Joseph Dunninger

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Joseph Dunninger
Dunninger.jpg
Joseph Dunninger, "The Master Mind of Modern Mystery"
Born (1892-04-28)April 28, 1892
New York City, New York
Died March 9, 1975(1975-03-09) (aged 82)
Cliffside Park, New Jersey
Occupation magician, escapologist, mentalist.

Joseph Dunninger (April 28, 1892 – March 9, 1975), known as "The Amazing Dunninger", was one of the most famous and proficient mentalists of all time. He was one of the pioneer performers of magic on radio and television.

Biography[edit]

Dunninger was born in New York City. He headlined throughout the Keith-Orpheum Circuit, and was much in demand for private entertainment. At the age of seventeen he was invited to perform at the home of Theodore Roosevelt in Oyster Bay and at the home of the inventor Thomas A. Edison, both of whom were avid admirers of his mysticism.

Dunninger was a debunker of fraudulent mediums. He claimed to replicate through trickery all spiritualist phenomena.[1] He wrote the book Inside the Medium's Cabinet (1935) which exposed the tricks of mediumship. He also exposed how the indian rope trick could be performed by camera trickery.[2]

Dunninger had a standing offer of $10,000 to anyone who could prove that he used confederates or "stooges." He often said he could raise that offer to $100,000. Through Scientific American magazine and the Universal Council for Psychic Research, Dunninger made this offer to any medium who could produce by psychic or supernatural means any physical phenomena that he could not reproduce by natural means.[3]

He was a good friend to many notables in the magic community including Harry Houdini, Francis Martinka and The Shadow author Walter B. Gibson. He is said to have been a model for The Shadow.

Dunninger appeared on radio starting in 1943, and on television frequently in the 1950s and 60s. During the 1950s and 1960s his name was used as the basis for two recurring comedic characters, "The Amazing Dillinger" played by Johnny Carson on The Johnny Carson Show in 1955; and "Gunninger the Mentalist" on a television show hosted by the comedian Soupy Sales.

He died of Parkinson's Disease at his home in Cliffside Park, New Jersey.[4][5]

Quotes[edit]

"My magical ability and digital dexterity, I mastered only after tireless practice and acute observation, finding that I have rather an uncanny mind for developing and solving mechanics of the craft. I have made the word 'originality' a foundation for my magical doings." (Dunninger— An Autobiography)
"There is one primary rule in the fakery of spirit mediumship. That is to concentrate upon persons who have suffered a bereavement."[6]

Works[edit]

Dunninger self-published many of his works, and others were published by inventor Hugo Gernsback. He also wrote articles in Science and Invention, Mechanix Illustrated, Popular Mechanics, Fate, Atlantic Monthly, and other magazines. Many of these articles were ghostwritten by Walter Gibson.

  • Dunninger's Tricks De Luxe (1918)
  • Dunninger's Tricks Unique (1918)
  • Dunninger's Master Methods of Hypnotism (1923)
  • Popular Magic (1926)
  • Universal Second Sight Mysteries (1927)
  • Houdini's Spirit Exposes and Dunninger's Psychical Investigations (1928)
  • Popular Magic Vol. II (1929)
  • Popular Magic and Card Tricks (1929)
  • Dunninger on Hypnotism (1930's)
  • Inside the Medium's Cabinet (1935)
  • How to Make a Ghost Walk (1936)
  • What's On Your Mind (1944)
  • 100 Houdini Tricks You Can Do (1954)
  • The Art of Thought Reading (1956)
  • Magic and Mystery: The Incredible Psychic Investigations of Houdini and Dunninger (1967)
  • Dunninger's Complete Encyclopedia of Magic (1967)
  • Dunninger's Secrets as told to Walter Gibson (1974)
  • Dunninger's Monument to Magic (1974)
  • Dunninger's Book of Magic (1979)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nevill Drury. (2004). The Dictionary of the Esoteric: Over 3000 Entries on the Mystical and Occult. Watkins Publishing. p. 81. ISBN 978-1842931080
  2. ^ Life Magazine. (1941). India's Rope Trick is Faked in Pictures. 16 June. pp. 80-81
  3. ^ The Skeptical Inquirer. (2002). Volume 26. Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. p. 38
  4. ^ Staff. "Milestones, Mar. 24, 1975", Time (magazine), March 24, 1975, accessed March 22, 2011. "Died. Joseph Dunninger, 82, magician and mentalist; of Parkinson's disease; in Cliffside Park, N.J."
  5. ^ Staff. "DUNNINGER DIES; MAGICIAN WAS 82; Billed Himself as 'Master Mind of Mental Mystery'", The New York Times, March 10, 1975. Accessed March 22, 2011. "Joseph Dunninger, who mystified millions as a magician and mind-reader for more than half a century, died yesterday of Parkinson's disease at his home in Cliffside Park, N.J."
  6. ^ William Kalush, Larry Sloman. (2007). The Secret Life of Houdini: The Making of America's First Superhero. Atria Books. p. 544. ISBN 978-0743272087

External links[edit]