EDF Energy

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EDF Energy plc
Type Subsidiary
Industry Energy
Founded 2002
Headquarters London, England, UK
Key people Vincent de Rivaz (CEO)
Products Gas
Electricity
Revenue Increase£4,030 million GBP
Employees 13,158
Parent Électricité de France
Website www.edfenergy.com

EDF Energy is an integrated energy company in the United Kingdom, with operations spanning electricity generation and the sale of gas and electricity to homes and businesses throughout the United Kingdom. It employs 13,158 people and handles 5.7 million customer accounts.[1][2]

History[edit]

EDF Energy Customers (trading as EDF Energy) is wholly owned by the French state-owned EDF SA[3] (Électricité de France) and was formed in 2002 following the acquisition and mergers of SEEBOARD Plc (formerly the South Eastern Electricity Board), London Electricity Plc (formerly the London Electricity Board or LEB), SWEB Energy Plc (formerly the South Western Electricity Board) and two coal-fired power stations and a combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) power station.

In 2009, EDF Energy took control of the UK nuclear generator, British Energy, buying share capital from the government. This made EDF Energy one of the UK's largest generators,[2] as well as the largest distribution network operator.

The Development Branch of EDF Energy was formed in April 2004, bringing together the separate infrastructure interests of what were LE Group, SEEBOARD and SWEB. The focus for the Branch is development activity through the participation in major new infrastructure projects, largely in the public sector through Public-private partnership (PPP) and Private Finance Initiative (PFI) type schemes. The Development Branch of EDF Energy was later dissolved in October 2006.

The electricity distribution (or downstream) networks formally known as EDF Energy Networks were sold in Nov 2010 to Hong Kong based Cheung Kong Group (CKG), owned by billionaire Li Ka Shing. Later, EDF Energy Networks was renamed to UK Power Networks.

No Dash For Gas action[edit]

In February 2013 EDF Energy sought an estimated £5 million in damages from environmental activists from the No Dash for Gas campaign that occupied the EDF-owned West Burton CCGT power station in October 2012.[4][5] It is unusual in the UK for companies to seek damages from protesters.[6] Environmentalist George Monbiot, writing in the Guardian, said EDF was conducting a strategic lawsuit against public participation, "part of a global strategy by corporations to stifle democracy", and predicted the "disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at censorship" could result in the Streisand effect and be comparable to the McLibel case.[7] The activists received support in the days since the case became public with over six thousand signatures on a supportive petition at Change.org within the first day,[8] and over 64,000 as of 14 March 2013.[9] On 13 March 2013, EDF dropped their lawsuit because the protesters agreed not to enter multiple sites operated by EDF.[10]

Electricity generation[edit]

Fossil fuel[edit]

EDF owns two 2,000 MW coal-fired power stations, Cottam and West Burton, both located near Retford in Nottinghamshire,[11] giving EDF the highest coal-fired generational capacity of any energy company in the UK.[12] It also owns the 790 MW Sutton Bridge CCGT power station,[13] and is constructing a new 1,311 MW CCGT station at West Burton,that opened in 2011.[14]

Wind[edit]

EDF also owns and operates 2 wind farms, at Kirkheaton in Northumberland and the High Hedley Hope wind farm near Tow Law in County Durham, and is developing the Teesside Offshore Wind near Redcar, Teesside.[15]

Nuclear[edit]

Following the acquisition of British Energy in 2009, the EDF Energy portfolio includes eight nuclear power stations. They are seven AGR power stations (Dungeness B; Hinkley Point B; Hunterston B; Hartlepool; Heysham 1; Heysham 2 & Torness) and one PWR power station (Sizewell B) and total nearly 9000MW of installed capacity.

In 2007 EDF announced its intention to construct up to 4 new EPR reactors;[16] two at Hinkley Point C (possibly by 2018 [1]) and two at Sizewell C. EDF plans to build and operate the new plants through its subsidiary NNB Generation Company (NNB GenCo).

In August 2014, the company announced it had shut down 4 of its 15 reactors for a period of eight weeks to investigate cracking in the boiler spine. [17]

Renewable energy[edit]

The Ecologist magazine[18] reported that in 2004 EDF Energy spent virtually nothing on the construction of new renewable energy generation. On their website EDF reports that it is currently investing GBP 2 million in Marine Current Turbines,[19] which use tidal power to generate electricity; however, these turbines are still at the research and prototype phase and EDF expect them to be operational "within the next five years" dependent upon "a successful pilot."[19] EDF also has several ongoing renewable developments in windfarms.[20]

In 2007 EDF had an installed renewable energy generating capacity of 1.8MW, representing 0.08% of their total capacity of approximately 4,865MW.[21]

In June 2008 EDF announced the formation of EDF Energy Renewables, a 50:50 joint venture with EDF Energies Nouvelles, with the stated intention of becoming a 'major force in the UK renewable energies market'.[22]

In July 2009, Ecotricity started legal proceedings[23] against EDF Energy for the alleged misuse of the Green Union Flag logo, used to promote the Team Green Britain campaign.

In 2013, the 62 MW offshore Teesside Wind Farm started operation.[24]

Carbon intensity[edit]

Year Production (TWh) Emission (Gt CO2) kg CO2/MWh
2002 20 15.8 772
2003 23 17.5 776
2004 25 20.5 812
2005 23 18.5 807
2006 25 20.8 818
2007 26 21.1 826
2008 27 21.9 805
2009 72 23.8 330

Sponsorship[edit]

EDF Energy London Eye

EDF Energy has sponsored several ITV shows, including Soapstar Superstar and City Lights. It also sponsored coverage of the 2006 World Cup in Germany (shared with Budweiser).

Since 2005, EDF Energy has been the main sponsor of the EDF Energy Cup – the Rugby Union domestic cup for the 12 English Premiership clubs and the 4 Welsh regions – also known as the Anglo-Welsh Cup. In July 2007 EDF Energy was confirmed as another Level One sponsor for London 2012 with exclusive branding rights and Olympic team sponsorship for the 2008, 2010 and 2012 games as well as being the official energy provider.

In August 2008 EDF Energy formed a partnership with The British Red Cross to help vulnerable people to get support during power failures.[25]

In 2007 EDF Energy sponsored Adam Smith.[citation needed] In June 2009 EDF Energy sponsored Justin Bieber.[citation needed] On 3 November 2011 EDF Energy sponsored Laura Waura.[citation needed]

In January 2011 EDF Energy took over sponsorship from British Airways of the London Eye, on a 3-year deal renaming the London Eye as the EDF Energy London Eye.[26]

Marketing[edit]

On 4 January 2008 EDF Energy began advertising on the television through ITV, Channel 4, Five and various Satellite channels. EDF Energy are using 'It's not easy being green' as their slogan to target a new greener eco-friendly image.[27] In 2009, with Euro RSCG London, EDF Energy created the Team Green Britain campaign, in which Olympic athletes encouraged Britons to be more environmentally aware.[28]

On 2 April 2012 EDF Energy launched an advert including their new mascot Zingy the dancing flame.

Distribution network operators[edit]

EDF Energy is an energy supplier for homes across the country. They do not however manage the network of towers and cables that distributes electricity - these are maintained by distribution network operators (DNOs) which vary from region to region. If, for instance, there is a power outage it is necessary to contact the appropriate DNO rather than the energy supplier.[29]

Area Company
East England UK Power Networks
East Midlands Western Power Distribution
London UK Power Networks
North Wales, Merseyside and Cheshire Scottish Power Energy Networks
West Midlands Western Power Distribution
North East England Northern Power Grid
North West England Electricity North West
North Scotland Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution
South Scotland Scottish Power Energy Networks
South East England UK Power Networks
Southern England Southern Electric Power Distribution
South Wales Western Power Distribution
South West England Western Power Distribution
Yorkshire Northern Power Grid

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 72". EDF Group. 
  2. ^ a b "About British Energy". British Energy. 
  3. ^ "Shareholder Information". EDF Energy. 
  4. ^ Garvin, Daniel (21 February 2013). "How to occupy a power station: exclusive footage of No Dash For Gas as they prepare to shut down the West Burton plant – video". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2013. "Environmental activists No Dash For Gas occupied two 300ft chimneys at the EDF-owned gas-fired power station in West Burton, Nottinghamshire, in November 2012. Exclusive footage shows the group's meticulous preparation for the action. They closed the facility for eight days – the longest occupation of a power plant in the UK. Protesters reject government plans to invest heavily in new gas power stations and instead call for massive investment in renewables" 
  5. ^ "Press release: EDF suing climate activists for £5 million - protesters face losing homes". No Dash for Gas. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Following the week-long shut-down and occupation of EDF’s West Burton gas-fired power station last October by campaign group 'No Dash for Gas', EDF has launched a civil claim for damages against the group and associated activists for costs the company claims to have incurred – a figure it puts at £5 million" 
  6. ^ Ball, James (20 February 2013). "Activists claim police siding with power company EDF in lawsuit". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "The action includes an injunction barring those named from the site, but – in an unusual move in the UK – also has a provision to recover damages, interest, and court costs from the activists. ... John Sauven, the executive director of Greenpeace ... "EDF's lawsuit represents the opening of a new front against peaceful protest"" 
  7. ^ Monbiot, George (25 February 2013). "Will EDF become the Barbra Streisand of climate protest?". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2013. "The energy giant is part of a global strategy by corporations to stifle democracy. ... The Streisand effect, in other words, is blowback: disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at censorship. ... The best-known example is Britain's famous McLibel case, in which McDonald's tried to sue two penniless activists. ... EDF might find itself in similar trouble." 
  8. ^ Fauset, Russ; Fauset, Barbara. "Tell @edfenergy to drop legal action against No Dash for Gas activists". Change.org. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Read, Simon (14 March 2013). "Energy giant EDF drops lawsuit against climate change protesters after backlash". The Independent. Retrieved 14 March 2013. "Campaigners claimed the climb down as a major victory after a backlash in which hundreds of customers deserted the company and 64,000 people signed an online petition." 
  10. ^ Ball, James (13 March 2013). "EDF drops lawsuit against environmental activists after backlash". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  11. ^ EDF Web Site - Coal
  12. ^ - Department of Energy and Climate Change ‘Digest of UK energy statistics’ (DUKES)
  13. ^ EDF Web Site - Gas
  14. ^ West Burton Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Station, EDF Web Site
  15. ^ EDF Web Site - Wind Turbines
  16. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 74". EDF Group. 
  17. ^ "Defect in UK nuclear plant boiler leads EDF Energy to shut four reactors". Business Sun. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Green Electricity… Are you being conned". The Ecologist. 1 June 2005. 
  19. ^ a b "EDF Energy powers Marinehttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=EDF_Energy&action=edit&section=2 Current Turbine's First Commercial Prototype". EDF Website. 3 January 2006. 
  20. ^ "EDF Renewables Generation & Development". Performance Report 2005. 
  21. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 75". EDF Group. 
  22. ^ EDF Energies Nouvelles and EDF Energy to form joint venture in the United Kingdom
  23. ^ Ecotricity threatens legal action against EDF in green Union flag row
  24. ^ Andrew Lee (30 April 2013). "First power from EDF's Teesside". Recharge. Retrieved 30 April 2013. 
  25. ^ New EDF Energy partnership to deliver help on your doorstep
  26. ^ EDF Energy website, accessed 7 August 2012
  27. ^ "Save today, Save tomorrow, EDF Energy". Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  28. ^ Team Green Britain
  29. ^ "The GB electricity distribution network". Retrieved 04 August 2014. 

External links[edit]