E. J. Lennox

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Edward James Lennox
E.J. Lennox 1885.jpg
Born September 12, 1854
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Died April 15, 1933(1933-04-15) (aged 78)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Residence Toronto
Nationality Canadian
Other names E.J. Lennox
Ethnicity Irish Canadian
Occupation Architect
Employer Self-employed
Spouse(s) Emiline (Wilson) Lennox
Children Eola Gertrude, Edgar Edward, Mabel Emeline, Edith May

Edward James Lennox (September 12, 1854 – April 15, 1933) was a Toronto-based architect who designed several of the city's most notable landmarks in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries including Old City Hall and Casa Loma. He designed over 70 buildings in the city of Toronto.

Lennox standing in front of one of his buildings, the Freehold Loan Building, at Adelaide and Victoria Streets

The son of Irish immigrants, he studied at the Mechanics' Institute where he finished first in his class. Upon graduation in 1874 he apprenticed for architect William Irving for five years. He then formed a partnership with fellow architect William Frederick McCaw, before forming his own firm in 1881.

He quickly became one of the most successful architects in Toronto. He rose to the top of the profession when he won the contract for Toronto City Hall in 1886. His caricature can be seen carved in stone on the facade of the Old City Hall—he's the one with the handlebar moustache.

Many of his buildings were designed in the Richardson Romanesque style, and he was one of the most important figures in bringing that style to Toronto. His creative prowess in the Romanesque Revival style was especially important in The Annex neighbourhood, where Lennox designed the Lewis Lukes House at 37 Madison Avenue in the mid-1880s, pioneering the Annex House. This style of house is indigenous to Toronto and blends elements of Romanesque with that of Queen Anne style architecture.

Later in his career he served as commissioner of the Toronto Transit Commission from 1923-1929.

Buildings[edit]

Building Location Dates Notes Image
Hanlan's Hotel Toronto Islands 1875 Queen Anne; demolished Toronto HanlanHotel 1885to1895.jpg
Twenty Plenty outlet 150 Main Street, Unionville, Ontario 1879 Queen Anne; built as Unionville Congregational Church and sold to Presbyterian Church 1894; later used as veterans hall Unionville old church.jpg
Bond Street Congregational Church Dundas Street and Bond Street (northeast corner) 1879 Gothic Revival; Destroyed 1981 and now Bond Place Hotel Bond St Congregation, Toronto.png
Berwick Hall 139 Main Street South, Georgetown c.1880 Victorian; Home of local businessman John R. Barber from 1880 to 1904 and since as an apartment building.
Massey Manufacturing Company Office Building 710 King Street West and 519 King Street West 1883 Richardson Romanesque; 710 demolished with 519 now as 511 King Street West and houses offices and retail tenants
Lewis Lukes House 37 Madison Avenue, The Annex 1886 Richardsonian Romanesque; Converted to office space (Maverick Public Relations Inc)
Milburn Building 47-55 Colborne Street 1886 Richardson Romanesque; lower floor restaurants and upper floor offices Milburn building, 47-55 Colborne Street, Toronto, built in 1886 by E.J. Lennox.jpg
Massey Mausoleum Mount Pleasant Cemetery 1892 Richardson Romanesque
Toronto Athletic Club 149 College Street at University Avenue, Toronto 1894 Richardsonian Romanesque; now Rotman School, University of Toronto Toronto Stewart Building.JPG
Beard Building King Street East and Jarvis Street, Toronto 1894 Richardsonian Romanesque; demolished in the 1930s Lennoxlight.jpg
Georgetown High School Georgetown, Ontario 1899 Demolished 1959 and replace with current building 1960 (now Georgetown District High School)
Freehold Loan Building Adelaide Street East at Victoria Street, Toronto 1890 demolished 1960s; now 20 Adelaide Street East c 1988 E.J. Lennox and the Freehold Loan Building.jpg
Broadway Methodist Tabernacle College Street and Spadina Avenue, Toronto 1899 Richardsonian Romanesque; demolished c. 1930 Broadway Methodist Tabernacle.png
Old City Hall Queen Street West and Bay Street, Toronto 1899 Richardsonian Romanesque; now provincial court house Toronto City Hall. Again..jpg
King Edward Hotel King Street East and Jarvis Street, Toronto 1903 Chicago School; Designed with Henry Ives Cobb for George Gooderham’s Toronto Hotel Company[1] KINGEDDIETORONTO.JPG
Toronto-Bridgman Transformer Station 391 Davenport Road 1904 Toronto Hydro Transformer Station
Bank of Toronto Yonge Street and Queen Street 1905 Neo-Classical 205 Yonge St.jpg
West Wing of the Ontario Legislative Building at Queen's Park Queen's Park Crescent, Toronto 1909 Edwardian Neoclassical architecture to interior and additional floor on West Wing Queen's Park with 1909 west wing renovation
Casa Loma 1 Austin Terrace, Toronto 1911 Gothic Revival Casa Loma.JPG
Toronto Power Generating Station Niagara Falls, Ontario 1906 Neo-Renaissance Toronto Power Generating Station Niagara 2005.jpg
St. Paul's Anglican Church 227 Bloor Street East 1913 Richardsonian Romanesque
Postal Station G South Riverdale, Toronto 1913 Neo-Classical; today the Ralph Thornton Community Centre Ralph Thornton Centre.JPG
Lenwil 5 Austin Terrace 1913 Tudor Revival architecture; Built by Lennox as his own residence and today is the provincial home of the Sisters Servants Of Mary Immaculate
Excelsior Life Insurance Company Building 36 Toronto Street 1914 Beaux-Arts; Currently used as office and commercial space
Wolseley Motor Car Company 77 Avenue Road 1914 Richardsonian Romanesque; demolished 1976 and now part of Hazelton Lanes complex
Toronto Western Hospital 399 Bathurst Street Neo-Renaissance; 1906 (North Wing), 1910 (South Wing), 1911 and 1923 (additions) Demolished 1950s-1992; now parking lot
Residence for James B. Boustead 134 Bloor Street East 1891 Tudor Revival; Built for James Bellingham Boustead, Toronto entrepreneur and Toronto alderman 1865-1897; demolished mid-20th Century and near the site of the Manulife Insurance Building

Legacy[edit]

A small residential street called E.J. Lennox Way is named for him in Unionville, Ontario behind the former Unionville Congregational Church.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lennox, Edward James. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  • Litvak, Marilyn M. Edward James Lennox: Builder of Toronto

External[edit]

² Historic Places in Canada