EMC EA/EB

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EMC EA/EB
EMD EA.jpg
B&O EA 56 at Chicago, Illinois, February 1943
Type and origin
Power type Diesel-electric
Builder Electro-Motive Corporation (EMC)
Build date May 16th, 1937–1938
Total produced 6 A units, 6 B units
Specifications
AAR wheel arr. A1A-A1A
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Prime mover Winton 201-A, 2 off
Engine type (?)
Cylinders (?)
Performance figures
Power output 1,800 hp (1,300 kW)
Career
Operator(s) Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Number(s) 51–56 (A units), 51X–56X (B units)
Disposition number 51 on static display at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum

The EMC EA/EB was an early passenger train-hauling diesel locomotive built in May 16, 1937 – 1938 by Electro-Motive Corporation of La Grange, Illinois for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.[1] They were the first model in a long line of passenger diesels of similar design known as EMD E-units. Each locomotive unit developed 1,800 horsepower (1,300 kW) from two 900 hp (670 kW) Winton 201-A diesel engines, driving the wheels through an electric transmission—the generator driven by each engine provided current for traction motors. The locomotives were of A1A-A1A wheel arrangement—two three-axle trucks of which only the outer two axles were powered. Six two-unit 3,600 hp (2,700 kW) locomotives were produced, each consisting of a lead cab-equipped EA A unit and a cabless booster EB B unit. They were numbered 51 through 56; the A units bore the bare number and the B units the number followed by 'X'.

Trains hauled[edit]

The six locomotives hauled some of the major named trains of the B&O; the Royal Blue, the Capitol Limited, the National Limited, and others. These trains were streamliners in appearance, but they were built largely of refurbished heavyweight passenger cars rebuilt with smooth sides, smooth rooflines, air conditioning, new interiors and modern appointments.

Significance and influence[edit]

The EA/EB—along with the more-or-less simultaneous E1 for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and the E2 for the Union Pacific Railroad, Chicago and North Western Railway and Southern Pacific Railroad—represented an important step in the evolution of the passenger diesel locomotive. While the EA, E1 and E2 were each built for a specific railroad, they were largely identical mechanically and were a step further away from the custom-built, integrated streamliner and towards mass-produced passenger locomotives—a step achieved with the E3, E4, E5, and E6, EMC's next models. These locomotives are definitely related in an evolutionary manner with all EMD's future passenger models.[according to whom?]

Styling[edit]

The EA/EB and E1 featured largely identical and innovative styling showing the influence of the Electro-Motive Corporation's new buyer General Motors. While mechanically they had much in common with previous, experimental EMC locomotives, GM understood the importance of looking new and exciting, not merely being technically innovative. This basic "slant nose" style was continued in the subsequent E3, E4, E5 and E6 models, while a more "bulldog nose" style was tried in the E2 and a style somewhere in between was used for the E7, E8 and E9, as well as the freight diesel cab units. It could fairly be said that the overall styling influenced passenger locomotives around the world.

Its initial design was protected under US Patent D106,918.[2]

Preservation[edit]

The first EA, #51, survives as a static exhibit at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pinkepank 1973.
  2. ^ US patent D106918, Harold L. Hamilton, Richard M. Dilworth, Martin P Blomberg, Leland A. Knickerbocker, and Chris J. Klein, "Design for a Locomotive Body", issued 1937-11-09 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lamb, J. Parker (2007). Evolution of the American Diesel Locomotive. Railroads Past and Present. Bloomington, IN, USA: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253348630. 
  • Marre, Louis A. (1995). Diesel Locomotives: The First 50 Years: A Guide to Diesels Built Before 1972. Railroad Reference Series (Book 10). Waukesha, WI, USA: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0890242585. 
  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter’s Guide. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89024-026-4. 
  • Schafer, Mike (1998). Vintage Diesel Locomotives. Enthusiast Color Series. Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760305072. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2000). The American Diesel Locomotive. Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. pp. 53–56, 63, 65, 67, 68, 70. ISBN 0760306664. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2006). EMD Locomotives. St. Paul, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760323960. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2010). Vintage Diesel Power. Minneapolis, MN, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 9780760337950. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2011). Electro-Motive E-Units and F-Units: The Illustrated History of North America's Favorite Locomotives. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760340073. 
  • Solomon, Brian (2012). North American Locomotives: A Railroad-by-Railroad Photohistory. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760343708. 
  • Wilson, Jeff (2002). E Units: Electro-Motive's Classic Streamliners. Classic Trains / Golden Years of Railroading series. Waukesha, WI, USA: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0890246068.