Clinical trial management system
||This article possibly contains original research. (January 2013)|
A clinical trial management system (CTMS) is a software system used by biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries to manage clinical trials in clinical research. The system maintains and manages planning, performing and reporting functions, along with participant contact information, tracking deadlines and milestones.
eClinical is a term used within the biopharmaceutical industry to refer to trial automation technology. Originally, "eClinical" was used to refer to any involved technology. Without a more specific definition, the industry used "eClinical" to name technologies such as electronic data capture, clinical trial management systems or Randomization and Trial Supply Management systems, commonly using Interactive voice response systems, electronic patient diaries and other applications.
More recently, the term evolved to encompass the entire "business process" instead of individual technologies. An example of an "eClinical solution" is the combination of EDC and IVR systems where common data are shared in a way that eliminates the need for users to enter the same data or perform the same action in both applications. The shift in the definition of "eClinical" has been a natural part of the industry’s evolution to seek better ways to utilize multiple technologies together within a clinical trial.
While individual solutions have helped to automate or streamline particular application areas, maintaining multiple systems containing overlapping data and functionality brought significant inefficiencies. The industry found that eliminating data discrepancies between systems has reduced data reconciliation activities and helped ensure that those responsible for a clinical trial always have accurate and up-to-date information. As the number of relevant applications increases with greater adoption of EDC and other technologies, the problems of duplication of data and redundancy in process have increased. As a consequence, the pursuit of an integrated technology suite to streamline workflows and improve usability has become a key characteristic of the industry’s latest "eClinical" approach. Furthermore, It improves productivity by reducing the need for internal staff to input data 
Functions and configurations
In the early phases of clinical trials, when the number of patients and tests are small, in-house or home-grown program are typically used to handle their data. In later phases, data volumes and complexity grow, motivating many organizations to adopt more comprehensive software. Available software includes budgeting, patient management, compliance with government regulations project management, financials, patient management and recruitment, investigator management, regulatory compliance and compatibility with other systems such as electronic data capture and adverse event reporting systems.
In addition to pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, CTMSs are widely used at sites where clinical research is conducted such as research hospitals, physician practices, academic medical centers and cancer centers.
While pharmaceutical companies that sponsor clinical trials may provide a CTMS to the sites that participate in their trials, sites may operate a CTMS to support day-to-day operations in areas such as conducting study feasibility, streamlining the workflow of the trial coordinators and investigators, providing a centralized place to house all trial-related information, and improve clinical data management by equipping staff, including biostatisticians and database administrators.
- ClinPage: 5 Definitions of "Eclinical"
- Case, Rob. "In Search of the Holy Grail - Pharmaceutical Executive". Pharmexec.com. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- Beth Harper. "Meshing EDC with CTMS". Bio-IT World. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- John McIlwain (2007-10-01). "A to Z Trial Integration - Applied Clinical Trials". Appliedclinicaltrialsonline.com. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
- "Clinical Trial Management Software". Sparta Systems. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Choi, Byungsuk; Stan Drozdetski, BS, Margrethe Hackett, BA, Can Lu, BS, Cari Rottenberg, BS, Linda Yu, BA, Dale Hunscher, BA, and Daniel Clauw, MD (2005). "Usability comparison of three clinical trial management systems". AMIA Annu Symp Proc.: 921. PMC 1560441. PMID 16779208.
- Leroux, H; McBride S; Gibson S (2011). "On selecting a clinical trial management system for large scale, multi-centre, multi-modal clinical research study". Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 168: 89–95. PMID 21893916. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Shankar, Ravi D.; Susana B. Martins, Martin J. O’Connor, David B. Parrish, Amar K. Das (2006). "Towards Semantic Interoperability in a Clinical Trials Management System". Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4273: 901–912. doi:10.1007/11926078_65. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
Open Source Projects
- Open Source CTMS (Clinical Trial Management System) github.com/trialmanager/voxce