Durham County, North Carolina

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Durham County, North Carolina
2008-07-05 Durham County Courthouse.jpg
Durham County Courthouse
Seal of Durham County, North Carolina
Logo of Durham County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Durham County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1881
Named for Bartlett Snipes Durham
Seat Durham
Largest city Durham
 • Total 298 sq mi (772 km2)
 • Land 290 sq mi (751 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 2.51%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 279,641
 • Density 964/sq mi (372/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 4th, 6th, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.dconc.gov

Durham County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 267,587.[1] Its county seat is Durham.[2]

Durham County is the core of the Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Raleigh-Durham-Cary, NC Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 1,749,525 in 2010.


The county was formed on April 17, 1881, from parts of Orange County and Wake County, taking the name of its own county seat. In 1911 parts of Cedar Fork Township of Wake County was transferred to Durham County and became Carr Township.

Law and government[edit]

Durham County is a member of the regional Triangle J Council of Governments. Durham County is governed by a five-member board of county commissioners, currently consisting of Chairman Michael D. Page, Vice Chairwoman Brenda A.Howerton, Fred Foster, Jr., Wendy S. Jacobs, and Ellen W. Reckhow.[3] Each elected member serves a four-year term.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 298 square miles (771.8 km2), of which 290 square miles (751.1 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18.1 km2) (2.51%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 18,041
1900 26,233 45.4%
1910 35,276 34.5%
1920 42,219 19.7%
1930 67,196 59.2%
1940 80,244 19.4%
1950 101,639 26.7%
1960 111,995 10.2%
1970 132,681 18.5%
1980 152,785 15.2%
1990 181,835 19.0%
2000 223,314 22.8%
2010 267,587 19.8%
Est. 2013 288,133 7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 223,314 people, 89,015 households, and 54,032 families residing in the county. The population density was 769 people per square mile (297/km²). There were 95,452 housing units at an average density of 329 per square mile (127/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 39.46% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 3.29% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.21% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. 7.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 89,015 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.00% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.30% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 12.80% from 18 to 24, 34.80% from 25 to 44, 19.80% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,337, and the median income for a family was $53,223. Males had a median income of $35,939 versus $30,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,156. About 9.80% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.


Map of Durham County, North Carolina, With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities and towns[edit]

The only incorporated municipality centered in Durham County is the city of Durham. However, parts of the town of Chapel Hill in Orange County, are in Durham County. A small portion of the city of Raleigh is also in Durham County.[7]


The county is divided into six townships: Carr, Durham, Lebanon, Mangum, Oak Grove, and Triangle.

Unincorporated communities[edit]

There are several unincorporated communities along the outskirts of the city of Durham or in the rural parts of the county.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1]. www.dconc.gov (2014-04-04). Retrieved on 2014-04-04.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Raleigh Durham Annexation Agreement Lines

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°02′N 78°52′W / 36.04°N 78.87°W / 36.04; -78.87