Dwarf sheet spider

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Hahniidae
Cryphoeca.silvicola.female.jpg
Cryphoeca silvicola
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Dictynoidea
Family: Hahniidae
Bertkau, 1878
Genera

see text

Diversity
26 genera, 235 species
Distribution.hahniidae.1.png

The dwarf sheet spiders (family Hahniidae) are small spiders, their bodies are about 2 mm in length. They build extremely delicate webs in the form of a sheet, and unlike many spiders the web does not lead to a retreat. The silk used in these webs is so fine that they are difficult to spot unless they are coated with dew. They greatly favor locations near water or near moss, and are often found in leaf litter and detritus or on the leaves of shrubs and trees.[1]

Description[edit]

They are characterized by the arrangement of their six spinnerets in a transverse row. The last segment of the outer spinnerets is quite long and stands out above all the others.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Hahniidae are a worldwide family. The genera of the Northern Hemisphere and Africa tend to differ in their genital structures from those of the Southern Hemisphere. Very few species have been described from south east Asia, although quite a number seems to be yet undescribed.[1]

Name[edit]

The family is named after the type genus Hahnia, which is dedicated to German zoologist Carl Wilhelm Hahn.

Genera[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Murphy & Murphy 2000: 173
  2. ^ Marusik 2011: 57

References[edit]

  • Marusik, Yuri M. (2011). "A new genus of hahniid spiders from Far East Asia (Araneae: Hahniidae)." Zootaxa 2788: 57-66.
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

External links[edit]