E-plane and H-plane

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This article is about electromagnetism. For the light aircraft, see e-plane SSDR.

The E-plane and H-plane are reference planes for linearly polarized waveguides, antennas and other microwave devices.

E-Plane[edit]

For a linearly-polarized antenna, this is the plane containing the electric field vector and the direction of maximum radiation. The electric field or "E" plane determines the polarization or orientation of the radio wave. For a vertically polarized antenna, the E-plane usually coincides with the vertical/elevation plane. For a horizontally polarized antenna, the E-Plane usually coincides with the horizontal/azimuth plane. E- plane and H-plane should be 90 degrees apart.

H-plane[edit]

In the case of the same linearly polarized antenna, this is the plane containing the magnetic field vector and the direction of maximum radiation. The magnetizing field or "H" plane lies at a right angle to the "E" plane. For a vertically polarized antenna, the H-plane usually coincides with the horizontal/azimuth plane. For a horizontally polarized antenna, the H-plane usually coincides with the vertical/elevation plane.

Diagram showing the relationship between the E and H planes for a horizontally polarized directional yagi antenna
Diagram showing the relationship between the E and H planes for a vertically polarized omnidirectional dipole antenna

See also[edit]