Durdzuks

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The Durdzuks (Georgian: დურძუკები) or Dzurdzuks was a Georgian name from The Georgian Chronicles used to describe the people in the North Caucasus, possibly the Nakh peoples.[1]

According to the Georgian royal annals:

Leonti Mroveli's Georgian Chronicles include mention of a people called the Nakhchmateans who are among the progenitors of the modern Vainakh.[4] According to Mroveli, these Nakhchmateans were descendents of a mythical progenitor, Targamos, who moved into the North Caucasus with his sons. His eldest and noblest son, Kavkasos, was entrusted with the Central Caucasus, and one of Kavkasos' descendents, Durdzuk took residence in a mountainous region and established a strong state called "Durdzuketia" in the fourth and third centuries BCE, giving his people the name "Durdzuks".[4]

In the Armenian Chronicles, meanwhile, the Durdzuks are mentioned fighting off a Scythian invasion of their territory, after which they became a significant power in the area. They allied themselves with Georgia, and helped the first Georgian king Pharnavaz I of Iberia consolidate his reign against his unruly vassals. The alliance with Georgia was cemented when King Pharnavaz married a Durdzuk girl.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Z. Anchabadze, Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Volume 3, page 657, Tbilisi, 1978
  2. ^ Georgian royal annals, Life of Kartli, 2-20
  3. ^ Georgian royal annals, Life of Kartli, 2-23
  4. ^ a b c Jaimoukha, Amjad. The Chechens: A Handbook. Page 31.
  5. ^ Anchabadze, George. The Vainakhs. Page 19.
  6. ^ Pharnavaz I of Iberia
  7. ^ Georgian royal annals, Life of Kartli, Invasion of Alexander the Great and the Pharnavazid Kings, 3-47

Further reading[edit]

  • Гамрекели В. Н., Двалы и Двалетия в I-XV вв. н. э., Тб., 1961
  • Шавхелишвили А. И., Из истории взаимоотношений между грузинским и чечено-ингушским народами (С древнейших времён до ХV века), Грозный, 1963