Dym equation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dym eq Backlund transform solution animation
Dym equation 3d animation

In mathematics, and in particular in the theory of solitons, the Dym equation (HD) is the third-order partial differential equation

u_t = u^3u_{xxx}.\,

It is often written in the equivalent form


The Dym equation first appeared in Kruskal [1] and is attributed to an unpublished paper by Harry Dym.

The Dym equation represents a system in which dispersion and nonlinearity are coupled together. HD is a completely integrable nonlinear evolution equation that may be solved by means of the inverse scattering transform. It is interesting because it obeys an infinite number of conservation laws; it does not possess the Painlevé property.

The Dym equation has strong links to the Korteweg–de Vries equation. The Lax pair of the Harry Dym equation is associated with the Sturm–Liouville operator. The Liouville transformation transforms this operator isospectrally into the Schrödinger operator.[2] Thus by the inverse Liouville transformation solutions of the Korteweg–de Vries equation are transformed into solutions of the Dym equation. An explicit solution of the Dym equation, valid in a finite interval, is found by an auto-Bäcklund transform[2]

 u(t,x) = \left[ - 3 \alpha \left( x + 4 \alpha^2 t \right) \right]^{2/3} .


  1. ^ Martin Kruskal Nonlinear Wave Equations. In Jürgen Moser, editor, Dynamical Systems, Theory and Applications, volume 38 of Lecture Notes in Physics, pages 310–354. Heidelberg. Springer. 1975.
  2. ^ a b Fritz Gesztesy and Karl Unterkofler, Isospectral deformations for Sturm–Liouville and Dirac-type operators and associated nonlinear evolution equations, Rep. Math. Phys. 31 (1992), 113–137.


  • Kichenassamy, Satyanad (1996). Nonlinear wave equations. Marcel Dekker. ISBN 0-8247-9328-5. 
  • Olver, Peter J. (1993). Applications of Lie groups to differential equations, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-94007-3.