Durand Cup

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Durand Cup
Founded 1888
Region  India
Number of teams Unknown
Current champions Mohammedan Sporting Club
2013

The Durand Football Tournament is a football competition in India which has a history dating back to 1888.

The Tournament is named after its founder, Sir Mortimer Durand, British India's Foreign Member of the time, the counterpart of the Foreign Secretary in London. Sir Mortimer was recuperating from illness at the leading hill station of British India, Simla in northern India. Having become conscious of the value of sport as a means to maintain health, he decided to present a prize to encourage sporting competition in India. At first it was effectively an Army cup, and largely the preserve of the British troops in India, but over the years it widened its appeal and opened up to civilian teams, until it became a more open and conventional sporting contest. It is now one of the leading prizes in Indian football. The final major administrative change was when the Army passed on the actual running of the Tournament to a civilian administration in 2006. The Army presence is maintained by the participation of several military teams, including an Army XI, which won the competition as recently as 2005.

The Raj Era[edit]

The Durand Tournament was initially a military affair, open to the Army in India: the British Army, the regular Indian Army and other Indian military units, such as Provincial frontier-security regiments and the Volunteer regiments of the reserves. In practice, however, the Indian Army traditionally preferred field hockey to football, a fact which has been evident from the Indian and Pakistani dominance of that sport in international events such as the Olympics. The exception to this tradition were the Nepalese men of the Brigade of Gurkhas. Initially, this tended to leave the field open to the British Army until football's popularity took hold and it became the more universal sport it is today. After the Second World War, the British Army left India and the tournament was opened to non-military teams to maintain the level of competition.

The initial matches were played in Dagshai, which is actually a short distance outside Simla. The inaugural Final of the Tournament, in 1888, was a Scottish derby, with the first name on the trophy being the Royal Scots Fusiliers, who beat the Highland Light Infantry with a score of 2-1. The Durand Cup has been suspended twice, due to the two World Wars.

Post-Independence[edit]

In 1940 the venue was transferred to New Delhi,and it is now held at the Ambedkar Stadium in the city. Following India's independence in 1947, the tournament was hosted by the Indian Army.

The most successful teams are currently East Bengal and Mohun Bagan, with 16 wins each, accounting for no less 32 cup victories over the years. With the eclipse of high profile teams from Hyderabad, since 1970 the Durand Cup has been won mostly by teams from Kolkata, such as East Bengal and Mohun Bagan, or from the Punjab, such as the Border Security Force and JCT Mills. Mohun Bagan also won the first title of the new Millennium. In recent years, however, Goa has also produced a run of winning form. In 1997 a team from the south won for the first time, thanks to FC Kochin. In 2002 for the first time a team from Mumbai won a repeat victory, when Mahindra United won its second title, following its 1998 win. In 2003 Goa matched this feat, when Salgaocar added to its 1999 victory. In 2005 another Goan side, Sporting Clube de Goa, missed the title by a whisker when the Army XI produced an upset to win, but the following year was undeniably Goan when a third Goan team, Dempo S.C., thrashed JCT 2-0 in the 2006 finals. Recent seasons has been dominated by yet another Goan team: Churchill Brothers. They won the tournament three times: in 2007, 2009 and 2011, and narrowly missed a hat-trick, as runners-up in 2008; they were also runners-up in 2001-02.

The winning team is presented with three trophies: The President’s Cup (first presented by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India); the Durand Cup (the original challenge prize, which is a rolling trophy); and the Shimla Trophy (first presented by citizens of Shimla in 1904 and, since 1965, a rolling trophy).

Despite being the de facto Indian counterpart to the FA Cup in England[citation needed], its winners do not qualify for Asian Football Confederation tournaments. The I-League and Federation Cup (League Cup) are the only ways to qualify for the Asian cup.

India's armed forces deserve credit for keeping the Durand Cup tradition alive over the decades.In 2006, Osians, the art house, took over the running and management of the Durand Cup. Prize money, TV coverage and the quality of the football souvenirs produced have improved dramatically[citation needed].

Winners[edit]

Year Winning team Score Losing team Ref.
1888 Royal Scots Fusiliers 2-1 Highland Light Infantry
1889 Highland Light Infantry 8-1 Simla Rifles (2nd Punjab Volunteer Rifle Corps)
1890 Highland Light Infantry 2-0 Royal Irish Fusiliers
1891 King's Own Scottish Borderers 2-0 East Lancashire Regiment
1892 King's Own Scottish Borderers 3-1 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
1893 Highland Light Infantry 2-1 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
1894 Highland Light Infantry 2-1 Royal Scots Fusiliers
1895 Highland Light Infantry 1-0 Somerset Light Infantry
1896 Somerset Light Infantry 6-1 Black Watch
1897 Black Watch 1-0 Simla Rifles (2nd Punjab Volunteer Rifle Corps)
1898 Black Watch 4-0 North Staffordshire Regiment
1899 Black Watch 3-0 Yorkshire Regiment
1900 South Wales Borderers 2-0 East Lancashire Regiment
1901 South Wales Borderers 2-1 South Staffordshire Regiment
1902 Hampshire Regiment 2-1 East Lancashire Regiment
1903 Royal Irish Rifles 2-1 Queen's Regiment
1904 North Staffordshire Regiment 1-0 Black Watch
1905 Royal Dragoons 2-0 Dorsetshire Regiment
1906 Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 2-1 Bedfordshire Regiment
1907 Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 2-0 Royal Welsh Fusiliers
1908 Lancashire Fusiliers 2-0 Royal Irish Rifles
1909 Lancashire Fusiliers 2-0 King's Regiment
1910 Royal Scots 2-0 King's Royal Rifle Corps
1911 Black Watch 1-0 Lancashire Fusiliers
1912 Royal Scots 1-0 Lancashire Fusiliers
1913 Lancashire Fusiliers 2-0 King's Royal Rifle Corps
1914-19 Tournament not held, due to World War I
1920 Black Watch 2-0 Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
1921 Worcestershire Regiment 1-0 Royal Fusiliers
1922 Lancashire Fusiliers 1-0 Royal Field Artillery
1923 Cheshire Regiment 1-0 Essex Regiment
1924 Worcestershire Regiment 2-0 Essex Regiment
1925 Sherwood Foresters 2-0 Worcestershire Regiment
1926 Durham Light Infantry 1-0 Sherwood Foresters
1927 York & Lancaster Regiment 1-0 East Indian Railway Regiment
1928 Sherwood Foresters 4-0 York & Lancaster Regiment
1929 York & Lancaster Regiment 3-0 East Yorkshire Regiment
1930 York & Lancaster Regiment 2-0 Leicestershire Regiment
1931 Devonshire Regiment 3-0 Border Regiment
1932 King's Shropshire Light Infantry 2-1 Devonshire Regiment
1933 King's Shropshire Light Infantry 3-2 Leicestershire Regiment
1934 Royal Signals 3-1 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
1935 Border Regiment 1-0 Royal Norfolk Regiment
1936 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders 2-0 Green Howards
1937 Border Regiment 3-1 Royal Scots
1938 South Wales Borderers 2-0 Border Regiment
1939 Tournament not held, due to World War II in Europe
1940 Mohammedan Sporting Club 2-1 Royal Warwickshire Regiment
1941-49 Tournament not held, due to World War II & to Partition
1950 Hyderabad City Police 2-2, 1-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1951 East Bengal Club 1-1, 2-1 Rajasthan Armed Constabulary
1952 East Bengal Club 1-0 Hyderabad City Police
1953 Mohun Bagan AC 4-0 National Defence Academy
1954 Hyderabad City Police 1-1, 1-0 Hindustan Aircraft Limited
1955 Madras Regimental Centre 3-2 Indian Air Force
1956 East Bengal Club 2-0 Hyderabad City Police
1957 Hyderabad City Police 2-1 East Bengal Club
1958 Madras Regimental Centre 2-0 Gorkha Brigade
1959 Mohun Bagan AC 1-1, 3-1 Mohammedan Sporting Club
1960 Mohun Bagan AC & East Bengal Club - (joint winners) 1-1, 0-0
1961 Andhra Pradesh Police 1-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1962 Tournament not held, due to Indo-China War
1963 Mohun Bagan AC 0-0, 2-0 Andhra Pradesh Police
1964 Mohun Bagan AC 2-0 East Bengal Club
1965 Mohun Bagan AC 2-0 Punjab Police
1966 Gorkha Brigade 2-0 Sikh Regimental Centre
1967 East Bengal Club 1-0 Bengal-Nagpur Railway
1968 Border Security Force 1-0 East Bengal Club
1969 Gorkha Brigade 1-0 Border Security Force
1970 East Bengal Club 2-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1971 Border Security Force 0-0, 1-0 Leaders Club Jalandhar
1972 East Bengal Club 0-0, 1-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1973 Border Security Force 2-1 Rajasthan Armed Constabulary (Bikaner)
1974 Mohun Bagan AC 3-2 JCT Mills
1975 Border Security Force 1-1, 2-1 JCT Mills
1976 Border Security Force & JCT Mills - (joint winners) 0-0, 0-0
1977 Mohun Bagan AC 1-1, 2-1 JCT Mills
1978 East Bengal Club 3-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1979 Mohun Bagan AC 1-0 Punjab Police
1980 Mohun Bagan AC 1-0 Mohammedan Sporting Club
1981 Border Security Force 1-0 JCT Mills
1982 Mohun Bagan AC & East Bengal Club - (joint winners) 0-0
1983 JCT Mills 2-1 Mohun Bagan AC
1984 Mohun Bagan AC 2-0 East Bengal Club
1985 Mohun Bagan AC 0-0 (aet, 3-2 pens) JCT Mills
1986 Mohun Bagan AC 1-0 East Bengal Club
1987 JCT Mills 1-0 Mohun Bagan AC
1988 Border Security Force 3-2 East Bengal Club
1989 East Bengal Club 0-0 (aet, 3-1 pens) Mohun Bagan AC
1990 East Bengal Club 3-2 Mahindra & Mahindra
1991 East Bengal Club 1-1 (aet, 5-3 pens) Border Security Force
1992 JCT Mills 1-0 Mohammedan Sporting Club
1993 East Bengal Club 1-0 Punjab State Electricity Board
1994 Mohun Bagan AC 1-0 East Bengal Club
1995 East Bengal Club 0-0 (aet, 4-3 pens) Tata Football Academy
1996 JCT Mills 1-0 al-Naft (Baghdad)
1997 FC Kochin 3-1 Mohun Bagan AC
1998 Mahindra & Mahindra 2-1 East Bengal Club
1999 Salgaocar Sports Club 0-0 (aet, 3-2 [pens) East Bengal Club
2000 Mohun Bagan AC 1-1, 1-0 (Golden goal) Mahindra United
2001-02 Mahindra United 5-0 Churchill Brothers SC
2002-03 East Bengal Club 3-0 Army XI
2003-04 Salgaocar Sports Club 1-1 (aet, 4-3 pens) East Bengal Club
2005 Army XI 0-0 (aet, 5-4 pens) Sporting Clube de Goa
2006 Dempo Sports Club 1-0 JCT Mills
2007 Churchill Brothers SC 1-0 Mahindra United
2008 Mahindra United 3-2 Churchill Brothers SC
2009 Churchill Brothers SC 3-1 Mohun Bagan AC
2010 Prayag United S.C. 1-0 JCT FC
2011 Churchill Brothers SC 5-4 Prayag United S.C.
2012 Air India 3-2 Dodsal
2013 Mohammedan Sporting Club 2-1 ONGC

Finals performance by team[edit]

Finals
appearances
Team Wins Losses Win % Last win
25 Mohun Bagan AC 16 9 .640 2000
26 East Bengal Club 16 10 .615 2003
9 Border Security Force 7 2 .777 1988
11 JCT Mills 5 6 .454 1996
7 Black Watch 5 2 .714 1920
6 Highland Light Infantry 5 1 .833 1895
7 Hyderabad City Police 4 3 .571 1954
6 Lancashire Fusiliers 4 2 .666 1922
6 Mahindra United 3 3 .500 2008
4 York & Lancaster Regiment 3 1 .750 1930
4 Border Regiment 2 2 .500 1937
4 Churchill Brothers SC 3 2 .600 2011
3 Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 2 1 .666 1907
3 Gorkha Brigade 2 1 .666 1969
3 Royal Scots Fusiliers 2 1 .666 1912
3 Sherwood Foresters 2 1 .666 1928
2 King's Shropshire Light Infantry 2 0 1.000 1933
2 Madras Regimental Centre 2 0 1.000 1958
2 Salgaocar Sports Club 2 0 1.000 2004
2 King's Own Scottish Borderers 2 0 1.000 1892
2 South Wales Borderers 2 0 1.000 1901
4 Mohammedan Sporting Club 2 2 .250 1940
1 FC Kochin 1 0 1.000 1997
1 Prayag United S.C. 1 0 1.000 2010
1 Air India 1 0 1.000 2012
1 Dodsal 0 1 0.000

References[edit]

External links[edit]