Dwarf Cavendish banana

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Musa acuminata 'Dwarf Cavendish'
Bananas.jpg
Cavendish bananas are the most commonly sold bananas in the world market.
Species Musa acuminata
Cultivar group AAA Group
Cultivar 'Dwarf Cavendish'
Origin Vietnam, China, Canary Islands
Close up photo of a leaf from the Dwarf Cavendish.

The Dwarf Cavendish banana is a cultivar descended from the banana cultivar group of commercial produce, the Cavendish. They are often grown as houseplants and produce slightly smaller edible bananas than other Cavendish cultivars. The name 'Dwarf Cavendish' is in reference to the height of the pseudostem, not the fruit (which are medium sized).[1] Young plants have maroon or purple blotches on their leaves but quickly lose them as they mature. It is one of the most commonly planted banana varieties from the Cavendish group, and the main source of commercial Cavendish bananas along with Grand Nain.[2][3][4][5] Musa 'tropicana' and 'novak' are similar.

Its accepted name is Musa (AAA group) 'Dwarf Cavendish'. Synonyms include:

  1. Musa acuminata L. A. Colla
  2. Musa nana J. de Loureiro (name accepted at Mobot)
  3. Musa nana auct. non J. de Loureiro
  4. Musa chinensis R. Sweet
  5. Musa sinensis P. A. Sagot ex J. G. Baker
  6. Musa sinensis P. A. Sagot
  7. Musa sinensis R. Sweet ex P. A. Sagot

Other common names include Klue Hom Kom, Pisang serendah, Chinese banana, and Canary banana.[6]

Description[edit]

Dwarf Cavendish plants grow up to a height of only 6 – 8 ft (1.8 - 2.4 m).[citation needed] The leaves are broad with short petioles. Its shortness makes it stable, wind-resistant, and easier to manage. This, in addition to its fast growth rate, makes it ideal for plantation cultivation.[7] An easily recognizable characteristic of this cultivar is that the male bracts and flowers are not shed.

The fruits of the Cavendish bananas range from about 15 to 25 cm in length, and are thin skinned. Each plant can bear up to 90 fingers.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bananas". http://www.innvista.com/. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Mohan Jain, S.; Priyadarshan, P. M. (2009). Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species. Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. ISBN 978-0-387-71199-7. 
  3. ^ "Big business: Banana". http://www.livingrainforest.org. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  4. ^ details of the taxonomic naming of the cavendish banana
  5. ^ "The Cavendish Banana". http://www.peaklandheritage.org.uk/. 2002-07-19. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Musa species 
  7. ^ "Sorting Musa names". Ginosar Tissue Culture Nurseries Ltd., Kibbutz Ginosar http://www.ginosar-t-c.co.il. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Musa 'Dwarf Cavendish'". http://www.bananas.org/. Retrieved 13 January 2011.