Durban Harbour's Edward Innes
|Durban Harbour’s "Edward Innes"|
Natal Harbours Department locomotive Edward Innes, c. 1901
|Type and origin|
|Designer||Hudswell, Clarke and Co.|
|Builder||Hudswell, Clarke and Co.|
|Gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge|
|Driver diameter||37 in (940 mm)|
|Wheelbase||9 ft (2.743 m)|
|Length||21 ft 7 in (6.579 m) over beams
24 ft 7 in (7.493 m) over couplers
|Height||10 ft 6.25 in (3.207 m)|
|Weight on drivers||18 LT 18 cwt 2 qtr (19.23 t) w/o|
|Locomotive weight||18 LT 18 cwt 2 qtr (19.23 t) w/o|
|Fuel capacity||2 long tons (2.0 t)|
|Water capacity||571 imp gal (2,600 l; 686 US gal)|
|Boiler||3 ft 3 in (0.991 m) diameter outside
5 ft 3.25 in (1.607 m) pitch
|Boiler pressure||160 psi (1,100 kPa)|
|Firegrate area||8.82 sq ft (0.819 m2)|
|102 tubes 1.75 in (44.4 mm) diameter
403.74 sq ft (37.509 m2)
|– Firebox||53.12 sq ft (4.935 m2)|
|– Total||456.86 sq ft (42.444 m2)|
|Tractive effort||8,410 lbf (37 kN) at 75% pressure|
|Operator(s)||Harbours Department of Natal
South African Railways
|Number in class||1|
|Official name||Edward Innes|
|First run||1901 |
In 1901 the Harbours Department of the Natal Government placed a single 0-6-0 side-tank locomotive named Edward Innes in service as harbour shunter in Durban Harbour.
Port Advisory Board
When the Harbour Board of Natal was abolished in 1894, control over harbour development and maintenance was vested in a newly established government department of the Colony of Natal. In 1898 a Port Advisory Board was established, consisting of seven members representing the Colonial Government as well as commercial and municipal entities. Like the Harbour Boards in the Cape of Good Hope, this board was responsible for the management, control, improvement, development and maintenance of the facilities at Durban Harbour, and empowered to levy wharfage dues.
In 1901 the Natal Harbours Department placed a single 0-6-0T locomotive in service at Durban Harbour. It was built by Hudswell, Clarke and Company of Leeds and was not numbered, but named Edward Innes after the first harbour engineer appointed by the Harbour Board of Natal in 1881. Innes had held the post until his death in 1887. The locomotive was not of a specially designed type, but was bought off the shelf and similar engines saw service elsewhere in the world.
The Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, in terms of the South Africa Act. One of the clauses in the Act required that the three Colonial Government railways, the Cape Government Railways, the Natal Government Railways and the Central South African Railways, also be united under one single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. While the South African Railways (SAR) came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways required careful planning and was only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.
The engine Edward Innes was still in service at the harbour in 1912. The locomotive was excluded from the SAR classification and renumbering lists and retained its name while it remained in service at Durban Harbour for some years after 1912.
- List of South African locomotive classes
- South African locomotive history
- The 0-6-0 wheel arrangement
- Holland, D.F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways, Volume 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 115, 128–129. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8.
- Harbours Department of the Government of Natal
- Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 21–22. ISBN 0869772112.
- The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.
- Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer’s Office, Pretoria, January 1912, p. 2. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)