Dyno Nobel

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Dyno Nobel
Type Public (ASXIPL)
Industry Explosives (Coal, Quarry & Construction, Metals & Coal Mining) & Chemicals (Agriculture & Industrial)[1]
Founded Norway 1865 [2]
Headquarters Brisbane, Australia & Cottonwood Heights, Utah, USA
Key people

James Fazzino, Managing Director & CEO, Incitec Pivot Limited
Simon Atkinson, President, Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific
Daniel McAtee, President, Dyno Nobel Americas
Frank Micallef, Chief Financial Officer
Jamie Rintel, President, Strategy & Business Development

Bernard Walsh, President, Global Manufacturing
Products Industrial / Commercial Explosives, Agriculture and Industrial Chemicals[1]

DNAP A$626.4 million (2012)[3]

DNA US$1,203.3 million (2012)[3]
Employees ~3,000 (2013)[2][4]
Parent Incitec Pivot Limited (IPL)
Subsidiaries Nitromak dnx Kimya Sanayii, dnx Drilling, Tradestar, DynoNobel Transportation
Website www.dynonobel.comwww.incitecpivot.com.au

Dyno Nobel is a manufacturer of explosives. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Incitec Pivot Limited, and has customers in the mining, quarry, construction, pipeline and geophysical exploration industries. The company operates in Australia, Canada, the United States, Africa, Indonesia, Mexico, South America, Papua New Guinea and Turkey.[2] Dyno Nobel manufactures a full line of commercial explosives, including ammonium nitrate, bulk explosives, package emulsions, dynamite, detonators (electric, nonelectric and electronic), cast boosters, and detonating cord, as well as surface and underground loading systems [5] and Portable Modular Emulsion Plants.[6] They provide the explosives used in coal and metal mining, quarry and construction as well as pipeline and seismic used for oil and gas exploration. The company also offers services including blast design, shot loading, shot service, vibration control, airblast, flyrock and NOx reduction, through DynoConsult,[7] a specialist consulting division. In 2012 Dyno Nobel had over a million tons of ammonium nitrate capacity and over 30 manufacturing facilities on two continents.[3]


Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel, Swedish dynamite inventor and founder of companies that laid the groundwork for Dyno Nobel

Dyno Nobel's history began in 1865 with Swedish dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel.[8] The company traces its roots back to Alfred Nobel's legacy of safety innovation (as demonstrated by his 300+ patents including dynamite and blasting caps)[9] and William Bickford's invention of safety fuse in 1831.[10] Dyno Nobel is proud of this legacy and boasts that its safety standards are among the highest in the industry.[1][11][12][13][14][15]

In 2003, Dyno Nobel ASA combined with the Ensign-Bickford Company. Dyno Nobel was restructured again in 2005[16][17] and by 2007 they had over 3,500 employees and 36 manufacturing facilities.[18] Australian agrochemical maker Incitec Pivot Limited (a ASX Top 50 company)[19] bought Dyno Nobel for A$3.3 billion in 2008.[4][19]

Inventions timeline[edit]

Throughout its history, Dyno Nobel has patented over 2,800 products with 230 patents currently in force.[20]

  • 1831 Safety fuse is invented by William Bickford, the founder of the Ensign-Bickford Company (today a part of Dyno Nobel), to replace black powder-filled cord. Mining safety increases dramatically.[21]
  • 1865 Alfred Nobel invents the first blasting cap.[8]
  • 1867 Alfred Nobel invents dynamite, a major advance in explosives safety and efficiency.[8]
  • 1876 Production of nitrocellulose starts as Nitroglycerin Compagniet (Alfred Nobel’s first company and forerunner of Nitro Nobel)
  • 1936 A flexible, textile-jacketed detonating cord, Primacord, is developed by the Ensign-Bickford Company (later part of Dyno Nobel)
  • 1956 Slurry (water-based) explosives are invented by Dr. Melvin Cook at IRECO (today part of Dyno Nobel).[22]
  • 1960’s IRECO (now Dyno Nobel) develops inert-until-mixed site mixed (SMS) pump truck systems for slurry explosives as well as small diameter packaged products.[23]
  • 1973 Nonelectric initiation system (Nonel) invented by Nitro Nobel, is launched to the demolitions market.
  • 1980 Dyno Nobel commercializes packaged and bulk emulsions, another type of water-based explosive.[24]
    Dyno Nobel Corporate Office in Salt Lake City, UT USA
    Dyno Nobel Corporate Office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah, USA
  • 1980’s & 1990’s Continuing development of nonelectric initiation systems by both the Ensign-Bickford Company and Dyno Nobel. Continuing development of bulk explosives delivery systems by Dyno Nobel.
  • 1999 DynoConsult, a specialist consulting division of Dyno Nobel, is formed.[5] Consultants work with customers in the areas of productivity and cost control, safety and security, education and training, information management, community relations and blasting.[25]
 Early IRECO Bulk Explosives Pump Truck
Early IRECO Bulk Explosives Pump Truck
  • 2000’s DetNet, a 50/50 Joint Venture partner develops electronic initiation system technologies aimed to enhance productivity, decrease environmental concerns, and increase safety and cost effectiveness on mine and quarry sites.[26]
  • 2001 DynoMiner™, an underground air-powered emulsion delivery system, is patented for mine development applications allowing for mine level access via a cage system.
  • 2003 A thickening bulk emulsion, Titan® is developed to: resist flow into borehole cracks, increase distribution of gassing chemicals, improve water resistance, create more intimate oxidizer/fuel mixture, stabilize emulsion, and increase gas-ability to lower densities.
  • 2005 End of Hose Gassing is invented. With this technology, all gassing takes place in the hole allowing the calculated rise of explosive product, reduced spills and increased pumping accuracy.
  • 2006 Dyno Nobel develops Portable Modular Emulsion Plants allowing for bulk emulsion production on-site, in remote locations.[27]
  • 2008 Jumbo Trucks are created which have the ability to produce 40,000 pounds of homogenized emulsion at a rate of 2,000 pounds per minute.
  • 2009 QUAD Trucks are specifically designed to provide a complete range of bulk explosive products direct to the blasthole, with segregated product bins and pump and auger systems mounted on the back, including solid fillers used to reduce the density of the final explosive product.
  • 2012 Dyno Nobel develops Differential Energy, a proprietary method for controlling the explosive energy profile in the borehole.[28]

Mergers and acquisitions[edit]

  • 1984 Dyno Nobel acquires IRECO(operations in USA, Canada, Brazil, Chile) forming Dyno Nobel Americas. IRECO changes its name to Dyno Nobel Inc, in 1993.[29]
  • 1985 Dyno Nobel Americas acquires Hercules'[30][31]
  • 1986 Dyno Nobel acquires Nitro Nobel with operations in Sweden, Philippines, India, Australia and Malaysia
  • 1988 Dyno Wesfarmers Ltd.[32] is formed in Australia
  • 1996 Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific is established. Dyno Noble acquires the remaining 50% share in Dyno Wesfarmers Ltd.[33]
  • 1997 Dyno Nobel forms a joint venture with Tec Harseim[34] in South America creating Dyno Nobel Chile.
  • 2000 The new Dyno Nobel is formed, becoming a fully focused explosives organization.
    Dyno Nobel Manufacturing Plant in Simsbury CT, USA
    Dyno Nobel Manufacturing Plant in Simsbury CT, USA
    Dyno Nobel Latin America is formed. Queensland Nitrates (QNP) commenced production,[35] Industri Kapital (IK) acquires Dyno Nobel (Dyno ASA) from the Oslo Stock Exchange and subsequently sells the non-explosives parts of Dyno Nobel.[36]
  • 2003 Dyno Nobel acquires El Paso Corporation’s nitrogen assets in Cheyenne Wyoming, St. Helens Oregon, and Battle Mountain, Nevada.[37] Dyno Nobel acquired assets of The Ensign-Bickford Company. Dyno Nobel acquires El Paso’s nitrogen assets – increasing AN production to over 1 million tons globally.[38]
  • 2004 Dyno Nobel Canada, a joint venture, is created by consolidating Dyno Nobel Ltd., Dyno Nobel Titan and Western Explosives.[39] Dyno Nobel creates a 50/50 Joint Venture with DetNet.[40][41] Dyno Nobel solidifies its nitrogen products position in the western United States with the acquisition of El Paso’s North America assets (Cheyenne, Wyoming; Battle Mountain, Nevada; St. Helens, Oregon)
  • 2005 Industri Kapital sells Dyno Nobel to a consortium of investors led by Macquarie Bank. Macquarie subsequently divests Dyno Nobel’s European, Latin American and Asian assets.[17] Dyno Nobel acquires the remaining shares of Dyno Nobel Canada which becomes a new business unit of Dyno Nobel Ltd. Dyno Nobel creates Dyno Nobel Nitrogen, Inc. in eastern Canada with the purchase of the Nitrochem Corporations nitrogen assets in Maitland, Ontario[42]
  • 2006 Dyno Nobel acquires St. Lawrence Explosives (Adams Center, New York) and Hall Explosives (Hershey, Pennsylvania), formerly joint venture partners. Dyno Nobel acquires Dyno East Kentucky (dba Mountain Valley Explosives) (Allen, Kentucky), formerly a joint venture partner. Dyno Nobel becomes a publicly owned company when Macquarie lists it on the Australian Stock Exchange.[43]
    Dyno Nobel Explosives Manufacturing Site at Dinamita, Gomez Palacio, Mexico
    Dyno Nobel Explosives Manufacturing Site at Dinamita, Gomez Palacio, Mexico
    Dyno Nobel acquires the ETI Holding (formerly DuPont) explosives business in the U.S. and Canada.[44] Dyno Nobel sells a portion of the Missouri assets of Explosives Energies (formerly an ETI owned distributor) to Buckley Powder, a Dyno Nobel joint venture partner.[45] Dyno Nobel sells the California assets of Golden State Explosives (formerly an ETI owned distributor) to Alpha Dyno Nobel, a Dyno Nobel joint venture partner. Dyno Nobel augments its position in Canada with 100% ownership in Dyno Nobel Canada Inc. (DNCI)Orica completes acquisition of Dyno Nobel Europe and Dyno Nobel Latin America.[46] Dyno Nobel announces expansion at the Cheyenne, Wyoming ammonium nitrate production facility intended to serve growth in the nearby Powder River Basin.[18]
  • 2007 Dyno Nobel Acquires 29.9% of Fabhem China Ltd.[47]
  • 2008 Incitec Pivot acquires 100% of Dyno Nobel.[3]
  • 2010 Incitec Pivot Limited acquires 100% of Nitromak dnx and opens an electronic detonator manufacturing plant in Chile.[48]
  • 2012 Dyno Nobel International is formed for international Dyno Nobel business development outside of Asia Pacific and North America, including Europe, China, South America, Central America, Africa, Turkey, Albania, Romania, Finland, Chile and Mexico.[2]

Company organization[edit]

Dyno Nobel Manufacturing/Distribution, Joint Ventures/Investments & Corporate Headquarters - Americas
Dyno Nobel Manufacturing/Distribution, Joint Ventures/Investments & Corporate Headquarters

Dyno Nobel is organized into two groups, Dyno Americas and Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific.

Dyno Nobel Americas (DNA)[edit]

Dyno Nobel Americas (DNA) supplies industrial explosives and blasting services to the mining, quarrying and construction industries in North America, the largest explosives market in the world, as well Mexico and Chile.[16] DNA also supplies nitrogen based products to agricultural and industrial chemical markets.”[1]

Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific (DNAP)[edit]

Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific (DNAP) supplies industrial explosives and blasting services to the mining industry in Australia, Europe, China, Africa, Turkey, Albania, Romania, Finland, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. In particular, DNAP supplies surface and underground mining in the thermal coal, metallurgical coal, iron ore and other metals sectors. DNAP is the second largest supplier in Australia[49] – the third largest explosives market in the world.” [1]


In 2010, Dyno Nobel’s owners, Incitec Pivot Limited, approved a sustainability strategy that extends to workplace health and safety, environmental impacts, resource efficiency, community impact and engagement, as well as labor practices and products and services. In the 2012 Sustainability Report IPL states, “Sustainable growth requires us to balance our economic performance with our environmental and social responsibilities which include being a good corporate citizen and operating ethically.”[1]

Health and safety[edit]

In 2012, the IPL Board and Executive Team consolidated the companies approach to workplace health and safety and developed a five year Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) strategy designed to prevent all workplace injuries, illnesses and environmental incidents. New leadership positions and governance structures were created to support the implementation and group-wide safety targets and requirements were developed. James Fazzino, IPL President and CEO, stated, “Like everyone at IPL, I am responsible for delivering on our Value of Zero Harm for Everyone Everywhere. The safety of our people is my number one priority as CEO and an area in which our performance must improve.” IPL reported a Total Recordable Injury Frequency Rate (TRIFR)[50] in 2012 of 1.45 against a goal of less than 1.0. IPL's 2012 Sustainability Report stated, “While the severity of incidents has reduced, this represents an almost 17% increase over last year’s result, which is disappointing.”[1]


IPL released its first Community Investment Framework in 2102 which established investment guidelines across its sites to include two new community investment programs – the Community Fund and Dollar for Dollar (a corporate/employee donation matching program), a constructive dialogue with the communities neighboring their major development projects in Australia and the USA, and an expanded employment program. IPL reported a 38% increase in community contributions from 2011 to 2012.[1]


In 2012, IPL established reduction targets for its Australian manufacturing operations for greenhouse gas emissions, water use, natural gas use for energy, and waste to landfill. They claim they are working to establish a baseline for future efficiency targets through gathering data from the global operations for energy use, water use and waste. They investigated the use of recycled or renewable materials such as green waste and bio-fuels as bulking agents in explosive manufacturing, replacing virgin materials. The company conducted trials in Australia and Indonesia to incorporate waste oil into the fuel phase emulsion explosive product and researched products and blasting methods to reduce the nitrogen oxides (NOx) produced during explosive blasting activities. [1]

Recruitment and training[edit]

During 2012 the number of female employees increased from 17% to 21% and five female graduates were recruited from the 2013 program, representing over a third of the total graduate intake. However, no female graduates were recruited for the 2012 program.[1] In comparison, the national average for women in the workplace in the United States was 47%(2010)[51] and 46% in Australia (2013).[52]


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  39. ^ Coal Age 107 (7): 62. 2002. 
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  45. ^ "About Us". Buckley Powder. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  46. ^ "Orica Completes Dyno Nobel Acquisition". Orica.com. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
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  51. ^ "Women in the Labor Force in 2010". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  52. ^ "Women in the Australian Workplace". Parliament Flag Post. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 

External links[edit]