Düsseldorf Airport

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Düsseldorf Airport
Flughafen Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf Airport logo 2013.png
Dusseldorf - International (Rhein-Ruhr - Lohausen) (DUS - EDDL) AN1762145.jpg
IATA: DUSICAO: EDDL
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Düsseldorf GmbH
Serves Düsseldorf, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 44.8 m / 147 ft
Coordinates 51°17′22″N 006°46′00″E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667Coordinates: 51°17′22″N 006°46′00″E / 51.28944°N 6.76667°E / 51.28944; 6.76667
Website dus.com
Map
DUS is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
DUS
DUS
Location in North Rhine-Westphalia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,000 10,474 Concrete
05L/23R 2,700 10,809 Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 20,830,000
Passenger change 10–11 Increase2.4%
Aircraft movements 217,219
Movements change 10–11 Decrease-2.0%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Düsseldorf Airport (German: Flughafen Düsseldorf; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport; IATA: DUSICAO: EDDL) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia, located approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) north of downtown Düsseldorf, and some 20 kilometres (12 mi) south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area.

It is the third largest airport in Germany after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport,[1] handling 20.8 million passengers in 2012 and serves as a hub for Air Berlin and Germanwings including Eurowings. Additionally, the airport features Lufthansa's only long-haul operations outside of its hubs in Frankfurt and Munich.

Overview[edit]

Usage[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world.[3] The airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Düsseldorf and Essen; other cities within a 20-kilometre (12 mi) radius are Duisburg, Krefeld, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Neuss, and Wuppertal. The airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres (2.37 sq mi) of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity – but also reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport is the workplace for more than 18,200 employees.

With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010,[1] the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, and was the 20th busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010.[1]

Ownership[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners:

Facilities[edit]

Aerial overview
The main check-in-hall

Terminals[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport has three terminals connected by a central spine, even though the terminals are essentially concourses within a single terminal building. The current terminal buildings are capable of handling up to 22 million passengers per year. However, due to an agreement with residents in nearby Ratingen (the so-called Angerlandvergleich), this capacity may not be reached within the next few years, as aircraft movements are restricted.

Terminal A[edit]

Terminal A was opened in 1977 and has 16 gates (A01–A16) used by Lufthansa and Germanwings, its airline partners and Star Alliance members Aegean Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Air China, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, EgyptAir, TAP Portugal, and Swiss International Air Lines. Terminal A houses two Lufthansa lounges. It was refurbished fundamentally for two years after the 1996 fire.

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B was opened in 1973 and has 11 gates (B01–B11) used mainly for domestic and EU-flights by Air Berlin and SkyTeam and Oneworld members British Airways, KLM, Finnair, Iberia, and Air France. Also located within the terminal are charter carriers such as TUIfly and Condor. Terminal B houses an observation deck and airline lounges by Air France and British Airways. After the fire in 1996 the whole terminal building was torn down and reconstructed. It was reopened in 2001.

Terminal C[edit]

Terminal C was opened in 1986 and has 8 gates (C01–C08) used exclusively for non-Schengen-flights by non-Star Alliance airlines. These are long-haul flights – among others – by Air Berlin, Delta Air Lines, American Airlines, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Mahan Air, and Turkish Airlines. Terminal C has a direct access to Airport City's Maritim Hotel, part of a German hotel chain, and houses lounges from Air Berlin and Emirates. Terminal C was the least affected Terminal after the fire in 1996. It was still reopened in 1996 after intensive maintenance works. Thus it was the only usable Terminal at Düsseldorf Airport for a couple of years.

Executive Terminal[edit]

Jet Aviation operates a small terminal solely for private and corporate customers.

Runways and apron[edit]

Düsseldorf has two runways, which are 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) and 2,700 metres (8,858 ft) long. There are plans to extend the 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) runway to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft), but the town of Ratingen has been blocking the expansion, as it lies within the approach path of the runway. 107 aircraft parking positions are available on the aprons.

Airport City[edit]

Since 2003, an area of 23 hectares (57 acres) south-west of the airport terminal has been under redevelopment as Düsseldorf Airport City with an anticipated gross floor area of 250,000 square metres (2,700,000 sq ft) to be completed by 2016. Already based at Düsseldorf Airport City are corporate offices of Siemens and VDI, a large Porsche centre and showroom, a Maritim Hotel[4] and Congress Centre, a Sheraton Hotel and a cinema. Messe Düsseldorf is situated in close proximity to Düsseldorf Airport City (some 500 m or 1,600 ft).

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

A Alitalia Caravelle at Düsseldorf Airport in 1973

The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of the present airport. The present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne and Geneva. With the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 with the airfield being used by the military.

After the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area being under British administration the first flights were operated by British European Airways to the RAF Northolt.

In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 meters. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, and in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres.

In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railroad connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport started its operations. The additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport – making it number two in Germany.

By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport.

Düsseldorf Airport fire[edit]

Reconstruction in progress in 1999 after the Düsseldorf Airport fire

On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, which has been the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out. It was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area and insufficient structural fire protection and destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport.

17 people died, mostly due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be completely reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents.

In November 1997 Terminal C has been completely redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. Also in 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

Several LTU Airbus A330-200 at their Düsseldorf base in 2004

The first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.

The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; Düsseldorf is now the third biggest airport in Germany. The new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time; the rebuilt Gebäude Ost was reopened.

In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station. The monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph). The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus.

On 12 November 2006, the first Airbus A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a promotion flight by Lufthansa. The airport is able to handle the A380 but scheduled services have yet to commence.

In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name.[5]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Kalamata, Heraklion, Rhodes
B
Aer Lingus Dublin C
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo C
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg C
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli C
Air Berlin Abu Dhabi, Alicante, Antalya, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Cancun, Catania, Copenhagen, Curaçao, Djerba, Dresden, Faro, Florence, Fort Myers, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hurghada, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech,[6] Marsa Alam, Miami, Milan-Linate,[7] Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, New York-JFK, Naples, Nuremberg, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Sharm el-Sheikh, Stuttgart, Sylt, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Varadero, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zurich
Seasonal: Agadir, Barbados, Cagliari, Calvi, Corfu, Enfidha, Heraklion, Innsbruck, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, La Romana, Los Angeles, Menorca, Montego Bay, Mytilene, Nice, Pointe-à-Pitre, Ponta Delgada, Preveza, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rhodes, Samos, Thessaloniki, Zakynthos
B, C
Air China Beijing-Capital A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air Malta Malta B
Air Serbia Belgrade C
airBaltic Riga B
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino, Venice-Marco Polo[8] A
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita[9] A
American Airlines Seasonal:[10] Chicago-O'Hare C
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Graz, Linz, Vienna A
British Airways London-Heathrow B
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City[11] B
British Airways
operated by Sun Air of Scandinavia
Billund B
Condor Antalya, Djerba, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Larnaca, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Agadir, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kos, Lanzarote, Mykonos, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos (begins 25 May 2015)[12]
B, C
Corendon Airlines Antalya C
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Split A
Czech Airlines Prague B
Delta Air Lines Atlanta C
easyJet London-Gatwick B
Emirates Dubai-International C
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi C
Etihad Regional
operated by Darwin Airline
Geneva, London-Stansted (ends 7 January 2015) B
Eurolot Warsaw-Chopin A
Express Airways Seasonal Brač (begins 15 May 2015) C
Finnair
operated by Flybe Nordic
Helsinki B
Flybe Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Exeter
C
Germania Beirut, Erbil, Mashhad (begins 25 February 2015), Sulaymaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini (begins 25 February 2015)
Seasonal: Adana, Bursa, Erzurum, Hurghada, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gokcen, Kütahya, Rhodes, Samsun, Zonguldak
C
Germanwings Barcelona, Bastia, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Budapest, Dresden, Dublin, Enfidha, Hamburg, Izmir, London-Heathrow, London-Stansted, Málaga, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Vnukovo, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Rome-Fiumicino, Thessaloniki, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Zurich (begins 8 January 2015)
Seasonal: Antalya, Cagliari, Figari, Heraklion, Ibiza, Porto (begins 4 April 2015), Rijeka, Rhodes (begins 4 April 2015), Reykjavik-Keflavik (begins 1 June 2015), Split
A, C
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bucharest, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Katowice, Leipzig/Halle, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Nuremberg, Poznan, Prague, Stockholm-Arlanda, Valencia, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw, Zurich (begins 8 January 2015)
Seasonal: Bari, Cagliari, Catania, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Heringsdorf, Jersey (begins 23 May 2015), Lamezia Terme, Montpellier, Newquay, Olbia, Turin (ends 7 January 2015), Zadar
A, C
Hahn Air Luxembourg B
HOP! Nantes B
Iberia Express Madrid B
Iraqi Airways Erbil, Sulaimaniyah C
InterSky Friedrichshafen B
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford C
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam B
Lufthansa Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Munich, Newark, Zurich (ends 7 January 2015)[13] A
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Zurich (ends 7 January 2015)[13] A
Mahan Air Teheran-Imam Khomeini C
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica C
Nouvelair Enfidha C
Onur Air Istanbul-Atatürk[14]
Seasonal: Antalya
C
Orenair Seasonal: Barnaul, Chelyabinsk, Krasnodar, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg C
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri C
Royal Air Maroc Seasonal: Nador C
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda A
SunExpress Izmir
Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen
C
SunExpress Deutschland Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Gaziantep, Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Kayseri
Seasonal: Bodrum (begins 1 May 2015), Dalaman (begins 1 May 2015), Marsa Alam, Heraklion, Rhodes, Samsun (begins 29 March 2015), Seville (begins 29 April 2015), Varna (begins 7 May 2015) [15]
C
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich A
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich C
TAP Portugal Lisbon A
TUIfly Antalya, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Malta, Marsa Alam, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Malta, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras/Araxos, Rhodes
B, C
Tunisair Tunis C
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
C
Turkish Airlines
operated by SunExpress
Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen C
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela (begins 27 June 2015)
B
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík-Keflavík B

Charters[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Kos[16] B
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna C
Atlasjet Seasonal charter: Antalya C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Varna C
Condor Charter: Dubai-World Central[17] B, C
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir C
Germania Charter: Gaziantep, Izmir, Karlovy Vary,[18] Malatya, Porto Santo, Pristina, Trabzon, Skopje[19] C
Hamburg Airways Seasonal: Kostanay[20]
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Burgas, Gazipasa, Hurghada
C
Nesma Airlines Charter: Hurghada C
Tunisair Tunis
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Enfidha
C

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-World Central
Swiss WorldCargo Zurich
Volga Dnepr Ashgabat

Statistics[edit]

Monorail Sky Train

Passenger numbers[edit]

Number of passengers[21] Number of movements[22] Freight
(Tonnes)
2000 16.03 million 194,016 59,361
2001 Decrease 15.40 million 193,514 51,441
2002 Decrease 14.75 million 190,300 46,085
2003 Decrease 14.30 million 186,159 48,419
2004 Increase 15.26 million 200,584 86,267
2005 Increase 15.51 million 200,619 88,058
2006 Increase 16.59 million 215,481 97,000
2007 Increase 17.83 million 227,899 89,281
2008 Increase 18.15 million 228,531 90,100
2009 Decrease 17.79 million 214,024 76,916
2010 Increase 18.98 million 215,540 87,995
2011 Increase 20.39 million 221,668 81,521
2012 Increase 20.80 million 210,298 86,820
Source: ADV German Airports Association[23]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic and international routes from Düsseldorf (2013)
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Munich, Germany 1,557,508 Air Berlin, Lufthansa
2 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 1,089,054 Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa, TUIfly
3 Berlin, Germany 1,083,057 Air Berlin, Lufthansa, Lufthansa Cityline
4 London (all), United Kingdom 901,535 Air Berlin, British Airways, EasyJet, Lufthansa
5 Antalya, Turkey 865,591 Air Berlin, Condor, Germania, Lufthansa, Pegasus Airlines, Sky Airlines, SunExpress, TUIfly

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service
Duisburg Hbf
Duisburg-Rahm
Düsseldorf-Angermund
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf-Unterrath
Düsseldorf-Derendorf
Düsseldorf Zoo
Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn
Düsseldorf Hbf

Düsseldorf Airport is served by two railway stations – one for the suburban railway and one for regional and long-distance trains. The Düsseldorf Airport railway station is located 2.5 kilometres from the terminal and is served by all categories of German rail types, including ICE high-speed trains. The airport also has its own S-Bahn station, Düsseldorf Airport Terminal station located below the terminal. It is served by the S11, which has its northern terminus there.

A fully automatic, suspended monorail called SkyTrain connects the long distance station to the parking areas and the passenger terminals and also serves as an inter-terminal connection.

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
Terminus S 11

Car[edit]

The airport can be reached via its own motorway-section which part of the motorway A44 (BelgiumKassel, Exit Düsseldorf-Flughafen) which connects to motorways A52, A57 and A3 as well. There are taxis and counters of several car rental agencies available as well.

Bus[edit]

Additionally, there are several local bus lines connecting the airport with nearby areas and Düsseldorf city center.[24]

Other facilities[edit]

  • Düsseldorf Airport has the headquarters of Air Berlin's technical training facilities and also serves as one of their maintenance bases.[25]
  • The corporate head office Blue Wings was also located in Terminal A at the airport.[27][28]

See also[edit]

  • Transport in Germany
  • Weeze Airport, an airport 80 km (50 mi) north-west from Düsseldorf, that is sometimes advertised by low-cost airlines as "Düsseldorf-Weeze" or "Weeze (Düsseldorf)". A German court ruled the naming the airport after Düsseldorf would be misleading to passengers, however some airlines still use that name in advertisements outside of Germany.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d ADV passenger statistics and aircraft movements[dead link]
  2. ^ "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Geo". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Hotel Düsseldorf. "Maritim Hotel Düsseldorf". Maritim.com. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Willkommen bei der Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf". Duesseldorf. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Air Berlin et Niki : du nouveau au Maroc | Air Journal". Air-journal.fr. 25 March 2014. 
  7. ^ http://ch-aviation.com/portal/news/31957-air-berlin-to-switch-from-milan-malpensa-to-linate
  8. ^ As of December 15, Alitalia will inaugurate new daily service to Berlin and Dusseldorf
  9. ^ Press Release All Nippon Airways 18 December 2013
  10. ^ "American Airlines Adjusts International Winter Schedule" (Press release). American Airlines. 31 July 2014.  Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "BA to launch new London City routes". Business Traveller. 26 November 2013. 
  12. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/09/15/de-s15update1/
  13. ^ a b "Lufthansa ® Deutschland – Online Flugplan" (in German). Lufthansa.com. 16 February 2007. 
  14. ^ https://book.onurair.com/web/RezvResults.xhtml
  15. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/12/03/xg-s15update2/
  16. ^ "Düsseldorf Airport – Flugplan". Dus.com. 2 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "Condor to move its charter flights to Dubai World Central - ch-aviation.com". Ch-aviation.ch. 
  18. ^ "Karlovarský kraj připravuje letecké spojení se západní Evropou". Kr-karlovarsky.cz. 23 September 2013. 
  19. ^ http://www.flygermania.de/download/file/Flugplaene/Flugplan.pdf
  20. ^ "Hamburg Airways: Search". Hamburg Airways. 
  21. ^ Number of passengers including both domestic and international.
  22. ^ Number of movements represents total commercial air transport takeoffs and landings during that year.
  23. ^ "German Airport Statistics". 
  24. ^ http://www.dus.com/dus_en/bus/
  25. ^ "airberlin technik – airberlin technical training in Dusseldorf". Airberlin-technik.com. 
  26. ^ "Kontakt." LTU International. Retrieved 21 June 2009. "LTU International Airways Flughafen Düsseldorf, Halle 8 D40474 Düsseldorf"
  27. ^ "Contact." Blue Wings. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG Duesseldorf Airport Terminal A 5. OG 40474 Duesseldorf, Germany"
  28. ^ "Welcome to Blue Wings." Blue Wings. 27 March 2009. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Blue Wings AG . Düsseldorf Airport . Terminal A . D-40474 Düsseldorf . Germany"

External links[edit]

Media related to Düsseldorf Airport at Wikimedia Commons