European Molecular Biology Laboratory
|European Molecular Biology Laboratory|
|Director General||Iain Mattaj|
|Location||Clayton (in Melbourne)|
The European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) is a molecular biology research institution supported by 21 member states, three prospect and two associate member states. EMBL was created in 1974 and is an intergovernmental organisation funded by public research money from its member states.
Research at EMBL is conducted by approximately 85 independent groups covering the spectrum of molecular biology. The Laboratory operates from five sites: the main laboratory in Heidelberg, and outstations in Hinxton (the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI), in England), Grenoble (France), Hamburg (Germany), and Monterotondo (near Rome).
Research at EMBL
Each of the sites has a specific research field. The EBI is a hub for bioinformatic research and services, developing and maintaining a large number of scientific databases, which are free of charge. At Grenoble and Hamburg, research is focused on structural biology. EMBL's dedicated Mouse Biology Unit is located in Monterotondo. At the headquarters in Heidelberg, there are units in Cell Biology and Biophysics, Developmental Biology, Genome Biology and Structural and Computational Biology as well as service groups complementing the aforementioned research fields.
Many scientific breakthroughs have been made at EMBL, most notably the first systematic genetic analysis of embryonic development in the fruit fly by Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard and Eric Wieschaus, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1995.
EMBL groups and laboratories perform basic research in molecular biology and molecular medicine as well as training for scientists, students and visitors. The organization aids in the development of services, new instruments and methods, and technology in its member states.
|Member country||Year of joining|
|Prospect Member State|
Advanced training is one of EMBL's four core missions. Over the years, the Laboratory has established a number of training activities, of which the EMBL International PhD Programme (EIPP) is the flagship - it has a student body of about 200, and since 1997 has had the right to award its own degree. Other activities include the postdoctoral programme, including the EMBL Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral programme (EIPOD); the European Learning Laboratory for the Life Sciences (ELLS) for teacher training; and the Visitor Programme.
EMBL Advanced Training Centre
In March 2010, the EMBL Advanced Training Centre (ATC) was inaugurated on the main campus in Heidelberg. Shaped in the form of a double helix, it hosts conferences and provides training.
Science and Society
EMBL also runs an active Science and Society Programme which offers activities and events on current questions in life science research for the general public and the scientific community.
- European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO)
- John Kendrew
- Fotis Kafatos
- Leó Szilárd
- Matthias Hentze
Notes and references
- Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard Curriculum Vitae, Nobel prize website
- Eric Wieschaus Curriculum Vitae, Nobel prize website
- "EMBL Member State".
- "Hungary joins EMBL as prospect member state".
- "Witamy! EMBL welcomes Poland as prospect member state".
- "Slovak Republic becomes EMBL Prospect Member State".
- "Argentina joins EMBL as associate member state".
- Training at EMBL, EMBL website
- University of Heidelberg Press Releases
- Science and Society Programme, EMBL website