E-470

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E-470 marker

E-470
Route information
Maintained by E-470 Public Highway Authority
Length: 46.950 mi[1] (75.559 km)
Existed: 1991 – present
Major junctions
South end: I‑25 / US 87 / SH 470 in Lone Tree
 

I‑70 / US 36 / US 40 / US 287 in Aurora
I‑76 / US 6 in Commerce City

US 85 in Brighton
North end: I‑25 / US 87 / Northwest Parkway in Thornton
Highway system
Colorado State Highways
SH 470 US 491

E-470 is a 47-mile-long (76 km) controlled-access toll road traversing the eastern portion of the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area in the US state of Colorado. The toll road is not a state highway, but is instead owned and maintained by the E-470 Public Highway Authority, which is controlled by a governing board of eight elected officials of local governments. Construction and operation involves no state or federal funding or taxes. As of 2013, 85% of its revenues were derived from tolls.

Route description[edit]

The tollway begins at the I-25 / SH 470 interchange in Lone Tree and runs east and north through Aurora, intersecting with I-70. The highway continues north, passing west of Denver International Airport to connect with I-76 in Brighton and Commerce City before curving west and ending at an interchange with I-25 and the Northwest Parkway in Thornton.

The 470 beltway[edit]

E-470 is the eastern portion of what was originally conceived as I-470, an outer beltway for metropolitan Denver. The quasi-government entity that manages the highway, the E-470 Public Highway Authority, consists of eight member jurisdictions: Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties and the cities of Aurora, Brighton, Commerce City, Thornton, and the town of Parker. In addition to all of these jurisdictions, E-470 also passes through the City and County of Denver near Denver International Airport. Affiliate, non-voting members of the Authority, which the highway does not directly serve, are the cities of Arvada and Greeley, and Weld County and the City and County of Broomfield. Ex-officio members are the Colorado Department of Transportation, the Denver Regional Council of Governments and the Regional Transportation District. The authority is headquartered in Aurora.

Tolls[edit]

The toll rate on E-470, roughly 36 cents per mile, is one of the highest rates of any toll road in the United States.[2][3] There are five toll stations along the 47-mile (76 km) route and the average toll to pass each is $3.33.[2] Traveling the entire length of the road from I-25 in the north to I-25 in the south (or vice versa) costs $13.25 for ExpressToll customers, and $16.65 for those without a transponder. The toll stations no longer accept cash; E-470 was one of the first highways in the United States to implement full highway-speed electronic tolling.[4] Cameras at each station photograph the front and rear license plate of each vehicle. A bill is mailed after approximately 30 days to the registered owner of the vehicle in accordance with C.R.S 43-4-506.5 (6)(a).[5] Failure to pay the bill on time results in a $5 late fee after 30 days, followed by a $15 collection fee after 60 days, and a $25 penalty after a total of five months, and then an additional $20 court charge after six months totaling a maximum penalty of $65 for each unpaid set of tolls.[6]

Drivers with EXpressToll accounts, E-470's automated toll collection service, and transponders mounted on their vehicle save 20% on posted toll rates along E-470.[7]

Rental car companies at Denver International Airport have been accused of over-charging unwitting visitors for unpaid tolls because of the road's cashless collection system.[8]

History[edit]

Plans for this eastern extension of State Highway 470 gained momentum in the 1980s, as Denver moved forward with plans for a new international airport in its corridor. Recognizing the highway's development potential, a number of local governments joined together to create the E-470 Public Highway Authority, a quasi-governmental entity that would construct the highway. In 1987, the Public Highway Authority Law was passed by the Colorado State Legislature, giving the E-470 Public Highway Authority the power to do everything needed to plan, design, finance, construct, and operate the toll highway.[9][10] The highway would be financed through tolls, a relative rarity in the western U.S.

The first section, between I-25 in the south and Parker Road in Douglas County, opened to traffic June 1, 1991. Tolling began on July 15, making E-470 the first highway in the United States to implement open road electronic tolling.[11] The highway was opened segment by segment until the final stretch connecting to I-25 in the north in Adams County opened on January 3, 2003.[12]

E-470 at I-76

In its early years, traffic was light as the completed portion was short and traversed a largely undeveloped area. With the opening of Denver International Airport in 1995, E-470 came in as a direct route to the airport from the rapidly growing southern tier of the metropolitan area. Upon its completion, the highway provided the same access for northern Colorado, itself a high-growth area. However, perhaps the most significant growth in the region will occur in the E-470 corridor itself, which spawned numerous annexations by member cities; Commerce City, Colorado has doubled in land area in anticipation of this new development. In the coming decades, 250,000 new residents are expected along the E-470 corridor in Aurora alone, which would nearly double that city's population.

Up until 2006, E-470 had four signalized intersections with I-70 and its outer roads, which often got congested at peak hours. By 2004 this interchange proved too inadequate for the traffic it was receiving. The Fly-By was completed in 2006 and allows customers to bypass the signals if continuing on E-470. Traffic going to or from I-70 still uses the old road and intersections, although E-470 is currently in the process of designing a direct connection with I-70. In 2007, Ramp H was completed, providing a direct connection from Northbound E-470 to Westbound I-70. The I-70/E-470 Fly-By Interchange Complex in Aurora was recognized by the Design Build Institute of America (DBIA) with a National Design Build Award in 2008.

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Exit Destinations Notes
Douglas Lone Tree 0.000 0.000 1A I‑25 – Denver, Colorado Springs
SH 470
South end of E-470; roadway continues as west SH 470
  1B Jamaica Street to County Line Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  1.711 2.754 2 Peoria Street – Centennial Airport
  2.700 4.345 Toll Plaza A (Cars $2.45/$3.05 with/without ExpressToll)
Stonegate 3.502 5.636 3 Chambers Road
Stonegate
Parker
4.380 7.049 4 Jordan Road – Parker
Parker 5.180 8.336 5 SH 83 (Parker Road) – Parker, Centennial, Aurora
Arapahoe Aurora 8.887 14.302 9 Gartrell Road
10.683 17.193 10 Smoky Hill Road
13.352 21.488 13 Quincy Avenue – Aurora
16.150 25.991 Toll Plaza B (Cars $2.70/$3.40 with/without ExpressToll)
16.451 26.475 16 Jewell Avenue to Iliff Avenue
19.000 30.578 19 6th Parkway
Arapahoe
Adams
20.375 32.790 20 I‑70 / Colfax Avenue, 19th Avenue, Gun Club Road – Limon, Aurora, Denver Northbound exits signed as 20A (east) and 20B (west), southbound exit 20, no toll either direction
Adams 22.610 36.387 Toll Plaza C (Cars $2.70/$3.40 with/without ExpressToll)
24.477 39.392 24 56th Avenue – Front Range Airport
25.523 41.075 25 64th Avenue
City and County of Denver 27.849 44.819 28 Peña Boulevard – Denver International Airport Signed as exits 28A (east) and 28B (west)
Adams Commerce City Toll Plaza D (Cars $2.70/$3.40 with/without ExpressToll)
30.562 49.185 31 96th Avenue
32.678 52.590 32 104th Avenue
34.130 54.927 34 To I‑76 west / 120th Avenue
Commerce City
Brighton
35.491 57.117 35 I‑76 east – Fort Morgan Northbound exit to Eastbound I-76 and southbound entrance from Westbound I-76
Brighton 38.465 61.903 38 US 85 to I‑76 west – Brighton, Greeley, Commerce City, Denver
Todd Creek 40.220 64.728 Toll Plaza E (Cars $2.70/$3.40 with/without ExpressToll)
Thornton 41.710 67.126 41 Quebec St. Under construction; set to open in mid-2015
43.817 70.517 43 Colorado Boulevard – Thornton
44.843 72.168 45 York Street
46.398–
46.950
74.670–
75.559
47 I‑25 – Fort Collins, Denver
Northwest Parkway
North end of E-470; roadway continues west as Northwest Parkway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Staff. "Highway Data". Colorado Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 2007.  Note that not every interval between mileposts is exactly a mile, explaining why more exits than expected are at the exact milepost.
  2. ^ a b Staff (2011). "Calculating Tolls". E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Al (January 1, 2006). "Toll roads: Future fodder for the Junk Bond Market: Roads take their toll on wallets". The Denver Post. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  4. ^ Staff (2011). "How E-470 Works". E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Staff (2005). "C.R.S 43-4-506.5 (6)(a)". Colorado Revised Statutes. Colorado General Assembly. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Staff (2011). "Tolls". E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Staff (2011). "EXpress Toll". E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Cashless E-470 takes toll on rental-car drivers in the form of fines". The Denver Post. November 29, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ Staff (2011). "History". E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  10. ^ Colorado Revised Statutes §§ 43-4-501 et seq.
  11. ^ "Wikipedia declares DNT and E470 both 'first' in electronic tolling". TollRoadsNews. August 19, 2012. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ "E-470 Historical Fact File" (PDF). E-470 Website. E-470 Public Highway Authority. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing