Triethyl citrate

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Triethyl citrate[1]
Triethyl citrate.png
Identifiers
CAS number 77-93-0 YesY
PubChem 6506
ChemSpider 13850879
EC number 201-070-7
ChEMBL CHEMBL464988
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C12H20O7
Molar mass 276.283 g/mol
Appearance Oily liquid
Density 1.137 g/mL at 25 °C
Melting point −55 °C[2]
Boiling point 127 °C at 1 mmHg
235 °C at 150 mmHg
Solubility in water 65 g/L[2]
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid. It is a colorless, odorless liquid used as a food additive (E number E1505) to stabilize foams, especially as whipping aid for egg white.[3] It is also used in pharmaceutical coatings and plastics.[4]

Triethyl citrate is also used as a plasticizer for polyvinylchloride and similar plastics.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Triethyl citrate at Sigma-Aldrich
  2. ^ a b Record of Triethyl citrate in the GESTIS Substance Database from the IFA
  3. ^ William J. Stadelman, Owen J. Cotterill (1995). Egg Science and Technology. Haworth Press. ISBN 1-56022-855-5. 
  4. ^ Pharmaceutical Coatings Bulletin 102-4, morflex.com
  5. ^ Hwan-Man Park, Manjusri Misra, Lawrence T. Drzal, and Amar K. Mohanty (2004). ""Green" Nanocomposites from Cellulose Acetate Bioplastic and Clay: Effect of Eco-Friendly Triethyl Citrate Plasticizer". Biomacromolecules 5 (6): 2281–2288. doi:10.1021/bm049690f. PMID 15530043.