E&F Miler Industries

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E&F Miler Industries
Type Private
Industry Roller coaster manufacturing
Predecessors Miler Manufacturing
Miler Coaster, Inc.
Founded Portland, Oregon, United States (late 1940s)
Founders Carl Miler
Headquarters Portland, Oregon, United States
Area served North America
Key people Fred Miler, Eric Miler
Owners Fred Miler
Website www.miler-ind.com

E&F Miler Industries (formerly Miler Coaster, Inc. and Miler Manufacturing) is a family-owned roller coaster manufacturing firm based in Portland, Oregon, United States. The company specialises in smaller children's roller coasters; however, it has manufactured some larger family roller coasters in the past.

History[edit]

In the late 1940s Carl Miler founded Miler Manufacturing. The company built a variety steel roller coasters aimed at children and families such as Wild Mouse roller coasters.[1][2] Miler Manufacturing roller coasters were popular in the 1950s.[3] Production of new roller coasters by Miler Manufacturing stopped in the mid 1970s.[2]

Carl Miler's son, Fred Miler, reopened Miler Manufacturing in 1989.[3] The company changed its name to Miler Coaster, Inc. in 1992 when its first new roller coaster was built.[4][5] The company's name was later changed to E&F Miler Industries.[6] As of 2013, Fred Miler operates the company with his son, Eric Miler.[4][6]

Installations[edit]

E&F Miler Industries have manufactured a total of 54 roller coasters which have operated at 74 different locations.[6] This is in addition to the 23 roller coasters built under the Miler Manufacturing name.[1] Aside from installing new roller coasters, E&F Miler Industries has performed work on restoring some of Miler Manufacturing's original rides.[3] The majority of the company's contracts come from the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions' (IAAPA) annual trade show.[3][7]

E&F Miler Industries / Miler Coaster, Inc.[edit]

Ride name Park Location Opened Status Type Ref(s)
Bear Trax Seabreeze Amusement Park United States New York, United States 1997 Operating Kiddie [8]
Big Timber Log Ride Enchanted Forest United States Oregon, United States 1996 Operating Water Coaster [9]
Blazin' Buckaroo
Marvel Mania
Elitch Gardens Theme Park
Alabama Adventure
United States Colorado, United States
United States Alabama, United States
2013
1998
Under construction
Closed in 2011
Family [10][11]
Bubbles The Coaster Storybook Land United States New Jersey, United States 2000 Operating Family [12]
Canyon Blaster Six Flags Magic Mountain United States California, United States 1999 Operating Family [13]
Dare Devil Boomers Family Fun Center United States California, United States 1993 Closed in 2001-02 Family [14]
Diamond Mine Run Magic Springs and Crystal Falls United States Arkansas, United States 2000 Operating Family [15]
Dive to Atlantis Mt. Olympus Water & Theme Park United States Wisconsin, United States 2004 Closed in 2007 Water Coaster [16]
Dragon Peter Piper Pizza United States Nevada, United States 2001 Closed in 2009 Family [17]
Freeway Coaster Adventure City United States California, United States 1994 Operating Kiddie [3][18]
Funtown Family Coaster Funtown Pier United States New Jersey, United States 2004 2012 Family [19]
Gold Rush Express Six Gun City United States New Hampshire, United States 2005 Operating Family [20]
Great Chase Six Flags New England United States Massachusetts, United States 1996 Operating Family [21]
The Great Pumpkin Coaster Kings Island United States Ohio, United States 1992 Operating Kiddie [22]
The Great Pumpkin Coaster Kings Dominion United States Virginia, United States 1997 Operating Kiddie [23]
Haunted Roller Coaster Planet Fun United States Maryland, United States 1996 Closed in 2009 Family [24]
Kersplash Puyallup Fair United States Washington, United States 1995 Operating Water Coaster [25][26]
Kettle Creek Mine Playland Canada Vancouver, Canada 2004 Operating Family [27]
Kiddie Coaster
Boa Squeeze
Boa Squeeze
Fun Spot USA
Enchanted Forest
Wonderpark
United States Florida, United States
United States Illinois, United States
United States Ohio, United States
2012
2010
2001
Operating
Closed in 2011
Closed in 2008
Family [28][29][30]
Kozmo's Kurves Knoebels Amusement Resort United States Pennsylvania, United States 2009 Operating Family [31]
Little Titans Mt. Olympus Water & Theme Park United States Wisconsin, United States 2000 Operating Family [32][33][34][35]
Loco-Loco
Harvest Express Coaster
Dixie Landin'
Nut Tree Park
United States Louisiana, United States
United States California, United States
2010
2006
Operating
Closed in 2008
Family [36][37]
Lucy's Crabbie Cabbie Carowinds United States North Carolina, United States 1998 Operating Kiddie [38]
Mine-Twister
Python Pit
Python Pit
Remlinger Farms
Jeepers
Jeepers
United States Washington, United States
United States Clinton Township, Michigan, United States
United States Roseville, Michigan, United States
2012
2007
1997
Operating
Closed in 2012
Closed in 2006
Family [39][40][41]
Miner Coaster Western Playland United States New Mexico, United States 2006 Operating Family [42]
Pacific Fruit Express Happy Hollow Park & Zoo United States California, United States 2010 Operating Family [43]
Python
Python
Python Pit
Spring Park
Nashville Valley Amusement Park
Jeepers
United States Alabama, United States
United States Tennessee, United States
United States Livonia, Michigan, United States
2005
2003
1998
Operating
Closed in 2004
Closed in 2003
Family [44][45][46]
Python Pit Go Bananas United States Illinois, United States 1997 Operating Family [47]
Python Pit Zonkers United States Kansas, United States 1997 Operating Family [48]
Python Pit Jeepers United States Albany, New York, United States 1997 Closed in 2010 Family [49]
Python Pit Jeepers United States Methuen, Massachusetts, United States 1999 Closed in 2000 Family [50]
Python Pit Jeepers United States Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States 1998 Operating Family [51]
Python Pit
Python Pit
Python Pit
Go-Karts Plus
Jeepers
Jeepers
United States Virginia, United States
United States Gastonia, North Carolina, United States
United States Cleveland, Ohio, United States
2007
2004
1998
Operating
Closed in 2005
Closed in 2004
Family [52][53][54]
Python Pit Roller Coaster
Python Pit
Python Pit
Amusement Park at Heritage Square
Jeepers
Jeepers
United States Colorado, United States
United States Concord, North Carolina, United States
United States Buffalo, New York, United States
2007
2000
1999
Operating
Closed in 2006
Closed in 1999
Family [55][56][57]
Ravine Flyer III Waldameer Park United States Pennsylvania, United States 2000 Operating Family [33][58]
Roller Coaster
Midnight Express
Python Pit
Country Mercantile
Krazy City
Jeepers
United States Washington, United States
United States New York, United States
United States New York, United States
2010
2006
1998
Operating
Closed in 2009-10
Closed in 2006
Family [59][60][61]
Scream'n Eagle
Wildcat
Fun Junction USA
Wild Island
United States Georgia, United States
United States Nevada, United States
2007
2002
Operating
Closed in 2006
[62][63]
Screamer Scandia Amusement Park United States California, United States 1995 Operating [64]
Sea Serpent Keansburg Amusement Park United States New Jersey, United States 1998 Operating Kiddie [65]
Sea Serpent Deno's Wonder Wheel Amusement Park United States New York, United States 1999 Operating Family [66]
Sea Serpent Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk United States California, United States 2000 Operating Family [67][68]
Sea Serpent
Python Pit
That Fun Place United States Indiana, United States
United States Parkville, Maryland, United States
2008
1996
Operating
Closed in 2007
Family [69][70]
Sparetime Express
Python Pit
Neb's Funworld
Jeepers
Canada Ontario, Canada
United States Rockville, Maryland, United States
2012
1996
Operating
Closed in 2007
Family [71][72]
Star Jet Casino Pier United States New Jersey, United States 2002 Closed in 2012 [73][74]
Taxi Jam Canada's Wonderland Canada Ontario, Canada 1998 Operating Kiddie [75]
Taxi Jam California's Great America United States California, United States 1999 Operating Kiddie [76]
Thriller Land of Make Believe United States New Jersey, United States 1994 Operating Kiddie [77]
Viking Voyage
Jack Rabbit
Wild Adventures
Celebration City
United States Georgia, United States
United States Missouri, United States
2010
2003
Operating
Closed in 2008
[78][79][80]
Wild Mouse Casino Pier United States New Jersey, United States 1999 Operating Wild Mouse [81]
Zoom Oaks Amusement Park United States Oregon, United States 1999 Operating Family [82]
unknown
Boa Squeeze
unknown
WonderPark
India India
Puerto Rico Bayamón, Puerto Rico
unknown
2000
Operating
Closed in 2009
Family [83]
unknown
Boa Squeeze
unknown
WonderPark
India India
Puerto Rico Carolina, Puerto Rico
unknown
2001
Operating
Closed in 2009
Family [84]
unknown
Python Pit
Flushing Meadows Corona Park
Jeepers
United States New York, United States
United States Southfield, Michigan, United States
2013
1999
Under construction
Closed in 2012
Family [85][86]
Sea Serpent
Sea Serpent
Fun Spot America
Playland's Castaway Cove
United States Florida, United States
United States New Jersey, United States
2013
1997
Operating
Closed in 2012
Family [87][88]

Miler Manufacturing[edit]

Ride name Park Location Opened Status Type Ref(s)
Cyclone
Wild Mouse
Wild Mouse
Wonderland Park
Funtown
Springlake Amusement Park
United States Texas, United States
United States Georgia, United States
United States Oklahoma, United States
1968
1961
1960
Operating
Closed in 1966
Closed in 1960
Wild Mouse [89][90][91]
Dipsy Doodle Joyland Amusement Park United States Texas, United States Unknown Operating Kiddie [92]
Gravity Roller Coaster
World's Largest Portable Roller Coaster
Schnepf Farms
unknown
United States Arizona, United States
United States Portable roller coaster visiting Royal American Shows
2007
1953
Operating
Closed
Family [93][94]
Hi-Miler Playland at the Beach United States California, United States 1971 Closed in 1972 Family [95]
Kiddie Coaster
Roller Coaster
Williams Grove Amusement Park
Fantasy Farm Amusement Park
United States Pennsylvania, United States
United States Ohio, United States
1992
1963
Closed in 2005
Closed in 1991
Kiddie [96][97]
Kiddie Coaster Lakeside Amusement Park United States Colorado, United States unknown Operating Kiddie [98]
Kiddie Coaster Como Town United States Minnesota, United States 1975 Closed in 2001 Kiddie [99]
Kiddie Dipper Jantzen Beach United States Oregon, United States 1947 Closed in 1969 Kiddie [100]
Kiddy Roller Coaster
Pocono Lightning
Pocono Lightning
unknown
Moss Hollow Creek Family Park
Pocono Play Park
Pocono Play Park
unknown
United States Pennsylvania, United States
United States East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States
United States Bartonsville, Pennsylvania, United States
United States Portable roller coaster in the United States
Never operated
2008
1999
unknown
Never operated
Closed in 2008
Closed in 2005
unknown
Kiddie [101][102][103]
Little Coaster Arnolds Park United States Iowa, United States unknown Operating Kiddie [104]
Little Dipper Castle Amusement Park United States California, United States unknown Operating Kiddie [105]
Mighty Mouse
Mighty Mouse
unknown
Funtown Pier
Playland's Castaway Cove
unknown
United States New Jersey, United States
United States New Jersey, United States
United States Portable roller coaster in the United States
2005
1996
unknown
Closed in 2012
Closed in 2004
Closed in 1959
Wild Mouse [106][107]
Mine Twister
unknown
Remlinger Farms
unknown
United States Washington, United States
unknown
1996
unknown
Closed in 2012
unknown
Kiddie [108]
Mini-Comet Hersheypark United States Pennsylvania, United States 1975 1978-79 Kiddie [109]
Roller Coaster Fun Town at Micke Grove United States California, United States unknown Operating Kiddie [110]
Roller Coaster Blackbeard's Family Entertainment Center United States California, United States unknown Operating Kiddie [111]
Rolling Thunder Tahoe Amusement Park United States California, United States unknown Closed in 2008 Kiddie [112]
Rolling Thunder Funtrackers United States Texas, United States 2000 Closed in 2005-06 Family [113]
Santa's Runaway Sleigh
unknown
Yesterland Farm
unknown
United States Texas, United States
United States Portable roller coaster with various companies in the United States
2009
1951
Operating
Closed
Kiddie [114]
Tree Top Racers
unknown
Adventure City
Midway Amusements
United States California, United States
Australia Portable roller coaster in Australia
1999
unknown
Closed in 2012
Closed in 1997
Wild Mouse [3][115]
Wild Chipmunk Lakeside Amusement Park United States Colorado, United States 1955 Operating Wild Mouse [116][117]
Wild Mouse Funtown United States Georgia, United States 1961 1961-66 Wild Mouse [90]
World's Largest Portable Roller Coaster Playland at the Beach United States California, United States 1960s Closed in 1970 Family [118]
unknown Playland at the Beach United States California, United States unknown Closed Kiddie [119]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Miler Manufacturing". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster Search Results  (Miler Manufacturing)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Emmons, Natasha (12 July 1999). "Adventure City excited about new classic ride to join park arsenal". Amusement Business 111 (28): 57. 
  4. ^ a b Miler, Aaron (2 December 2011). "Welcome to E&F Miler Industries". E&F Miler Industries. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster Search Results  (E&F Miler Industries)". Roller Coaster DataBase. 
  6. ^ a b c Marden, Duane. "E&F Miler Industries  (Portland, Oregon, USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "IAAPA Attractions Expo – still no.1!". Park World Magazine (Datateam Business Media Limited). 26 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bear Trax  (Seabreeze)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Marden, Duane. "Big Timber Log Ride  (Enchanted Forest)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Marden, Duane. "Blazin' Buckaroo  (Elitch Gardens)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  11. ^ Marden, Duane. "Marvel Mania  (Splash Adventure)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Marden, Duane. "Bubbles The Coaster  (Storybook Land)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Marden, Duane. "Canyon Blaster  (Six Flags Magic Mountain)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  14. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dare Devil  (Boomers Family Fun Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  15. ^ Marden, Duane. "Diamond Mine Run  (Magic Springs & Crystal Falls)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  16. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dive to Atlantis  (Mt. Olympus Water & Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  17. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dragon  (Peter Piper Pizza)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  18. ^ Marden, Duane. "Freeway Coaster  (Adventure City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  19. ^ Marden, Duane. "Funtown Family Coaster  (Funtown Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  20. ^ Marden, Duane. "Gold Rush Express  (Six Gun City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  21. ^ Marden, Duane. "Great Chase  (Six Flags New England)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  22. ^ Marden, Duane. "Great Pumpkin Coaster  (Kings Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  23. ^ Marden, Duane. "Great Pumpkin Coaster  (Kings Dominion)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  24. ^ Marden, Duane. "Haunted Roller Coaster  (Planet Fun)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  25. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kersplash  (Puyallup Fair)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  26. ^ Ray, Susan (4–10 April 1994). "Burback producing event; Son running ride division". Amusement Business 106 (14): 40. 
  27. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kettle Creek Mine  (Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  28. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddie Coaster  (Fun Spot USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  29. ^ Marden, Duane. "Boa Squeeze  (Enchanted Forest)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  30. ^ Marden, Duane. "Boa Squeeze  (Wonderpark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  31. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kosmo's Kurves  (Knoebels Amusement Park & Resort)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  32. ^ Marden, Duane. "Little Titans  (Mt. Olympus Water & Theme Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  33. ^ a b O'Brien, Tim (8 May 2000). "With more than 75 coasters on the way, 2000 looks to have many more ups than downs". Amusement Business 112 (19): 13. 
  34. ^ Barbieri, Kelly (7 August 2000). "Big Chief Karts & Coasters adds on new kiddie park". Amusement Business 112 (32): 13. 
  35. ^ Ruben, Paul (1 April 2011). "Counting Coasters". Park World Magazine (Datateam Business Media Limited). 
  36. ^ Marden, Duane. "Loco Loco  (Dixie Landin')". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  37. ^ Marden, Duane. "Harvest Express Coaster  (Nut Tree Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  38. ^ Marden, Duane. "Lucy's Crabbie Cabbie  (Carowinds)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  39. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mine-Twister  (Remlinger Farms)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  40. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  41. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  42. ^ Marden, Duane. "Miner Coaster  (Western Playland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  43. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pacific Fruit Express  (Happy Hollow Park and Zoo)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  44. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  45. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  46. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  47. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Go Bananas)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  48. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Zonkers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  49. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  50. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  51. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  52. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Go-Karts Plus)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  53. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  54. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  55. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit Roller Coaster  (Amusement Park at Heritage Square)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  56. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  57. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  58. ^ Marden, Duane. "Ravine Flyer 3  (Waldameer)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  59. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Country Mercantile)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  60. ^ Marden, Duane. "Midnight Express  (Krazy City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  61. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  62. ^ Marden, Duane. "Scream'n Eagle  (Fun Junction USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  63. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wildcat  (Wild Island)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  64. ^ Marden, Duane. "Screamer  (Scandia Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  65. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Serpent  (Keansburg Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  66. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Serpent  (Deno's Wonder Wheel Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  67. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Serpent  (Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  68. ^ Emmons, Natasha (19 June 2000). "Santa Cruz Boardwalk upgrades cave train". Amusement Journal 112 (25): 20. 
  69. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Serpent  (That Fun Place)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  70. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  71. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sparetime Express  (Neb's Funworld)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  72. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  73. ^ "Superstorm Sandy devastates Jersey Shore parks". Park World Magazine (Datateam Business Media Limited). 2 November 2012. 
  74. ^ Marden, Duane. "Star Jet  (Casino Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  75. ^ Marden, Duane. "Taxi Jam  (Canada's Wonderland)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  76. ^ Marden, Duane. "Taxi Jam  (California's Great America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  77. ^ Marden, Duane. "Thriller  (Land of Make Believe)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  78. ^ Marden, Duane. "Viking Voyage  (Wild Adventures)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  79. ^ Marden, Duane. "Jack Rabbit  (Celebration City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  80. ^ O'Brien, Tim (30 June 2003). "'Celebration' picking up steam in Branson". Amusement Business 115 (26): 3. 
  81. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wild Mouse  (Casino Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  82. ^ Marden, Duane. "Zoooooom  (Oaks Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  83. ^ Marden, Duane. "Boa Squeeze  (WonderPark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  84. ^ Marden, Duane. "Boa Squeeze  (WonderPark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  85. ^ Marden, Duane. "unknown  (Flushing Meadows Corona Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  86. ^ Marden, Duane. "Python Pit  (Jeepers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  87. ^ Marden, Duane. "unknown  (Fun Spot America)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  88. ^ Marden, Duane. "Sea Serpent  (Playland's Castaway Cove)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  89. ^ Marden, Duane. "Cyclone  (Wonderland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  90. ^ a b Marden, Duane. "Wild Mouse  (Funtown)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  91. ^ Marden, Duane. "Wild Mouse  (Springlake Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  92. ^ Marden, Duane. "Dipsy Doodle  (Joyland Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  93. ^ Marden, Duane. "Gravity Roller Coaster  (Schnepf Farms)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  94. ^ Marden, Duane. "World's Largest Portable Roller Coaster - All Models - Miler Manufacturing  (Portland, Oregon, USA)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  95. ^ Marden, Duane. "Hi-Miler  (Playland at the Beach)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  96. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddie Coaster  (Williams Grove Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  97. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Fantasy Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  98. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddie Coaster  (Lakeside Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  99. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddie Coaster  (Como Town)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  100. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddie Dipper  (Jantzen Beach Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  101. ^ Marden, Duane. "Kiddy Roller Coaster  (Moss Hollow Creek Family Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  102. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pocono Lightning  (Pocono Play Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  103. ^ Marden, Duane. "Pocono Lightning  (Pocono Play Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  104. ^ Marden, Duane. "Little Coaster  (Arnolds Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  105. ^ Marden, Duane. "Little Dipper  (Castle Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  106. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mighty Mouse  (Funtown Pier)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  107. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mighty Mouse  (Playland's Castaway Cove)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  108. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mine Twister  (Remlinger Farms)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  109. ^ Marden, Duane. "Mini-Comet  (Hersheypark)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  110. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Fun Town at Micke Grove)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  111. ^ Marden, Duane. "Roller Coaster  (Blackbeard's Family Entertainment Center)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  112. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rolling Thunder  (Tahoe Amusement Park)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  113. ^ Marden, Duane. "Rolling Thunder  (Funtrackers)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  114. ^ Marden, Duane. "Santa's Runaway Sleigh  (Yesterland Farm)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  115. ^ Marden, Duane. "Tree Top Racers  (Adventure City)". Roller Coaster DataBase. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
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