Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu
|Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu|
November 8, 1893|
|Origin||Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Died||25 November 1964 (aged 71)|
|Genres||Indian Classical Music|
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu (Telugu: ద్వారం వెంకటస్వామి నాయుడు)(b. 8 November 1893 to d. 25 November 1964) was one of the most important carnatic music violinists of the 20th century. Naidu was partially blind. He played at the National Physical Laboratory auditorium, New Delhi in 1952, to raise funds for the Blind Relief Association.
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu was born in November (Deepavali day), in Bangalore, India and was raised in Visakhapatnam. He was appointed Professor of violin in the Maharaja's Music College in Vijayanagaram, at the young age of 26, and became its principal in 1936.
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His first solo concert was given in Vellore in 1938. He was known for his extremely well developed soft bowing technique combined with a firm fingering technique. He wrote several articles on music, like an essay on the "Peculiar characteristics of the tambura". He cautioned his disciples against missing practice even for a day. “If you don’t practice for one day, you will notice your mistakes, if you don’t practice for two days the audience would notice your mistakes!!”. He often used to say, "Music is an audible tapas."
Yehudi Menuhin, a world renowned violinist, was greatly impressed when he heard Dwaram play at Justice P. V. Rajamannar's house. The famous playback singer Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao learned Carnatic music under Naidu. Kalaimamani SMT.Radhanarayanan was also a disciple of V.naidu. Jayam Venkateshwaran, vocalist is a student of Radhanarayanan.
Awards and honors
- Madras Music Academy presented him with Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1941.
- The Indian Fine Arts Society bestowed on him the Sangeetha Kalasikhamani award in 1941.
- Andhra University conferred on him Kala Prapoorna in 1950.
- He received Sangeet Natak Academi Award in Fine Arts in 1953.
- Padma Shree Award was conferred on him in 1957.
- Indian Postal Department has released a commemorative stamp on his birth centenary in 1993.
- Raja-Lakshmi Award for the year 1992 by Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation, Chennai was awarded to Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu Memorial Trust.
The Sri Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu Memorial Trust was established in Chennai. Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu Kalakshetram was established in Visakhapatnam.
Statues of this notable musician have been erected in Visakhapatnam and Chennai, India.
- Eminent Musicologist Dwaram Bhavanarayana Rao is his son. Dwaram Anantha Venkata Swamy and Dwaram Lakshmi are his children.
- Dwaram Anantha Venkata Swamy is his grandson. He is a Civil Engineer working in Visakhapatnam Steel Plant.
- Dwaram lakshmi is daughter of Dwaram Bhavanarayana Rao. She is Vocalist presently working as professor in Padmavathi Mahila University.
- Justice Meenakumari, is grand daughter of Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu and presently working as Chief Justice of Meghalaya High Court .
Several Students learned music under him.The notable students are 1.Garimella Naga Raja Rao 2.Radha Narayanan