EICAR, the European Institute for Computer Antivirus Research, was founded in 1991 as an organization aiming to further antivirus research and improving development of antivirus software. Recently, EICAR has furthered its scope to include the research of malicious software (malware) other than computer viruses and extended work on other information security topics like content security, Wireless LAN security, RFID and information security awareness.
EICAR, being a selfstanding term now, now further work in the wider IT Security field keeping a focus on AV and hence generally do not refer to their full name anymore.
EICAR test file
EICAR, in collaboration with CARO (Computer AntiVirus Research Organization), is perhaps most notable for the EICAR test file: a harmless executable string, designed to test the integrity of antivirus software.
- "About EICAR". EICAR official website. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- David Harley, Lysa Myers & Eddy Willems. "Test Files and Product Evaluation: the Case for and against Malware Simulation". AVAR2010 13th Association of anti Virus Asia Researchers International Conference. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
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