E70 in Serbia
|Length:||205 km (127 mi)|
|From:||Batrovci, Croatian border|
|To:||Vatin, Romanian border|
|Regions:||Srem, Belgrade, Banat|
|Major cities:||Sremska Mitrovica, Ruma, Belgrade, Pančevo, Vršac|
The European route E70 in Serbia spans approximately 205 kilometers (127 mi). It crosses the country from east to west, starting at Batrovci border crossing with Croatia and ending with Vatin border crossing with Romania. It consists of two distinct sections, loosely connected in the city of Belgrade: the western section from Batrovci to Belgrade is a modern dual carriageway, merging with E75 in Serbia in New Belgrade. The eastern section is a single carriageway, leading from Pančevo bridge across the Danube, through the cities of Pančevo and Vršac to the Romanian border.
The Batrovci–Belgrade section is part of the old Belgrade-Zagreb highway, known as Highway "Brotherhood and Unity" in the socialist era. It is a continuation to Croatian A3 highway, whose last section, from Slavonski Brod to Lipovac was completed to four lanes in 2006. From the Lipovac–Batrovci border crossing near Šid, it continues eastwards, along the towns of Sremska Mitrovica, Ruma and Stara Pazova. Belgrade's Nikola Tesla Airport lies on the southern side of the highway. Few kilometers on the east, the major Dobanovci interchange is located. Currently, it only branches southwards, across the Ostružnica bridge towards the Ibarska highway, but after completion of the Belgrade beltway it will link E70 with the northern and southern branches of E75 (Subotica–Belgrade–Niš), allowing transit traffic to bypass Belgrade. The highway enters the New Belgrade and Zemun outskirts, and merges with E75 into the "Belgrade highway" running through the city. It crosses the Sava river at the Gazela bridge.
The Belgrade-Zagreb highway was built after the World War II, by the young volunteers, and opened on 28 July 1950, first as a single carriageway. The second carriageway from Šid to Belgrade was completed in 1987.
E70 splits from E75 in Belgrade proper, at Autokomanda or Dušanovac interchange, continuing in northeast direction through Belgrade streets. At the Pančevo bridge it crosses the Danube. Magistral road M24-1 to Zrenjanin separates northwards immediately after the bridge, and E75 continues to Pančevo as a 4-lane dual carriageway. Through the city center, or through the bypass leading through the industrial zone, the road continues towards Banatsko Novo Selo and Banatski Karlovac to Vršac. It crosses to Romania at the Vatin border crossing, continuing further north towards Timişoara.
This part of the road is toll-free single carriageway. Its future upgrading to a full-profile highway is uncertain, as the Serbia's infrastructure priorities lie along the Pan-European corridor X, and completion of the Belgrade–Požega highway (part of future Belgrade–Bar motorway).
See also