Durango High School (Colorado)

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Durango High School
Durango High School.jpg
Building in 2010
Durango High School (Colorado) is located in Colorado
Durango High School (Colorado)
Location of the building in Colorado
Location 201 East 12th Street
Durango, Colorado[2]
Coordinates 37°16′36″N 107°52′41″W / 37.2768°N 107.8781°W / 37.2768; -107.8781Coordinates: 37°16′36″N 107°52′41″W / 37.2768°N 107.8781°W / 37.2768; -107.8781
Architect Thomas MacLaren and Charles Thomas
NRHP Reference # 01001119[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 20, 2001[4]
Designated CSRHP August 8, 2001[3]

Durango High School, also known as the Durango 9-R Administration Building,[2] is a former school in Durango, Colorado. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties. The building opened in 1917, and served as a high school until 1976, after which it became the district administration building.

History[edit]

The recently built Durango High School, circa 1920
Auditorium circa 1920

Durango's first high school opened in 1893. By early 1914, the school had problems with overcrowding, so plans were drawn up for a new building. The chosen site was between 12th and 13th Streets along East 2nd Avenue, and existing property owners were willing to sell. The optimal location for the building happened to be directly in the 2nd Avenue right-of-way, so the city abandoned the road and an alley in the 12th–13th Street block. A $175,000 bond for construction of the new building passed in 1916 with a vote of 238 to 199. The building was designed by architectural firm Thomas MacLaren and Charles Thomas and M.J. Kenney served as contractor.[5] The Durango High School was one of the last projects that MacLaren and Thomas collaborated on before their partnership dissolved on April 4, 1917.[6] Without equipment, the structure cost an estimated $165,000.[7] The new school opened in September 1917 with 304 students; the former high school became a junior high school, and then an elementary school in 1937, and it burned down in 1950.[6]

In mid-1918, as a result of World War I, German classes were dropped from the curriculum and German texts were burned.[6] On October 17, 1918, Spanish influenza forced the closure of the school, and it did not reopen until January 6, 1919.[8]

By the 1970s, Durango's population growth meant that the high school, designed for up to 500 students, could not accommodate a projected 700 students. Construction on a new school began in 1975, and it opened in 1976. The historic Durango High School became an administration building for the Durango 9-R School District, serving all administrative roles for the district including school board meetings.[9] Renovation of the former school was directed by architect Michael R. Bell.[10]

Durango High School was added to the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties on August 8, 2001.[3] The school was nominated for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A for its role in education and Criterion C for its significance in architecture.[11] It was added to the Register on October 20, 2001.[4]

Architecture and use[edit]

Plan of the school building's first floor, showing its overall inverted "T" shape

The Durango High School building was designed in the Classical Revival style,[11] intended to accommodate 500 students.[9] The building layout was based on a standard "H" shape, to which was added a wing housing the gym and auditorium, resulting in an inverted "T" shape.[7][12] At the time of construction, Durango lacked a theater or public assembly hall, so the auditorium was built with the intent that it be used by the community and school.[7]

The building is three stories tall with basement except along the north side where it is only one story. It is built of buff-colored, smooth-faced brick.[12] The building features corner quoining and terra cotta trim, and is one of only two buildings in Durango to feature terra cotta ornamentation.[11] At the top of the building's front is an arched parapet bearing a terra cotta plaque which reads "1916", above a rectangular plaque which reads "High School". On the east and west wings are two plaques which read "DHS".[13] At the front of the building is garden maintained by the Four Corners Rose Society.[10]

The building's exterior has remained largely unchanged, except for an addition at the rear of the building when the plunge pool became a swimming pool in 1927.[11] The interior changed significantly during renovations in 1977–1978 when the school became the district administration building. Classrooms were modified with dropped ceilings and new lighting; the auditorium became a large, level-floored meeting room; and the swimming pool was covered over and became a storage area.[14][10] The gym and its elevated running track remain.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Seyfarth 2001, p. 1.
  3. ^ a b "CSRHP Listings: La Plata County". Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. History Colorado. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 10/14/01 Through 10/20/01". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ Seyfarth 2001, p. 13.
  6. ^ a b c Seyfarth 2001, p. 14.
  7. ^ a b c "High School, Durango, Colorado". The American Architect 117 (2313): 791. April 21, 1920. 
  8. ^ Seyfarth 2001, pp. 14–15.
  9. ^ a b Seyfarth 2001, p. 15.
  10. ^ a b c Noel, Thomas J. (2006). Guide to Colorado Historic Places: Sites Supported by the Colorado Historical Society's State Historical Fund. Westcliffe Publishers. p. 161. ISBN 978-1-56579-493-1. 
  11. ^ a b c d Seyfarth 2001, p. 12.
  12. ^ a b Seyfarth 2001, p. 3.
  13. ^ Seyfarth 2001, p. 8.
  14. ^ a b Seyfarth 2001, p. 10.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]