Durham railway station

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Durham National Rail
Durham
Location
Place Durham
Local authority Durham
Coordinates 54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815Coordinates: 54°46′47″N 1°34′53″W / 54.7798°N 1.5815°W / 54.7798; -1.5815
Grid reference NZ269428
Operations
Station code DHM
Managed by East Coast
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  1.650 million
2005/06 Increase 1.740 million
2006/07 Increase 1.774 million
2007/08 Increase 1.858 million
2008/09 Increase 1.996 million
2009/10 Increase 2.051 million
2010/11 Increase 2.180 million
2011/12 Increase 2.284 million
- Interchange 3,828
2012/13 Decrease 2.274 million
- Interchange Decrease 3,475
2013/14 Increase 2.415 million
- Interchange Increase 4,664
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Durham from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Durham railway station serves the city of Durham, England on the East Coast Main Line. The railway station is managed by East Coast. Despite its small functional capacity the station is a principal stop on the East Coast Main Line and is called at by many intercity services travelling the route.

The travel time between Durham and London King's Cross, 254 miles (409 km) south, is around three hours on a high-speed East Coast service.

Description[edit]

Durham is a through station with two platforms and is located on a hill to the north of the city centre. To the south of the station, the railway line is elevated on a viaduct. After the 2006–2008 renovation, the booking hall is now located in the original stone station building.

History[edit]

Originally, Durham was served by three stations but none of these survive today:

  • Gilesgate: the only station located in the city, it served the Leamside Line, then the main line from London to Newcastle. Passenger services finished in 1857 but the Leamside line carried passenger services until 1963. Today it has been redeveloped as a Travelodge hotel, while the serving track was used in the realignment of the A690 road Gilesgate bypass
  • Shincliffe (Shincliffe Town from 1861): located in nearby Shincliffe, which was built in 1839 and was served by the Durham and Sunderland Railway, using rope haulage between opening and 1856, and closed when Elvet station opened in the city centre. A second station, Shincliffe, on the Leamside to Ferryhill line, was opened in 1844. It closed to passengers in 1941.
  • Durham Elvet: in 1893, the Durham-Sunderland branch was extended to Elvet. It closed to regular passenger services in 1931 and completely closed in 1953

In 1857, a station on the current location and a viaduct over the River Browney immediately to the south were built by the North Eastern Railway, on their Leamside to Bishop Auckland line to Bishop Auckland. The station was redeveloped in 1871, when the North Eastern Railway developed a new line from Tursdale through Relly Mill Junction to Durham, and onwards from Newton Hall Junction through Chester-le-Street to Newcastle Central via the Team Valley.[1] This became the main line, the current East Coast Main Line on the 15th January 1872.[2]

On grouping in 1923, the station came under the control of the London and North Eastern Railway. Passenger services to Bishop Auckland and Sunderland via Penshaw were withdrawn by British Railways under the Beeching Axe on 4 May 1964.

The East Coast Main Line through Durham was electrified in 1991.

2006–2008 refurbishment[edit]

Today, the station is owned by Network Rail and managed by East Coast. The station was refurbished between 2006 and 2008 by operator GNER and later National Express which included a new lounge, toilets, travel centre, glazed waiting area, lifts and shops. The entrance and booking hall were moved from the 'temporary' 1960s building into the original stone building following renovation and repairs. The renovations were completed in early 2008 and the newly renovated station won Best Medium Station and Overall Station of the Year at the 2008 National Rail Awards.[3] Ticket barriers were installed in September 2009.

Services[edit]

General off-peak services

Direction East Coast CrossCountry First TransPennine Express Northern Rail
Northbound 1tph to Newcastle Central, with some continuing to Edinburgh Waverley at peak times 1tph to Newcastle Central
1tph to Edinburgh Waverley
1tph to Newcastle Central 3tpd to Newcastle Central in the early morning (2tpd on Saturday)
Southbound 1tph to London King's Cross via York 1tph to Reading via Doncaster and Birmingham
1tph to Plymouth via Leeds and Birmingham
1tph to Liverpool Lime Street via Leeds and Manchester Victoria 1tpd to Darlington in the late evening (except Saturdays)
1tpd to Saltburn on Sundays

tph = trains per hour tpd = trains per day

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cobb, Michael H. The Railways of Great Britain: A Historical Atlas
  2. ^ Tomlinson, W.W. (1967, reprint of 1914 edition). North Eastern Railway, Its Rise and Development. Newton Abbot: David and Charles.
  3. ^ http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/3688129.Durham_named___Britain_s_best_railway_station/

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
CrossCountry
First TransPennine Express
Northern Rail
Darlington   East Coast
East Coast Main Line
  Newcastle Central
Disused railways
Croxdale   London and North Eastern Railway
Leamside Line
  Leamside
Terminus   London and North Eastern Railway
Durham to Bishop Auckland Line
  Brandon Colliery
Terminus   London and North Eastern Railway
Deerness Valley Railway
  Ushaw Moor