E-readiness

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E-Readiness is the ability to use information and communication technologies (ICT) to develop one's economy and to foster one's welfare.

There are several benchmarking indices at the macro (also called global, universal, etc.) level, e.g., those calculated by the UNPAN, World Bank, Economist Intelligence Unit etc.

Because what appear on the macro level can hide wide heterogeneity among organizations (educational institutions, government departments, etc.) local areas (cities, towns, etc.) individuals (female, individuals with disabilities, etc.) in digital access, a micro level more detailed benchmarking is suggested to compute sub-measures for networking, applications, web-accessibility and readiness (NAWAR).

E-Readiness indices at the macro level are constructed primarily for ranking countries, facilitating comparisons between countries and over time. They can also be used to track the global digital divide, i.e. the gap between countries that have access to ICT and those that do not (mainly because of differences in income, education, etc.).

NAWAR is constructed primarily to measure how ICT is actually put to work for development. For example, NAWAR is concerned with the gap between humans with respect to natural / assistive access to ICT in e-business environments, i.e., whether organizations have assistive systems (e.g. Braille keyboards and printers, one-handed keyboards, annotated websites for screen reading software, etc.) and whether organizational cultures adopt green computing. More importantly, because NAWAR is concerned with how ICT is actually put to work for development, attention is given to change in the level of activity, i.e. the move from e-readiness to impact in e-business environments.

Economist Intelligence Unit e-readiness rankings[edit]

World map showing the e-readiness scores
  8.000 - 8.999
  7.000 - 7.999
  6.000 - 6.999
  5.000 - 5.999
  4.000 - 4.999
  3.000 - 3.999
  No Data

Each year, in cooperation with the IBM Institute for Business Value, the Economist Intelligence Unit produces a ranking of e-readiness across countries, based on six pillars of e-readiness: connectivity & technology infrastructure, business environment, social & cultural environment, legal environment, government policy & vision and consumer & business adoption.[1][2]

In the 2012 e-readiness rankings, global e-readiness fell partly due to fall in the global economy in the later part of 2008. In addition, the report started to cover ICT usage, which better reflected how countries are using ICT effectively.[3]

Rank
2009
2008 2007 2006 Country e-readiness score
(out of 10)
2009
2008 2007 2006
1 5 1 1  Denmark 8.87 8.83 8.88 9.00
2 3 2 4  Sweden 8.67 8.85 8.85 8.74
3 7 8 6  Netherlands 8.64 8.74 8.50 8.60
4 11 12 11  Norway 8.62 8.60 8.35 8.35
5 1 2 2  United States 8.60 8.95 8.85 8.88
6 4 9 8  Australia 8.45 8.83 8.46 8.50
7 6 6 13  Singapore 8.35 8.74 8.60 8.24
8 2 4 10  Hong Kong 8.33 8.91 8.72 8.36
9 12 13 9  Canada 8.33 8.49 8.30 8.37
10 13 10 7  Finland 8.30 8.42 8.43 8.55
11 16 14 14  New Zealand 8.21 8.28 8.19 8.19
12 9 5 3   Switzerland 8.15 8.67 8.61 8.81
13 8 7 5  United Kingdom 8.14 8.68 8.59 8.64
14 10 11 14  Austria 8.02 8.63 8.39 8.19
15 22 22 19  France 7.89 7.92 7.77 7.86
16 19 17 23  Taiwan 7.86 8.05 8.05 7.51
17 14 19 12  Germany 7.85 8.39 8.00 8.34
18 21 21 16  Ireland 7.84 8.03 7.86 8.09
19 15 16 18  South Korea 7.81 8.34 8.08 7.90
20 20 20 17  Belgium 7.71 8.04 7.90 7.99
21 17 15 20  Bermuda 7.71 8.22 8.15 7.81
22 18 18 21  Japan 7.69 8.08 8.01 7.77
23 23 24 -  Malta 7.46 7.78 7.56 -
24 28 28 27  Estonia 7.28 7.10 6.84 6.71
25 26 26 24  Spain 7.24 7.46 7.29 7.34
26 25 25 25  Italy 7.09 7.55 7.45 7.14
27 24 23 22  Israel 7.09 7.61 7.58 7.59
28 27 27 26  Portugal 6.86 7.38 7.14 7.07
29 29 29 28  Slovenia 6.63 6.93 6.66 6.43
30 32 30 31  Chile 6.49 6.57 6.47 6.19
31 31 31 32  Czech Republic 6.46 6.68 6.32 6.14
32 38 41 38  Lithuania 6.34 6.03 5.78 5.45
33 30 32 29  Greece 6.33 6.72 6.31 6.42
34 35 33 30  United Arab Emirates 6.12 6.09 6.22 6.32
35 33 34 32  Hungary 6.04 6.30 6.16 6.14
36 36 39 36  Slovakia 6.02 6.06 5.84 5.65
37 35 36 36  Brazil 5.99 6.09 5.92 5.65
38 37 37 39  Latvia 5.97 6.03 5.88 5.30
39 34 36 37  Malaysia 5.87 6.16 5.97 5.60
40 41 40 34  Poland 5.80 5.83 5.80 5.76
41 40 38 39  Mexico 5.73 5.88 5.86 5.30
42 39 35 35  South Africa 5.68 5.95 6.10 5.74
43 43 42 45  Turkey 5.34 5.64 5.61 4.77
44 49 46 43  Jamaica 5.33 5.17 5.05 4.67
45 44 44 42  Argentina 5.25 5.56 5.40 5.27
46 50 - -  Trinidad and Tobago 5.14 5.07 - -
47 48 48 44  Bulgaria 5.11 5.19 5.01 4.86
48 45 45 49  Romania 5.07 5.46 5.32 4.44
49 47 49 47  Thailand 5.00 5.22 4.91 4.63
50 53 52 54  Jordan 4.92 5.03 4.77 4.22
51 46 46 46  Saudi Arabia 4.88 5.23 5.05 5.03
52 58 53 51  Colombia 4.84 4.71 4.69 4.25
53 51 51 49  Peru 4.75 5.07 4.83 4.44
54 55 55 56  Philippines 4.58 4.90 4.66 4.41
55 52 50 48  Venezuela 4.40 5.06 4.89 4.47
56 56 56 57  China 4.33 4.85 4.43 4.02
57 57 58 55  Egypt 4.33 4.81 4.26 4.30
58 54 54 53  India 4.17 4.96 4.66 4.04
59 59 57 52  Russia 3.98 4.42 4.27 4.14
60 63 59 58  Ecuador 3.97 4.17 4.12 3.88
61 62 62 60  Nigeria 3.89 4.25 3.92 3.69
62 61 60 61  Ukraine 3.85 4.31 4.02 3.62
63 60 61 59  Sri Lanka 3.85 4.35 3.93 3.75
64 65 65 66  Vietnam 3.80 4.03 3.73 3.12
65 68 67 62  Indonesia 3.51 3.59 3.39 3.39
66 64 63 67  Pakistan 3.50 4.10 3.79 3.03
67 67 66 63  Algeria 3.46 3.61 3.63 3.32
68 70 69 65  Iran 3.43 3.18 3.08 3.15
69 66 64 64  Kazakhstan 3.31 3.89 3.78 3.22
70 69 68 68  Azerbaijan 2.97 3.29 3.26 2.92

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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