E3 Series Shinkansen

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E3 series
E3inShizukuishi.JPG
E3 series on an Akita Shinkansen Komachi service, March 2008
In service 1997–present
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Family name Mini-shinkansen
Constructed 1995–2009
Scrapped 2013–
Number built 261 vehicles (41 sets)
Number in service 154 vehicles (as of 1 April 2014)
Number scrapped 107 vehicles
Formation 6 or 7 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers R1–R26, L51–L53, L61–L72
Capacity 6-car R sets: 338 (23 Green + 315 Standard)
7-car L50 sets (E3-1000): 402 (23 Green + 379 Standard)
7-car L60 sets (E3-2000): 394 (23 Green + 371 Standard)
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Akita, Yamagata
Line(s) served Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 20,050 to 23,070 mm (65 ft 9 in to 75 ft 8 in)
Width 2,945 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors 1 per side
Maximum speed 275 km/h (171 mph) (Tohoku Shinkansen), 130 km/h (81 mph) (Akita/Yamagata Shinkansen)
Traction system 6-car sets: 16 x 300 kW,
7-car sets: 20 x 300 kW
Power output 6-car sets: 4.8 MW (6,440 hp),
7-car sets: 6 MW (8,050 hp)
Acceleration 1.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 20/25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-2, DS-ATC, ATS-P
Multiple working 200 series, E2 series, E4 series, E5 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

The E3 series (E3系?) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita upgraded to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services south to Tokyo.

Design[edit]

Like the 400 Series Shinkansen, these trains are built to a smaller loading gauge than mainline Shinkansen trains—the width and length of each car is reduced to fit on the narrower clearances of the "mini-shinkansen". Doorway steps fold out to bridge the gap between the narrow body and the platform at regular shinkansen stations.

Variants[edit]

  • E3 series "R" sets: 26 x 6-car sets used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services since 3 June 1997
  • E3-1000 series "LR" sets: 3 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 4 December 1999
  • E3-2000 series "LR" sets: 12 x 7-car sets used on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services since 20 December 2008
  • E3-700 series Toreiyu: 6-car excursion trainset used on Yamagata Shinkansen from July 2014

Pre-production set[edit]

A pre-production 5-car set, numbered S8, was delivered from Kawasaki Heavy Industries to Sendai Depot in March 1995 for extensive testing. It was modified to full-production specifications in March 1997 ahead of the start of Akita Shinkansen services.[1]

Until it was augmented to six cars in 1998, the pre-production was formed as follows, with scissors-type pantographs on cars 12, 13, and 14.[1] Set R1 was withdrawn following its final revenue run on 20 July 2013.[2]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15
Designation M1sc M2 T M1 M2c
Numbering E311-1 E326-1 E329-1 E325-1 E322-1

E3 series "R" sets[edit]

Set R18 coupled to an E5 series set, June 2013

The full-production trainsets built from 1996 for the Akita Shinkansen were 5-car sets, but sixth cars were added by the end of 1998. A total of 26 Akita Shinkansen sets were in service by the end of 2005. Sets R1 to R16 are leased by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) from the owning company, Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū (秋田新幹線車両保有(株)?), a third-sector company jointly owned by JR East and Akita Prefecture.[3] This lease is scheduled to be terminated on 21 March 2010 with the dissolution of Akita Shinkansen Sharyō Hoyū.[4]

The E3 series sets are scheduled to be phased out following the introduction of new E6 series sets from March 2013, with 19 sets (114 vehicles) scheduled to be withdrawn during fiscal 2013.[5]

From the start of the 15 March 2014 timetable revision, E3 series trainsets were no longer used on Akita Shinkansen Komachi services.[6] Two sets remained in service, used on Yamabiko and Nasuno services.[6]

Formation[edit]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation M1sc M2 T1 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E311 E326 E329 E328 E325 E322
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 56

Cars 12 and 15 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history[edit]

Set R20 being hauled through Omiya Station on delivery in March 2003

The build details are as shown below.[7] As of 1 April 2014, seven of the original 26 sets are in operation.[8]

Set No. Date delivered Car 14 build date Date withdrawn Remarks
R1 28 March 1995 29 October 1998 26 August 2013 Pre-production set S8 (originally 5 cars with 3 pantographs)
R2 9 October 1996 1 November 1998 13 December 2013[8] Built as 5-car sets
R3 14 October 1996 4 November 1998 17 February 2014[8]
R4 22 October 1996 6 November 1998 9 January 2014[8]
R5 28 October 1996 9 November 1998 26 April 2013
R6 6 November 1996 12 November 1998 12 April 2013
R7 11 November 1996 22 November 1998 17 May 2013
R8 15 November 1996 24 November 1998 24 May 2013
R9 22 November 1996 26 November 1998 7 June 2013
R10 2 December 1996 28 November 1998 27 August 2013
R11 12 December 1996 30 October 1998 13 September 2013
R12 21 December 1996 17 November 1998 27 November 2013[8]
R13 20 January 1997 5 December 1998 19 October 2013[8]
R14 30 January 1997 14 November 1998 1 December 2013[8]
R15 7 February 1997 16 November 1998 28 January 2014[8]
R16 17 February 1997 19 November 1998 8 March 2014[8]
R17 30 September 1998 n/a 26 July 2013 6-car sets from new
R18 23 October 2002
R19 18 November 2002
R20 24 March 2003
R21 16 September 2003
R22 27 October 2003
R23 1 December 2003
R24 4 April 2005
R25 11 July 2005
R26 25 July 2005

Interior[edit]

E3-1000 series[edit]

E3-1000 series set L51 on a Tsubasa service, April 2011
E3-1000 series set L52 on a Tsubasa service, July 2006

Three 7-car E3-1000 sets (numbered L51 - L53) were delivered from 1999 for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services from 4 December 1999 to augment the 400 series fleet following with the extension of the line to Shinjo.[9]

Formation[edit]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Designation M1sc M2 T1 M2 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E311-1000 E326-1000 E329-1000 E326-1100 E328-1000 E325-1000 E322-1000
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 64 56

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history[edit]

E3-1000 series set L53 on delivery from Tokyu Car, July 2005

The build details are as shown below.[8]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered Date reliveried
L51 Tokyu Car 11 August 1999
L52 Kawasaki HI 11 September 1999
L53 Tokyu Car 17 August 2005

Interior[edit]


E3-2000 series[edit]

E3-2000 series on a Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa service, May 2009

The first of a fleet of twelve new E3-2000 series 7-car sets entered service on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services on 20 December 2008.[10] The new fleet totally replaced the older 400 series trains by summer 2009. The new trains incorporate design improvements, including active suspension, full-colour LED destination indicators, and AC power outlets in all cars.[11] Seating capacity in cars 16 and 17 has been reduced by 4 (one row of seats) compared with the E3-1000 series to provide uniform seating pitch in all cars (seat pitch was previously reduced in non-reserved cars).

Formation[edit]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Designation M1sc M2 T1 M2 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E311-2000 E326-2000 E329-2000 E326-2100 E328-2000 E325-2000 E322-2000
Seating capacity 23 67 60 68 64 60 52

Cars 12 and 14 are equipped with PS206 single-arm pantographs.[3]

Fleet history[edit]

Set No. Manufacturer Date delivered[12] Date reliveried
L61 Kawasaki HI 9 October 2008
L62 Kawasaki HI 9 December 2008
L63 Kawasaki HI 7 January 2009
L64 Kawasaki HI 17 February 2009
L65 Kawasaki HI 3 March 2009
L66 Kawasaki HI 25 March 2009
L67 Tokyu Car 28 March 2009
L68 Kawasaki HI 14 April 2009
L69 Kawasaki HI 19 May 2009
L70 Kawasaki HI 30 June 2009
L71 Kawasaki HI 22 July 2009
L72 Kawasaki HI 25 March 2010

Interior[edit]

Reliverying[edit]

The first reliveried set, L64, May 2014

From spring 2014, the entire fleet of 15 E3-1000 and E3-2000 series Tsubasa sets is scheduled to be reliveried in a new colour scheme designed by industrial designer Ken Okuyama.[13] The new colour scheme uses white, evoking the snow of Mount Zao, deep purple inspired by the Mandarin duck, the prefectural bird for Yamagata Prefecture, together with yellow and red for the safflower, the prefectural flower of Yamagata Prefecture.[14] The first reliveried set is scheduled to appear in late April.[14] Three sets are scheduled to be repainted by June 2014, with the entire fleet of 15 sets repainted by mid 2016.[13]

E3-700 series Toreiyu excursion set[edit]

This is a 6-car set rebuilt from former Akita Shinkansen trainset R18[15] as an excursion train named Toreiyu (とれいゆ?) for use on the Yamagata Shinkansen between Fukushima and Shinjo, entering service from July 2014.[16] The design work for the rebuilt train was overseen by industrial designer Ken Okuyama.[17] The six-car set has a total seating capacity of 143 passengers.[16] Car 11 is a standard-class car with reserved seating arranged 2+2 abreast, cars 12 to 14 feature Japanese-style ozashiki seating, car 15 is a lounge car with a bar counter, and car 16 has ashiyu foot baths.[16] The name of the train is a portmanteau of the English word "train" and the French word "soleil" (sun).[16] The train will normally be used on special services running at weekends.[16]

Formation[edit]

The Toreiyu set is based at Yamagata Depot and formed as shown below, with car 11 at the Fukushima end.[15]

Car No. 11 12 13 14 15 16
Designation M1c M2 T1 T2 M1 M2c
Numbering E321-701 E326-701 E329-701 E328-701 E325-701 E322-701

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 新幹線電車データブック2011 [Shinkansen Databook 2011]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. March 2011. ISBN 978-4-330-19811-8. 
  2. ^ "JR東日本E3系R1編成引退" [JR East E3 series set R1 retired]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Japan: Denkisha Kenkyūkai) 63 (880): p.92. October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d JR電車編成表 2009夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8. 
  4. ^ "県に出資金115億円返還へ 秋田新幹線車両保有会社". Akita Sakigake Shimpo (in Japanese) (Japan). 22 January 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "2013年度総合車両センター関係業務改善が提案される" [Work Improvements Proposed for General Rolling Stock Center in Fiscal 2013] (PDF). Danketsu (in Japanese). Japan: National Railway Workers' Union. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "3月15日ダイヤ改正と各地の話題 " [15 March timetable revision and topics from around the regions]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (361): p.13. May 2014. 
  7. ^ JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2013. p. 20. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j JR電車編成表 2014夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2014]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 30 May 2014. p. 20-24. ISBN 978-4-330-46614-9. 
  9. ^ JR電車編成表 2013冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. November 2012. p. 24. ISBN 978-4-330-33112-6. 
  10. ^ "山形新幹線に新型車両" (New Trains for Yamagata Shinkansen). (20 December 2008). Retrieved on 20 December 2008. (Japanese)
  11. ^ "山形新幹線「つばさ」用車両の新造について" (PDF) (Press release) (in Japanese). JR East. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  12. ^ "つばさの世代交代" [Tsubasa replacement]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 49 (584): p.42–43. December 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "山形新幹線 「つばさ」塗装リニューアル" [Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa trains to be repainted]. Kahoku Online Network (in Japanese). Japan: Kahoku Shimpo Publishing. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "山形新幹線E3系のエクステリアデザインを変更" [Exterior design change for Yamagata Shinkansen E3 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Shiraishi, Hiroyuki (August 2014). "平成26年3月15日ダイヤ改正にともなうJR東日本車両の動き" [JR East fleet changes following 15 March 2014 timetable revision]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 54 (640): p.73. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "山形エリアにE3系改造車「とれいゆ」を導入" [Rebuilt E3 series Toreiyu to be introduced in Yamagata area]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  17. ^ "山形新幹線に新たな魅力が誕生します!" [A new allure born on the Yamagata Shinkansen] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 

External links[edit]