E2 Series Shinkansen

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E2 series
E2+E3kei0bandai omiya.JPG
E2 series Shinkansen at Ōmiya Station, February 2011
In service 1997–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1995–2010
Scrapped 2013–
Number built 502 vehicles (53 sets)
Number in service 482 vehicles (51 sets) (as of December 2013)
Number scrapped 20 vehicles (2 sets)
Formation 8/10 cars per trainset
Capacity 10-car J sets: 815 (51 Green + 764 Standard)
8-car N sets: 630 (51 Green + 579 Standard)
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Sendai, Nagano
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen, Joetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in)
(end cars),
25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
Width 3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Doors 2 per side
Maximum speed 275 km/h (170 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 260 km/h (160 mph) (Nagano Shinkansen)
Traction system (AC) MT205 (24 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 8-car train, 32 x 300 kW (400 hp) per 10-car train)
Power output 7.2 MW (9,700 hp) (for 8-car train), 9.6 MW (12,900 hp) (for 10-car train)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC
Multiple working 400/E3 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The E2 series (E2系?) is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on the Tohoku and Nagano Shinkansen high-speed lines in Japan since 1997. They are formed in 8- and 10-car sets. The 8-car sets are used on the Nagano Shinkansen, and the 10-car sets on Tohoku Shinkansen services. The 10-car sets can be coupled to E3 series sets using couplers hidden behind retracting nose doors.

They operate at a maximum speed of 275 km/h (170 mph) on the Tohoku Shinkansen and 260 km/h (160 mph) on the Nagano Shinkansen.

A total of 502 vehicles (14 8-car "N" sets and 39 10-car "J" sets) were built between 1997 and 2010,[1] but the first withdrawals commenced in late 2013.[2]

Operations[edit]

Nagano Shinkansen[edit]

Tohoku Shinkansen[edit]

Joetsu Shinkansen[edit]

Past operations[edit]

Joetsu Shinkansen[edit]

Variants[edit]

  • E2 series 8-car "N" sets
  • E2' series 10-car "J" sets
  • E2-1000 series 10-car "J" sets

8-car "N" sets[edit]

8-car set N11 on an Asama service, June 2002

The fleet of thirteen "N" sets was constructed for the new Asama services on the newly constructed Nagano Shinkansen to Nagano from 1 October 1997, and are classified simply "E2 series". Units N2 onwards were delivered from March 1997 to September 1997. These sets are compatible with both the 50 Hz supply used by JR East and the 60 Hz supply used west of Karuizawa on the Nagano Shinkansen, and are limited to a maximum speed of 260 km/h. Tohoku Shinkansen set J1 was transferred to Nagano depot in October 2002 and renumbered as set N21.

The fleet of "N" sets is scheduled to undergo life-extension refurbishment from fiscal 2013.[4]

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Designation T1c M2 M1 M2 M1k M2 M1s T2c
Numbering E223 E226-100 E225 E226-200 E225-400 E226-300 E215 E224
Seating capacity 55 100 85 100 75 100 51 64

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS205 scissors-type pantographs.[1]

Fleet list[edit]

Set number Date delivered[5] Manufacturer Remarks
N1 6 June 1995   Pre-series set S6
N2 25 March 1997 Kawasaki HI  
N3 16 April 1997 Hitachi  
N4 25 April 1997 Kawasaki HI  
N5 14 May 1997 Nippon Sharyo  
N6 29 May 1997 Hitachi  
N7 13 June 1997 Nippon Sharyo  
N8 27 June 1997 Kawasaki HI  
N9 11 July 1997 Hitachi  
N10 25 July 1997 Nippon Sharyo  
N11 8 August 1997 Hitachi  
N12 25 August 1997 Tokyu Car  
N13 5 September 1997 Kawasaki HI  
N21 14 April 1995 - Pre-series set S7, later J1

E2' series 10-car "J" sets[edit]

8-car J set in original livery on an Asama service, February 1998
10-car J set in revised livery, September 2008

The initial fleet of six "J" sets was constructed as 8-car trains for the start of the new Akita shinkansen services starting in March 1997, and ran in conjunction with E3 series Akita Shinkansen units on Tōhoku Shinkansen Yamabiko/Komachi services between Tokyo and Morioka. These sets are classified E2', and are equipped with retractable nose-end couplers at the Morioka end. Units J2 onwards were delivered from December 1996 to March 1997.

As with the Nagano Shinkansen N units, these sets are also compatible with both 50 Hz and 60 Hz (25 kV) power supplies, and were also used on Nagano Shinkansen Asama services before they were lengthened to 10 cars. A further four J sets were delivered in October/November 1998 to augment the fleet to coincide with the introduction E2 series stock on four return Asahi services between Tokyo and Niigata on the Jōetsu Shinkansen from the start of the revised timetable in December 1998. From September 2002, the fleet of J sets (except J1) was augmented from 8 to 10 cars with the addition of newly built intermediate cars for use on Hayate services to Hachinohe commencing in December 2002. The red stripe on these lengthened sets was also changed to magenta, and the original "wind" bodyside logo was changed to the new Hayate logo.

View showing new-build car 7 (E225-100) next to original car 6 (E226-300), July 2008
Pantograph installation on E2 series J set, July 2008

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Designation T1c M2 M1 M2 M1k M2 M1 M2 M1s T2c
Numbering E223 E226-100 E225 E226-200 E225-400 E226-300 E225-100 E226-400 E215 E224-100
Seating capacity 55 100 85 100 75 100 85 100 51 64

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS205 scissors-type pantographs.[1]

Fleet list[edit]

Set number Date delivered[5] Manufacturer Date lengthened to 10 cars Date withdrawn
J1 14 April 1995 - (Pre-series set S7, renumbered N21 from October 2002)
J2 20 December 1996 Hitachi 19 December 2002 2 October 2013[2]
J3 24 January 1997 Hitachi 24 December 2002 30 October 2013[2]
J4 12 February 1997 Kawasaki HI 19 September 2002
J5 3 March 1997 Nippon Sharyo 29 October 2002
J6 17 March 1997 Nippon Sharyo 3 November 2002
J7 5 October 1998 Nippon Sharyo 16 November 2002
J8 20 October 1998 Hitachi 24 September 2002
J9 23 November 1998 Nippon Sharyo 14 September 2002
J10 17 December 1998 Kawasaki HI 14 October 2002
J11 6 September 1999 Nippon Sharyo 21 November 2002
J12 17 September 1999 Tokyu Car 29 September 2002
J13 5 October 1999 Hitachi 4 October 2002
J14 19 October 1999 Kawasaki HI 19 October 2002
J15 5 November 1999 Tokyu Car 24 October 2002

E2-1000 series 10-car "J" sets[edit]

E2-1000 series on Hayate service at Iwate-Numakunai Station, March 2007

The prototype E2-1000 series train (unit J51) was delivered as an 8-car to Sendai depot in late December 2000, and entered revenue-earning service in November 2001 after extensive testing. Units J52 onwards were delivered as 10-car units from July 2002, entering service on the Tohoku Shinkansen from December 2002, with a total of 14 units scheduled to be delivered by 2005. These trains replaced life-expired 200 series trains and augment JR East's fleet for use on new Hayate services following the opening of the Tōhoku Shinkansen extension to Hachinohe in December 2002.

The E2-1000 series incorporates a number of design improvements compared with the earlier batches, the most noticeable of which is the change from small windows for each seating bay to wide windows similar to the E4 series trains. A new single-arm pantograph design is used with an aerofoil-shaped mounting that eliminates the need for pantograph shrouds. The pre-series set, J51, was equipped with automatic couplers at both ends, but sets J52 onwards have couplers at the northern end only, as on the earlier E2' trains. Unlike the earlier J sets, these units are only compatible with the 50 Hz power supply of the Tohoku and Joetsu Shinkansen routes. The flush-fitting plug doors of the earlier N and J sets were replaced by conventional sliding doors on these units. While J51 was delivered in the same livery as earlier E2 series trains, units J52 onward were delivered from new in the Hayate livery with a magenta waistline stripe in place of the previous red and a new "apple" logo in place of the "wind" logo on the original batch of J and N units.

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Designation T1c M2 M1 M2 M1k M2 M1 M2 M1s T2c
Numbering E223-1000 E226-1100 E225-1000 E226-1200 E225-1400 E226-1300 E225-1100 E226-1400 E215-1000 E224-1100
Seating capacity 54 100 85 100 75 100 85 100 51 64

Cars 4 and 6 are equipped with PS207 single-arm pantographs. Car 1 of set No. J51 is numbered E223-1101.[1]

Fleet list[edit]

Set number Date delivered[5] Manufacturer
J51 13 January 2001 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI/Nippon Sharyo/Tokyu Car
J52 17 July 2002 Hitachi
J53 5 August 2002 Kawasaki HI
J54 8 March 2003 Kawasaki HI
J55 7 November 2002 Hitachi
J56 23 November 2002 Hitachi
J57 4 October 2003 Nippon Sharyo
J58 11 September 2003 Tokyu Car
J59 21 October 2003 Tokyu Car
J60 24 December 2003 Kawasaki HI
J61 17 January 2004 Nippon Sharyo
J62 2 February 2004 Kawasaki HI
J63 8 December 2003 Tokyu Car
J64 11 June 2003 Hitachi
J65 10 March 2004 Kawasaki HI
J66 6 April 2005 Nippon Sharyo
J67 7 June 2005 Hitachi
J68 10 July 2005 Hitachi
J69 5 December 2005 Kawasaki HI
J70 19 February 2010 Hitachi
J71 11 March 2010 Nippon Sharyo
J72 12 April 2010 Hitachi
J73 10 May 2010 Kawasaki HI
J74 7 June 2010 Kawasaki HI
J75 27 September 2010 Nippon Sharyo

Pre-series units[edit]

The pre-series E2' series unit S7 (renumbered as J1 and later as N21) was delivered in April 1995, with S6 (now numbered as N1) delivered in June of the same year. Visually, these two units differed from subsequent production standard units in having large pantograph shields resembling the original 300 series design. These were later changed to the current low-profile design.

Interior[edit]

Seating is 2+3 in standard class with a seat pitch of 960 mm (38 in), and 2+2 in green class with a seat pitch of 1,160 mm (46 in).

Test-running[edit]

An E2-1000 series train (J56) broke the Japanese rail speed record for a production train (i.e. not a dedicated test train) in April 2003 when it reached a speed of 362 km/h (225 mph) during a series of late-night high-speed test runs between Urasa and Niigata on the Joetsu Shinkansen.

Exports[edit]

Main article: CRH2

China ordered a number of 250 km/h trains based on the E2-1000 series design, renamed it as CRH2, becoming the second Shinkansen train exported after the 700T for Taiwan. These CRH2 trains consist of a total of 60 sets; the first three sets (2001-2003) were built in Japan, the next six sets were delivered in complete knock down (CKD) form and assembled by CSR Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock, the remaining 51 sets were built by Sifang through technology transfer from Japan. The first train arrived at the port of Qingdao on 8 March 2006.

Subsequent orders included 50 additional trains and a new order for 140 trains placed in 2009 with the Sino-Japanese joint venture.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: JRR. May 2012. pp. 12–13. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9. 
  2. ^ a b c "JR車両のうごき" [JR Rolling Stock Changes]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (359): p.126. March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "上越新幹線でE2系の定期運用再開" [E2 series returns to regular duties on Joetsu Shinkansen]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  4. ^ 2013年度総合車両センター関係業務改善が提案される [Work Improvements Proposed for General Rolling Stock Center in Fiscal 2013] (PDF). Danketsu (in Japanese). Japan: National Railway Workers' Union. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c 新幹線電車データブック2011 [Shinkansen Databook 2011]. Japan: JRR. March 2011. pp. 88–90. ISBN 978-4-330-19811-8. 

External links[edit]