
- Drumharriff (from Druim Thairbh meaning "ridge of the bull")
- Gortmerron (from Gort Mearain meaning "Merron's field")
- Killymaddy (from Coill na Madaí meaning "wood of the dogs")
- Lisnaclin (from Lios na Clinge meaning "ringfort of the bell chime")
- Lisnahull (from Lios na hOlna meaning "ringfort of the wool")
- Lurgaboy (from Lurga Buí meaning "long yellow hill")
- Mullaghadun (from Mullach a' Dúin meaning "hilltop of the stronghold")
- Mullaghannagh (from Mullach Eanach meaning "marshy hilltop")
- Mullaghconnor (from Mullach Chonchobhair meaning "Conchobhair's hilltop")
- Mullaghmore (from Mullach Mór meaning "big hilltop")
The economy of Dungannon has evolved from agriculture and linen production dominating the landscape to food and light engineering being the main industrial employers.
- Aughamullan Primary School
- Bush Primary School
- Clintyclay Primary School
- Derrylatinee Primary School
- Donaghey Primary School
- Dungannon Primary School
- Killyman Primary School
- Lisfearty Primary School
- Newmills Primary School
- St. Mary's Primary School
- St. Patrick's Primary School
- Tamnamore Primary School
- Tullyroan Primary School
- Walker Memorial Primary School
- Windmill Integrated Primary School
- Royal School Dungannon
- Integrated College Dungannon
- St Patrick's Academy, Dungannon
- St Patrick's College, Dungannon
- Drumglass High School
The Irish gauge 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) Portadown, Dungannon and Omagh Junction Railway (PD&O) linked the town with Portadown from 1858 and Omagh from 1861, completing the Portadown – Derry railway route that came to be informally called "The Derry Road". The Great Northern Railway took over the PD&O in 1876 and built a branch line from Dungannon to Cookstown in 1879.
The GNR Board cut back the Cookstown branch to Coalisland in 1956 and the Ulster Transport Authority (UTA) closed the branch altogether in 1959. In accordance with the Benson Report submitted to the Government of Northern Ireland 1963 the UTA closed the "Derry Road" through Dungannon in 1965. The site of Dungannon station is now a public park and the former trackbed through the station is now a greenway.
One of Dungannon's most famous sons is Thomas J. Clarke (although he was actually born on the Isle of Wight), the first signatory of the 1916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic (Poblacht na hÉireann). Clarke was a key figure in the 1916 Easter Rising and was executed by the British authorities on 3 May 1916, aged 59, for his role in the Rising. The Dungannon GAA club is named after him.
Richard Dowse (1824–1890) judge, politician and famous wit, was born in Dungannon.
Dungannon is the birthplace of professional golfer Darren Clarke, motorcycle racer Ryan Farquhar, artist Victor Sloan, snooker player Patrick Wallace, TV presenters Adrian Logan, Joanne Salley, and rally driver Kris Meeke.
Dungannon is also the birthplace of actor Birdy Sweeney, who appeared in numerous television programmes and motion pictures.
Professor Séamus MacMathúna (Celtic scholar) and Professor P G (Gerry) McKenna (Biomedical Scientist, former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster and founder of Universities Ireland) are two distinguished academics who attended St. Patrick's Academy and were elected Members of the Royal Irish Academy (Ireland's most senior ranking academic body).
Thomas Wilson Spence, Wisconsin lawyer and legislator, was born in Dungannon.
Margaret Noble, otherwise known as Sister Nivedita has to this day a huge influence on the people of India and was largely an important figure in their struggle for independence as well as bringing her dedication through education, native art and national culture for the Indian people, was born in the town.
Actor and singer Fra Fee was born in Dungannon.
Dungannon Cricket Club is the oldest sporting club in Dungannon dating back to at least 1865. This was again due to the influence of the Royal School who were playing in 1861 and probably earlier. The club played continuously through to 1914 with a break from 1901 to 1904 when Lord Ranfurly was Governor of New Zealand and there was no ground available until his return. The club became affiliated to the NCU in 1913 and played in the Junior Cup in 1913 and 1914 until the club was discontinued during the Great War. Attempts were made to reestablish the club after the war and this was done in 1929 and survived until 1933 when Lord Ranfurly died to again leave the club without a ground. Cricket was kept alive by the Royal School, Bankers and the RUC until 1939 when the Second World War broke out. The club was reformed in 1948 mainly due to the efforts of Eddie Hodgett and the NCU leagues in 1952 and continues to do so to the present time. The club has never quite reached senior cricket as it has limited resources and relies on the District Council for a ground. The club has played on at least five different locations during its existence. Home games are played at Dungannon Park.
Dungannon was one of the first towns in Ireland to form a rugby club, probably due to the Royal School. Dungannon Rugby FC's most recent success was sharing the Ulster Senior League title with Ballymena. They were also the first Ulster club to win the All Ireland League. At least one player from Dungannon is listed in the first ever Irish side. The rugby club was founded in 1873, was the sixth club in Ireland and a founder member of the IRFU. Despite being a rugby union club since inception its official title is Dungannon Football Club. This was in common with other clubs, such as the now defunct North of Ireland club from Belfast, who were founded prior to the formal division of the different styles of football into Association (soccer) and rugby. The town also has connections to New Zealand rugby. The Earl of Ranfurly presented the Ranfurly Shield to the NZRFU.
The town has also achieved much success in Gaelic games, Gaelic football and hurling. Dungannon has produced many footballers, especially for the Tyrone County Team, who won the All-Ireland Gaelic Football Championship in 2003, 2005 and 2008, in particular, Gerard Cavlan and Thomas "Tommy C" Colton. The local Gaelic Football club is Dungannon Thomas Clarkes (Thomáis Uí Chléirigh Dún Geanainn)and the local Hurling club is Eoghan Ruadh Dungannon(Cumann Iomanaiocht Eoghan Ruadh Dún Geanainn),the reigning tyrone senior hurling champions.
Dungannon Swifts F.C. is the town's local team, which plays in the IFA Premiership, and is Tyrone's only representative in the league, following Omagh Town's collapse. The club represented Northern Ireland in European competition in 2005–06 and 2006-06.
PGA Tour golfer Darren Clarke grew up in Dungannon, and was a member of Dungannon Golf Club. The club is one of the oldest 18-hole courses in Northern Ireland, being founded in 1890. Six new greens were recently designed by Patrick Merrigan.
Hare Coursing and Greyhound Racing
The local Hare Coursing Club has been in existence since the 1920s but the sport was popular in the area long before the formation of the club. With Hare Coursing currently suspended in Northern Ireland the Dungannon club organises meetings in the Republic of Ireland. Greyhound racing was a popular sport in Dungannon from the 1940s until the Oaks Park Greyhound Stadium finally closed in January 2003. Large crowds attended the weekly meetings on Wednesdays and Fridays with visitors travelling from as far away as Coalisland to enjoy the races.
- O'Neill dynasty
- Tullyhogue Fort
- Abbeys and priories in Northern Ireland (County Tyrone)
- Ballysaggart Lough
- List of towns in Northern Ireland
- List of villages in Northern Ireland
- Rathgannon is the translation used by Dungannon and South Tyrone Borough Council. Dungannon, as in English, is also used by the North/South Ministerial Council.
- Placenames Database of Ireland
- "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Belfast Telegraph, 19 October 2007
- 'Dungannon' from Britannica 2001 Deluxe Edition CD-ROM, 1999–2000.
- "A Chronology of the Conflict – 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Retrieved 11 July 2009.
- "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- Discover Northern Ireland – Dungannon Park
- Dungannon Park – Tourist attraction in Dungannon district
- "Northern Ireland Placenames Project". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "OSI Dungannon". Ordnance Survey Ireland. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- Timetable: Dungannon, Square – Dungannon. Translink
- Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 8. ISBN 0-7153-5167-2.
- FitzGerald, J.D. (1995). The Derry Road. Colourpoint Transport. Gortrush: Colourpoint Press. ISBN 1-898392-09-9.
- Hajducki, op. cit., page xiii
- Hajducki, op. cit., map 39
- Baker, Michael H.C. (1972). Irish Railways since 1916. London: Ian Allan. pp. 155, 209. ISBN 0711002827.
- Kris Meeke profile
- Dungannon Cricket Online
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