Duxford

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This article is about the village in Cambridgeshire, England. For the village in Oxfordshire, see Duxford, Oxfordshire. For the branch of the Imperial War Museum located in the village, see Imperial War Museum Duxford.
Duxford
Duxford village.jpg
Duxford is located in Cambridgeshire
Duxford
Duxford
 Duxford shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,836 [1]
OS grid reference TL481461
District South Cambridgeshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cambridge
Postcode district CB22
Dialling code 01223
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament South Cambridgeshire
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Coordinates: 52°05′32″N 0°09′34″E / 52.09226°N 0.15944°E / 52.09226; 0.15944

Duxford is a village in Cambridgeshire, England, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Cambridge.

History[edit]

The village formed on the banks of the River Cam, a little below its emergence from the hills of north Essex. One of the more populous settlements in its hundred it was split into two ecclesiastical parishes in medieval times until they were united in 1874.[2]

Originally known as Duxworth and listed as Dukeswrthe in the 10th century, and Dochesuuorde in the Domesday Book the village's name comes from "Worth (enclosure) of a man called Duc".[3]

Churches[edit]

St John's church

From medieval times the village was unusual in possessing two parish churches, each with a separate incumbent.

The church of St John the Baptist, as it's been known since at least 1260, consists of a chancel and north chapel, a central tower, and a nave with north aisle and south porch. The chancel, nave, and lower part of the tower were all built in the 12th century, with the tower raised in the 13th century. By the 1860s the building was in disrepair and after the parishes were merged in 1874, the church fell into disuse, and became increasingly dilapidated during the 20th century, despite receiving a new roof and stone floor in the 1960s. Since 1979 it has been run by the Churches Conservation Trust.[2]

St Peter's church

The southerly church has been dedicated to St Peter since at least 1275, and serves as Duxford's present parish church. Built with a chancel, an aisled and clerestoried nave, and a west tower, it too was originally built in the 12th century, and the tower and part of the chancel remain from this period. The nave was rebuilt in the 14th or 15th century. In 1728 the tower had the existing tall spire removed and replaced with the present shorter one. By the time the parishes were merged, the building was also in a poor state, and had to be extensively repaired in the 1880s.[2]

Main article: Duxford Chapel

To the north of the village close to the Royston to Newmarket road lies Duxford Chapel, a 14th-century chantry chapel that was probably part of the Hospital of St John.[4]

A Congregational chapel was built in the late 18th century and licensed in 1794, and at its peak in 1850 had a weekly congregation of 350. The chapel joined with other Congregational churches in uniting with the Presbyterian Church of England in 1972, and has been known as Duxford United Reformed Church since then.

Airfield[edit]

Duxford gives its name to RAF Duxford, a former Royal Air Force airfield that was used as a sector station during the Battle of Britain. Duxford Aerodrome was the home of Douglas Bader's Big Wing during that battle. Duxford airfield later became a fighter airfield for the United States Army Air Forces operating P47 Thunderbolt aircraft. In 1972 the Ministry of Defence began to house historically important aircraft in the hangars, which became the Imperial War Museum Duxford.

The airfield was used in the motion picture The Battle of Britain. During that production one of the hangars was blown up to simulate a Luftwaffe bombing raid.

Village life[edit]

The village has three remaining pubs – the John Barleycorn, the Plough and The Wheatsheaf. Former pubs include The Three Horseshoes, first recorded in 1786, and The King's Head which opened in the mid-19th century.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 Census
  2. ^ a b c d A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely 6. Victoria County History. 1978. pp. 201–220. 
  3. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). "A Dictionary of British Place-Names". 
  4. ^ Duxford Chapel

External links[edit]