Dynów

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Dynów
Church
Church
Coat of arms of Dynów
Coat of arms
Dynów is located in Poland
Dynów
Dynów
Coordinates: 49°50′N 22°14′E / 49.833°N 22.233°E / 49.833; 22.233
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo podkarpackie flag.svg Subcarpathian
County Rzeszów
Gmina Dynów (urban gmina)
Government
 • Mayor Zygmunt Frańczak
Area
 • Total 24.41 km2 (9.42 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 6,076
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 36-065
Car plates RZE
Website http://www.dynow.pl

Dynów ([ˈdɨnuf]) (Ukrainian: Динів), Dyniv; lat. Dinoum, Dinow 1634, Dünow 1880, (Yiddish: דינאוו) is a town in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, with a population of 6,058 (02.06.2009).[1]

History[edit]

Dynow was first mentioned in written sources in 1423. At that time, together with other villages, it belonged to the noble Kmita family from Lesser Poland. In 1409, after the death of Voivode of Kraków, Piotr Kmita, the village was handed to his son, Piotr Lunak, who died in 1430. Dynow was granted town charter probably before 1429. In 1448, it became seat of a Roman Catholic parish, but remained a small town, located between two provinces of the Kingdom of Poland - Lesser Poland and Red Ruthenia.

In March 1657, Dynow was captured by Transilvanian army of George II Rakoczi, which burned the town, together with its churches and castle. In 1661, Dynow was plundered again, this time by mercenaries of Mikolaj Ossolinski, who fought his private war with owner of Dynow, Olbracht Grochowski. In 1667, the town was purchased by Castellan of Przemyśl, Marcin Konstanty Krasicki.

Following the first partition of Poland (1772) Dynow was annexed by the Habsburg Empire, and remained in Austrian Galicia until 1918. In the second half of the 19th century, a brewery and a small oil refinery were opened here. Most of Dynow’s residents were artisans, including masons, carpenters and weavers. In 1904, a narrow gauge rail line to Przeworsk was completed.

After World War One, Dynow returned to newly restored Poland, and until 1939, belonged to Lwow Voivodeship. In 1919, it lost its town charter. On September 13, 1939, the village was captured by German 5th Infantry Division (see Invasion of Poland). During World War Two, Dynow was an important center of the Home Army.

In 1946, Dynow regained its town charter.

Massacre during Second World War[edit]

During the German Invasion of Poland in 1939, Wehrmacht soldiers on the first day of Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah) mass murdered 200 Jewish civilians from the town. 150 Jews were mass murdered by machine guns after being taken away from the town on trucks. 50 Jews were burned alive in their prayer house.[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure by territorial division". © 1995-2009 Central Statistical Office 00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208. 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  2. ^ Szymon Datner "55 dni Wehrmachtu w Polsce" page 392

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°50′N 22°14′E / 49.833°N 22.233°E / 49.833; 22.233