Dwara Nikaya

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Maha Dwara Nikaya (Burmese: မဟာဒွာရနိကာယ, IPA: [məhà dwàɹa̰ nḭkàja̰]; also spelt Maha Dwaya Nikaya or Maha Dvara Nikaya is the name of a small monastic order of monks in Myanmar (Burma), numbering a three to four thousand monks, primarily in Lower Myanmar.[1] This order is very conservative with respect to Vinaya regulations.[2] It is one of 9 legally sanctioned monastic orders (nikaya) in the country, under the 1990 Law Concerning Sangha Organizations.[3]

Origins[edit]

The founding of Dwara Nikaya was inspired by nikaya reforms in Sri Lanka during the 19th century.[1] This Nikaya was founded in 1855, over disputes with the Thudhamma Nikaya on the constitution of a sima (သိမ် or thein in Burmese), a formal boundary in which Buddhist religious ceremonies (including ordination of Sangha) occur.[2]

In 1900 and 1918, two other groups, the Anaukchaung Dwara (အနောက်ချောင်းဒွာရ) and Mula Dwara (မူလဒွာရ) respectively, separated from the Dwara Nikaya over leadership disputes.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/seasia/dwara.html
  2. ^ a b c Carbine, Jason A (2011). Sons of the Buddha: Continuities and Ruptures in a Burmese Monastic Tradition 50. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-025409-9. 
  3. ^ Gutter, Peter (2001). "Law and Religion in Burma". Legal Issues on Burma Journal (Burma Legal Council) (8): 10. 

See also[edit]