Dzerzhinsky, Moscow Oblast

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Dzerzhinsky (English)
Дзержинский (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Dzerzhinsky is located in Moscow Oblast
Dzerzhinsky
Dzerzhinsky
Location of Dzerzhinsky in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°38′N 37°51′E / 55.633°N 37.850°E / 55.633; 37.850Coordinates: 55°38′N 37°51′E / 55.633°N 37.850°E / 55.633; 37.850
Coat of Arms of Dzerzhinsky (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Dzerzhinsky (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Dzerzhinsky Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Dzerzhinsky Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Urban okrug Dzerzhinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Dzerzhinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Area (urban okrug) (July 2012) 15.66 km2 (6.05 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 47,163 inhabitants[3]
Density 3,012 /km2 (7,800 /sq mi)[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Town status since 1981[citation needed]
Official website
Dzerzhinsky on WikiCommons

Dzerzhinsky (Russian: Дзержи́нский) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Moskva River, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) south of the city of Lyubertsy. The western part of Dzerzhinsky borders with the territory of the federal city of Moscow. Population: 47,163 (2010 Census);[3] 41,488 (2002 Census);[6] 36,108 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

St. Nicholas Monastery[edit]

Main article: Ugresha Monastery
The Monastery of St. Nicholas

The settlement has grown around the Ugresha Monastery which stands at the heart of the modern town. The monastery has been one of the richest in Russia since the 17th century when Tsar Alexis and Patriarch Nikon built their palaces on the grounds. It was greatly expanded in the 19th century, under the supervision of St. Pimen of Ugreshi. One of the new churches in the monastery is dedicated to St. Pimen. The walled area of the monastery has several picturesque ponds.

Modern history[edit]

After the October Revolution of 1917, in an effort to fight child homelessness, the monastery was reorganized into a children labor colony in 1920. The colony was later transformed into a labor commune by Felix Dzerzhinsky. In 1921, the colony spread outside the boundaries of the former monastery and an official settlement was established. In 1938, it was granted urban-type settlement status, just after the commune had dissolved. Town status was granted to Dzerzhinsky in 1981.[citation needed]

On March 31, 2006, Viktor Dorkin, the head of the Local Government Board, was shot and killed.[1] Investigation stated that he was assassinated because of his professional career. One killer was detained before May 5, 2006.[2]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the administrative divisions framework, it is incorporated as Dzerzhinsky Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Dzerzhinsky Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Dzerzhinsky Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's industry comprises Heat and Power Central #22 (ТЭЦ-22, CHP-22), a reinforced concrete constructions factory, and military chemical industry [3].

Transportation[edit]

Lyubertsy–Dzerzhinsky railway is used for cargo transportation only. The passenger line was dismantled due to inefficiency.

Culture and education[edit]

Six secondary schools and one professional school operate in the town, as well as a musical school and a school of arts. Dzerzhinsky has a local newspaper,"Ugreshskiye Vesti" («Угре́шские вести», "Ugresh news").

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Dzerzhinsky is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #133/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  1. ^ Dzerzhinsky mayor shot dead by two killers, Wikinews (English)
  2. ^ Police in Moscow Oblast arrest one suspect in mayor's murder, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty: Newsline 06-05-05 [4] (English)

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №24/2014-ОЗ от 21 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #24/2014-OZ of March 21, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №133/2004-ОЗ от 29 октября 2004 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Дзержинский», в ред. Закона №94/2012-ОЗ от 3 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Дзержинский"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №216, 13 ноября 2004 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #133/2004-OZ of October 29, 2004 On the Status and the Border of Dzerzhinsky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #94/2012-OZ of July 3, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Dzerzhinsky Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).