Dunning, Chicago

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Dunning
Community area
Community Area 17 - Dunning
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°57′N 87°48.6′W / 41.950°N 87.8100°W / 41.950; -87.8100Coordinates: 41°57′N 87°48.6′W / 41.950°N 87.8100°W / 41.950; -87.8100
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 3.75 sq mi (9.71 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 41,932
 • Density 11,000/sq mi (4,300/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White 70.38%
 • Black 0.73%
 • Hispanic 23.84%
 • Asian 3.78%
 • Other 1.26%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes parts of 60634, 60635, 60707
Median household income $61,584[2]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Dunning is one of 77 officially designated community areas of the city of Chicago, Illinois. Dunning also is a neighborhood located on the Northwest Side of the city.

The neighborhood is home to the Eli's Cheesecake factory.[3]

It is also the location of the Chicago-Read Mental Health Center, formerly known as Cook County Insane Asylum and commonly referred to, in its day, as simply "Dunning."[4]

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

In 1851 this remote prairie location seemed ideal for Cook County's plans to erect a poor farm and asylum for the insane. The county purchased from Peter Ludby 160 acres hemmed in by Irving Park Road and Narragansett, Montrose, and Oak Park Avenues. Both facilities were housed in a three-story building situated atop a ridge.

Residents of the poor farm lived with their families growing vegetables, washing their clothes, and attending school on the premises. After 1863 the institution also admitted tuberculosis patients. The county built a separate building for the insane asylum in 1870. The construction of two more buildings in the 1880s added enough space to accommodate the more than 1,000 patients.

Following the Civil War, Andrew Dunning purchased 120 acres just south of the county property to start a nursery and lay the groundwork for a village. He set aside 40 acres for the settlement, but proximity to the insane hospital kept settlers away.

Initially transportation links were poor. Although trains brought employees and commuters from the city, visitors had to walk two and a half miles from the depot to the county farm. After a single three-mile track was extended to the facilities in 1882, the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul “crazy train” brought patients, supplies, and medicines. The county built a station, naming it for Dunning.

Elm Tree Grove, 1908 In the 1880s and 1890s Dunning's rolling landscape remained sparsely settled. The Scandinavian Lutheran Cemetery Association bought 65 acres south of Dunning's property in 1886 which became Mount Olive Cemetery. Jewish families purchased 40 acres between the Scandinavian cemetery and Addison for burials.

Around the turn of the century Henry Kolze inherited a tavern and wooded acreage at Narragansett and Irving Park which he turned into a picnic grove. The idyllic scenery enticed visitors, as did the tavern. With the advent of the Irving Park Boulevard street railway, clubs, churches, and companies held picnics in the grove.

The infirmary, poorhouse, and asylum eventually became overcrowded. Minimal heat in winter, no hot water, and poor ventilation contributed to the deaths of many patients and inmates. In 1886 an official investigation found misconduct, gambling, patient abuse, and “influence” in the hiring of medical personnel. After 1910 the poor farm was moved to Oak Forest, and two years later the state bought the mental hospital and property for one dollar. Although it was called the Chicago State Hospital, many continued to refer to the institution simply as Dunning.

Residential development[edit]

Outside the state facility, the population had grown to only 1,305 by 1909. In 1916 the first housing boom occurred when Schorsch Brothers Real Estate bought a tract west of Austin and south of Irving Park. They called the area West Portage Park to remove the stigma of association with Dunning.

Following World War I the population rose to 4,019, with residents primarily of Swedish, German, and Polish descent. In 1934 Wright Junior College was built in the eastern portion. At its peak in 1970 population reached 43,856 but fell to 36,957 by 1990. The State Hospital property stood in shambles and in the 1970s nearly half the buildings were razed. In that year, the Chicago-Read Mental Health Center was established, incorporating the old hospitals.

Present[edit]

Dunning currently borders Norridge,IL as well as Elmwood Park, IL. Still considered within city limits. A top elementary school in the neighborhood would be Canty Elementary. Neighborhood is filled with many city workers, including police officers and firefighters. The area is close to a mall called the Harlem Irving Plaza and residents have many restaurants to choose from. The area is highly underrated and many urban dwellers do not even know the area exists. Very family oriented area and it is quite diverse as well.

Dunning moved toward a revival of institutional, commercial, and residential growth in the 1980s and 1990s. The neighborhoods of Schorsch Village, Belmont Heights, Belmont Terrace, and Irving Woods became more desirable. On Narragansett, north of Irving Park, Ridgemoor Estates boasted luxury homes near a golf club. New modern facilities were present at Chicago-Read Mental Health Center. Wright Junior College expanded with futuristic-style buildings and a learning resource center at Narragansett and Montrose. By 2000 the population had grown again, to 42,164. 1 in 3 people in Dunning is of Polish descent — the highest rate of any ethnic group in any Chicago neighborhood, according to the 2010 US Census [5]

Dunning (CA 17) Year Total (and by category) Foreign Born Native with foreign parentage Males per 100 females 1930 19,659 23.3% 42.3% 107

   19,648  White (99.9%)                    
        3       African American (0.0%)                          
        8       Other (0.0%)                     

1960 41,626 14.5% 33.8% 96

   41,560  White (99.8%)                    
        2       African American (0.0%)                          
        64      Other races (0.2%)                       

1990 36,957 19.6% — 92

   35,360  White (95.7%)                    
        157     African American (0.4%)                          
        98      American Indian (0.3%)                   
        861     Asian/Pacific Islander (2.3%)                    
        481     Other race (1.3%)                        
        1,882   Hispanic Origin* (5.1%)                          

2000 42,164 34.5% — 93

   37,439  White alone (88.8%)                      
        265     Black or African American alone (0.6%)                   
        69      American Indian and Alaska Native alone (0.2%)                   
        1,361   Asian alone (3.2%)                       
        19      Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone (0.0%)                          
        2,019   Some other race alone (4.8%)                     
        992     Two or more races (2.4%)                         
        5,441   Hispanic or Latino* (12.9%)                     

Marilyn Elizabeth Perry

Bibliography Johnson, Charles B. Growth of Cook County, vol. 1. 1960. Ryan, David Joseph. “The Development of Portage Park from the Earliest Period to the 1920s.” Senior History Seminar, Northwestern University. May 24, 1974. State Commissioners of Public Charities. Special Report of an Investigation of the Management of the Cook County Hospital for the Insane. 1886.

The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago © 2005 Chicago Historical Society. The Encyclopedia of Chicago © 2004 The Newberry Library. All Rights Reserved. Portions are copyrighted by other institutions and individuals. Additional information on copyright and permissions.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Collins, Arnold. "Let them eat Cheesecake, Dunning". Chicago Sun-Times. September 7, 2007. S1.
  4. ^ Duis, Perry (July 1, 1998), Challenging Chicago: coping with everyday life, 1837-1920, Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, p. 328, ISBN 978-0-252-02394-1 
  5. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2012-05-17/news/ct-met-nato-ethnic-enclaves-poles-in-dunning-20120517_1_polish-national-alliance-polish-businesses-waves-of-polish-immigration

External links[edit]