Kalaja e Durrësit
Venetian Tower of Durrës
|Built||1st century BC (final form in 5th century)|
|Built by||final form created by Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Anastasius I Dicorus|
|Controlled by|| Byzantine Empire
Republic of Venice
|Battles/wars||Battle of Dyrrhachium (1018), Battle of Dyrrhachium (1081), Battle of Durrës (1939) (fr)|
|Events||Miss Shqipëria 2009|
The castle was build by Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Anastasius I who originated from Durrës. At the time Anastasius made the city as one of the most fortified cities on the Adriatic. Repairs to walls have been carried out after the devastating earthquake of 1273. Currently medieval walls nearly 15 feet (4.6 meters) in height and three entrances of some fortification towers preserved in nearly one-third of the initial length of the city castle.. The castle was reinforced by several tower guards by the Republic of Venice and during the occupation of Albania by Ottoman Empire the wall was reinforced.
On 7 April 1939, Albanian patriots fought the fascist Italians who invaded Albania. In Durrës, a force of only 360 Albanians, mostly gendarmes and townspeople, led by Abaz Kupi, the commander of the gendarmerie in Durrës, and Mujo Ulqinaku, a marine official, tried to halt the Italian advance. Armed only with small arms and three machine guns, they succeeded in keeping the Italians at bay for several hours until a large number of light tanks disembarked from the latter's naval vessels. After that, resistance diminished and within five hours Italy had captured the entire city.
The castle is now a popular tourist attraction in Durrës and Albania.
- Venetian Albania
- Anastasius I (emperor)
- Thopia family
- Karl Thopia
- Italian invasion of Albania
- Mujo Ulqinaku
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