E. Snapper Ingram
Ebenezer Snapper Ingram (1884–1966) was a Los Angeles City Council member representing the 10th District from 1927 until 1935. He went by E. Snapper Ingram.
Ingram was born on December 8, 1884, to Samuel S. Ingram and Elizabeth E. James in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, and came to Los Angeles in 1910. He had a brother, Russell Uhl Ingram. Ingram began his working career in 1910 in the office of the Los Angeles city engineer. He served in World War I as a member of Battery B, Second Anti-Aircraft Battalion, attached to the First Army Artillery Headquarters.
On reentering civilian life he became active in the local chapter of 40 & 8, La Société des Quarante Hommes et Huit Chevaux, which in 1929 was described as "the fun-making organization of the American Legion." In October of that year at the convention in Louisville, Kentucky, he was elected Chef de Chemin de Fer, the president of the national organization. He was also a Mason and an American Legion member.
Ingram was a member of so many social organizations — 28 altogether — that he had a special pocketbook made to carry all his membership cards, a feature story in the Los Angeles Times reported in 1928.
Ingram took the name Snapper as his own when he became a member of the Shriners. He explained in 1927:
I was interested in athletics and became a member of the Shrine patrol drill team. Being the shortest man in the contingent, I was given the end position and among our maneuvers was a "crack-the whip" movement. Being on the end of the rank, I was on the "snapper" end of the whip and because of the many tumbles I incurred from the "cracking of the whip" I was called "Snapper."
He successfully ran for election to the City Council for a two-year term in 1927 against the incumbent, Otto J. Zahn,. He said his campaign plans were delayed for a week because he wanted to use the name "Snapper" on the ballots, but the City Clerk hesitated to do so. The City Attorney, however, ruled that a candidate could use the name by which he was best known.
Ingram was re-elected in the primary voting in 1929. In the next election, 1931, he bested George Underwood by a vote of 5,807 to 4,891.
At that time the 10th District was bounded by West Pico and Ninth Street on the north, Jefferson Boulevard on the south, Vermont Avenue on the west and Hooper Avenue or Central Avenue on the east.
In 1945, Ingram, "whose desire to be helpful has made him many friends," was a City Council candidate in the Fourth District, coming in fourth in a field of eight candidates and losing to Harold A. Henry.
Recall threatened. In January 1930, Ingram and seven other council members who had voted in favor of granting a rock-crushing permit in the Santa Monica Mountains were unsuccessfully targeted for recall on the grounds that the eight
have conspired with . . . Alphonzo Bell, Samuel Traylor and Chapin A. Day, all multi-millionaires, to grant this group a special spot zoning permit to crush and ship . . . from the high-class residential section of Santa Monica, limestone and rock for cement.
Racial restrictions. Ingram was one of the eight council members who in July 1931 voted against appealing a judge's decision ordering an end to racial restrictions in city-operated swimming pools, thus ending the practice. Six council members wanted to continue the legal fight. The pools had previously been restricted by race to certain days or hours.
Access to the Los Angeles Times links requires the use of a library card.
- Chronological Record of Los Angeles City Officials: 1850–1938, Los Angeles Municipal Reference Library City Hall, March 1938 (reprinted 1966)
- "Rites Set for Ex-Councilman," Los Angeles Times, April 21, 1966, page B-8
- "The Watchman," Los Angeles Times, April 24, 1927, page B-2
- "Forty and Eight Elects E. Snapper Ingram,Los Angeles Times, October 4, 1929, page 5
- "No More Sands to Travel," July 10, 1928, page A-1
- Bing map
- "Parrot-Cryer Rout Revealed," Los Angeles Times, June 9, 1927, page A-2
- "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1931, page A-2
- "To the Citizens of Los Angeles," Los Angeles Times, February 14, 1926, page B-5
- "Aldermanic Office-Holders Average More Than Six to the Fifteen Districts," Los Angeles Times, May 5, 1929, page 6
- "City Council Election Vital," Los Angeles Times, April 1, 1945, page 2
- "City Primary Returns," Los Angeles Times, April 6, 1945, page 6
- "Movement for Recall Lists Eight," Los Angeles Times, February 6, 1930, page A-5
- "Vote Drops City's Pool Racial Case," Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1931, page A-1
Otto J. Zahn
|Los Angeles City Council
G. Vernon Bennett