Dutch royal house

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The King and Queen with their daughters in 2013

In the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Monarchy is a constitutional office and is controlled by the constitution of the Netherlands. A distinction is made between members of the royal family and members of the royal house. According to the Membership to the Royal House Act[1] which was revised in 2002, the members of the royal house are:

  • the monarch (king or queen) as head of the royal house
  • the members of the royal family in the line of succession to the Dutch throne but limited to two degrees of kinship from the current monarch
  • the heir to the throne
  • the former monarch (on abdication)
  • the members of the royal house of further degrees of kinship if they were already members of the royal house prior to the revision of the act in 2002
  • the spouses of the above
  • the widows and widowers of the above, provided that they do not remarry, and that their spouses would still qualify if they were still alive today[1]:2.2

Current members[edit]

Loss of membership[edit]

The membership is lost if the right to succeed to the Dutch throne is lost, e.g. marrying without parliament’s approval. This applied to several members of the royal family:

In addition the membership is lost when a person is no longer related to the current monarch within 3 degrees of kinship. When King Willem-Alexander assumed the throne in 2013 this applied to:

Name of the royal house[edit]

The official[2] name of the Dutch royal house is Orange-Nassau. It is derived from the historical state of the same name, although this branch of the House of Nassau became extinct in the male line in 1962. The Dutch monarchs since 1948 have been members in the male line of the houses of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Lippe and Amsberg, and the latter is reflected in the current name van Oranje-Nassau van Amsberg (i.e. Orange-Nassau-Amsberg) also used by members of the royal family. Thus the historical name of Orange-Nassau continues to be used as part of the surname, and in several titles such as Prince of Orange-Nassau and Count of Orange-Nassau.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Overheid.nl (eng. Dutch government websites)". Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Het Koninklijk Huis - Titels". Het Koninklijk Huis (The Royal House). Retrieved 18 August 2013.