Dunwich // is a small town on the western side of North Stradbroke Island in the Australian state of Queensland. The town is part of the Redland City local government area, based on the mainland in the Brisbane bayside suburb of Cleveland. Dunwich is one of three towns on North Stradbroke Island - the others being Amity Point and Point Lookout. At the 2006 census, Dunwich had a population of 804.
The first settlement at Dunwich was established in 1827 as pilot station and military post. It was supposed to be a good place to discharge cargo from visiting ships that traveled through the South Passage. However cargo was lost in bad weather and local aborigines were hostile so the post was disbanded in 1831. Dunwich was named by Sir Ralph Darling on 16 July 1827, in honour of the family title (Viscount Dunwich) of the Earl of Stradbroke, father of Captain Henry John Rous RN, commander of HMS Rainbow, which carried Governor Darling to Moreton Bay and surveyed the immediate Dunwich area.
The settlement also acted as a leper colony before this facility was moved to nearby Peel Island. A quarantine station opened in 1850, although this was eventually moved to the more isolated St Helena Island in Moreton Bay. The station was converted into a nursing home for the elderly and infirmed, one of Queensland's first such facilities. The home was moved to Sandgate in 1946. The main cemetery on the island is found in this small town and contains the graves of over 10 000 people, most of which are unmarked. Other small cemeteries were established for the indigenous community and the leper colony.
Some of the remaining buildings from the Stradbroke Island Benevolent Asylum now form part of the North Stradbroke Island Historical Museum, located in Welsby Street, Dunwich. A convict built causeway also remains, although it has been expanded to accommodate modern ships.
In the 2011 Census the population of Dunwich is 883, 48.1% female and 51.9% male.
The median/average age of the Dunwich population is 39 years of age, 2 years above the Australian average.
86.2% of people living in Dunwich were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 3.8%, England 2.4%, India 0.7%, France 0.6%, Germany 0.6%.
90.8% of people speak English as their first language 0.6% Indonesian, 0.5% Other Australian Indigenous Languages, nec, 0.5% German, 0.5% Yumplatok (Torres Strait Creole).
Dunwich has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Bingle Road: Dunwich Cemetery
- Junner Street: Dunwich Convict Causeway
- Junner Street: Public Reserve incorporating the Privy Pit and Site of Convict Barracks and Store
- Junner Street: St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Dunwich (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarang Publications. p. 23. ISBN 0-908175-41-8.
- "Place name details - Dunwich". Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- "Dunwich Cemetery (entry 15548)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- "Dunwich Convict Causeway (entry 15796)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- "Public Reserve incorporating the Privy Pit and Site of Convict Barracks and Store (entry 16875)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- "St Mark's Anglican Church and Dunwich Public Hall (entry 15930)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
- Redlands Tourism
- North Stradbroke Island page
- State Library of Qld image of Stradbroke Island Benevolent Asylum ca. 1885