Dutch–Venezuelan crisis

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Dutch–Venezuelan crisis
Jacob van Heemskerck (1906) a.jpg
The Dutch warship Jacob van Heemskerck
Date 26 November 1908 - 23 December 1908 [1]
Location Venezuela
Result Ended with the overthrow of Cipriano Castro
Belligerents
 Venezuela Netherlands Netherlands
Commanders and leaders
Cipriano Castro
Strength
1 pantserschip (coastal defence ship)
2 protected cruisers

In 1908 a dispute broke out between the Netherlands and Cipriano Castro's Venezuela on the grounds of the harbouring of refugees in Curaçao.

Venezuela expelled the Dutch ambassador, prompting a Dutch dispatch of three warships - a pantserschip (coastal defence ship), the Jacob van Heemskerk, and two protected cruisers, the Gelderland and the Friesland. The Dutch warships had orders to intercept every ship that was sailing under the Venezuelan flag. On 12 December, the Gelderland captured the Venezuelan coast guard ship Alix off Puerto Cabello.[2] She and another ship the 23de Mayo were interned in harbor of Willemstad. With their overwhelming naval superiority, the Dutch enforced a blockade on Venezuela's ports. A few days later, General Castro left for Berlin, nominally for a surgical operation. In his absence, an uprising in Caracas overthrew his regime. This effectively ended the war with the Netherlands.

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