Close up photo of a leaf from the Dwarf Cavendish.
The Dwarf Cavendish banana is a cultivar descended from the banana cultivar group of commercial produce, the Cavendish. They are often grown as houseplants and produce slightly smaller edible bananas than other Cavendish cultivars. The name 'Dwarf Cavendish' is in reference to the height of the pseudostem, not the fruit (which are medium sized). Young plants have maroon or purple blotches on their leaves but quickly lose them as they mature. It is one of the most commonly planted banana varieties from the Cavendish group, and the main source of commercial Cavendish bananas along with Grand Nain. Musa 'tropicana' and 'novak' are similar.
Its accepted name is Musa (AAA group) 'Dwarf Cavendish'. Synonyms include:
Musa acuminata L. A. Colla
Musa nana J. de Loureiro (name accepted at Mobot)
Musa nana auct. non J. de Loureiro
Musa chinensis R. Sweet
Musa sinensis P. A. Sagot ex J. G. Baker
Musa sinensis P. A. Sagot
Musa sinensis R. Sweet ex P. A. Sagot
Other common names include Klue Hom Kom, Pisang serendah, Chinese banana, and Canary banana.
Dwarf Cavendish plants grow up to a height of only 6 – 8 ft (1.8 - 2.4 m). The leaves are broad with short petioles. Its shortness makes it stable, wind-resistant, and easier to manage. This, in addition to its fast growth rate, makes it ideal for plantation cultivation. An easily recognizable characteristic of this cultivar is that the male bracts and flowers are not shed.
The fruits of the Cavendish bananas range from about 15 to 25 cm in length, and are thin skinned. Each plant can bear up to 90 fingers.