Durgapur Steel Plant

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DSP plant

Durgapur Steel Plant (Bengali: দুর্গাপুর ইস্পাত কারখানা) is one of the integrated steel plants of Steel Authority of India Limited, located in Durgapur, in the eastern Indian state of West Bengal. It has played a historically important part in the industrial development of India. Although not a separate company, it is the largest industrial unit in the state of West Bengal.[citation needed]. It is the first (1960) ingot-producing steel plant in India. Apart from that it is the only steel plant in India which produces train wheels for all passenger cars which includes Rajdhani, Shatabdi Express.


Set up in the late 1950s with assistance from United Kingdom and of initial annual capacity of one million tonnes of crude steel per year, the capacity of Durgapur Steel Plant (DSP) was later expanded to 1.6 million tonnes in the mid-'60s. A massive modernization programme was undertaken in the plant in early '90s, which, while bringing numerous technological developments in the plant, enhanced the capacity of the plant to 2.088 million tonnes of hot metal,1.8 million tonnes crude steel and 1.586 million tonnes saleable steel. The entire plant is covered under ISO 9001: 2008 QMS, ISO 14001:2004 EMS, OHSAS 18001:2007, SA 8000:2008 and ISO 27001:2005 ISMS management systems.

The modernized DSP now has state-of –the-art technology for quality steel making. The modernized units have brought about improved productivity, substantial improvement in energy conservation and better quality products. DSP’s Steel Making complex and the entire mills zone, comprising its Blooming & Billet Mill, Merchant Mill, Skelp Mill, Section Mill and Wheel & Axle Plant, are covered under ISO 9001: 2008 quality assurance certification.

With the successful commissioning of the modernized units, DSP is all set to produce 2.088 million tones of hot metal, 1.8 million tones of crude steel and 1.586 million tones of saleable steel annually. —

Product mix Tonnes/annum[edit]

Merchant Products 280,000
Structural 207,000
Skelp 180,000
Wheels & Axles 58,000
Semis 861,000
Total Salable steel 1,586,000

Forged wheels are especially made here; in October 2010, DSP licensed technology from the Ukrainian manufacturer Interpipe which would allow it to make 955mm monobloc wheels.[1]


DSP is situated about 158 km from Kolkata, its geographical location is defined as 23° 27' North and 88° 29' East. It is situated on the banks of the Damodar River in the Bardhaman District. The Grand Trunk Road and the main Kolkata-Delhi railway line pass through Durgapur.

Environment control[edit]

Durgapur Steel Plant has made relentless efforts to maintaining a healthy and clean environment. The units in DSP have the necessary pollution control facilities.

DSP has undertaken massive afforestation to maintain clean environment. Some 1,266 acres of land have been covered with 14 lakh plantations. In order to develop healthy awareness about the environment amongst the younger generation, Eco-clubs have been formed in DSP schools.

Unfortunately it has become the most polluted plant in dergapur.

Centre for Human Resource Development[edit]

DSP has always attached maximum importance on proper training and development of its employees. Its Centre for Human Resource Development has all modern facilities including the state-of-the-art Electrical and Electronics laboratory, Hydraulics and Pneumatics laboratory and workshop for effective training and development of its employees.


The Public Relations Department publishes monthly house journals in English, Bengali and Hindi for extensive information of company affairs to the employees. DSP also has an in-house TV studio (DSTV) along with all modern facilities, which telecast news and a gamut of other programs covering various aspects of plant and township activities.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]