Type and origin
General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
General Motors Diesel (GMD, Canada)
June 1949 – December 1953
AAR wheel arr. B-B
4 ft ( 8 in 1⁄ 2 1,435 mm)
40 in (1,016 mm)
Minimum curve 23° (250.79 ft or 76.44 m radius)
Wheelbase 43 ft (13.11 m)
2 in (16.82 m) 1⁄ 4
10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
15 ft (4.57 m)
260,000 lb (120,000 kg)
1,200 US gal (4,500 L; 1,000 imp gal)
RPM range 800
Two-stroke V16 diesel
Generator EMD D-12
Traction motors (4) EMD D-27-B
8 in × 10 in (216 mm × 254 mm) 1⁄ 2
1,500 horsepower (1,100 kW)
North America, Saudi Arabia
EMD FP7 was a 1,500 horsepower (1,100 kW), B-B dual-service passenger and freight-hauling diesel locomotive produced between June 1949 and December 1953 by General Motors' Electro-Motive Division and General Motors Diesel. Final assembly was at GM-EMD's La Grange, Illinois plant, excepting locomotives destined for Canada, in which case final assembly was at GMD's plant in London, Ontario. The FP7 was essentially EMD's F7A locomotive extended by four feet to give greater water capacity for the steam generator for heating passenger trains.
E-units were successful passenger engines, their A1A-A1A wheel arrangement made them less useful in mountainous terrain. Several railroads had tried EMD's F3 in passenger service, but there was insufficient water capacity in an A-unit fitted with dynamic brakes. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway's solution was to replace the steam generators in A-units with a water tank, and so only fitted steam generators into the B-units. The Northern Pacific Railway's solution was to fit extra water tanks into the first baggage car, and to pipe the water to the engines. The real breakthrough came when EMD recognized the problem and added the stretched FP7 to its catalog.
A total of 381 cab-equipped lead
A units were built; unlike the freight series, no cabless booster B units were sold. Regular F7B units were sometimes used with FP7 A units, since they, lacking cabs, had more room for water and steam generators. The FP7 and its successor, the FP9, were offshoots of GM-EMD's highly successful F-unit series of cab unit freight diesels.
F3s, F7s, and F9s equipped for passenger service are not FP-series locomotives, which although similar in appearance have distinctive differences, including but not limited to the greater body length. The extra 4 ft (1.2 m) of length was added behind the first body-side porthole, and can be recognised by the greater distance between that porthole and the first small carbody filter grille. The corresponding space beneath the body, behind the front truck, was also opened up; this either remained an empty space or was filled with a distinctive water tank shaped like a barrel mounted transversely. [1 ]
Original buyers [ edit ]
Locomotives built by EMD at La Grange, Illinois [ edit ]
F7B (where bought with FP7) Road numbers FP7
Road numbers F7B
Electro-Motive Division (demonstrator)
to Soo Line (Wisconsin Central) 2500A, 2500B, 2501B
Electro-Motive Division (demonstrator)
to Soo Line 500A, 500B, 501B
Arabian American Oil Company (Saudi Arabia)
Atlanta and West Point Rail Road
Atlantic Coast Line
Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad
1600–1609, 1609 2nd
1609 1st wrecked 6/28/1951 and replaced with new unit with same road number and serial number
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Chicago Great Western Railway
116A,C, 116C 2nd
116C 1st wrecked 6/2/1951 and replaced with new unit with same road number and serial number
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México
Ferrocarril Sonora-Baja California
Florida East Coast Railway
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
90–94 renumbered 60–64 for freight service
Northern Pacific Railway
A units renumbered 4332-4371 and B units 4150-4163 by PRR for
Penn Central; 18 scattered A units 4332-4370 to Conrail
900, 902, 903 to
SEPTA, renumbered 4371-4373
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad
St. Louis-San Francisco Railway
Soo Line (
Wisconsin Central Railway)
Southern Railway ( Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway)
Southern Pacific Company
St. Louis Southwestern Railway (“Cotton Belt”)
Renumbered to 306 then leased to Southern Pacific as SP 6462
Union Pacific Railroad
Renumbered to 1498 - 1499
Western Railway of Alabama
Western Pacific Railroad
Locomotives built by GMD at London, Ontario [ edit ]
(were bought with FP7) Road numbers FP7
Road numbers F7B
Canadian Pacific Railway
4028–4041, 4058–4063, 4066–4075, 4099–4103
Ontario Northland Railway
Preserved examples [ edit ]
Alaska Railroad 1510 and 1512, used by the Verde Canyon Railroad in Clarkdale, Arizona, on its excursion train.
Chicago Great Western Railway 116A, on display, at Hub City Heritage Railroad Museum, Oelwein, Iowa.
Canadian Pacific Railway 4071, renumbered as Western Maryland Railway 243, in working condition and in use at the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad.
Clinchfield Railroad 200, renumbered as Western Maryland Railway 67, in working condition and in use at the Durbin and Greenbrier Valley Railroad.
Canadian Pacific Railway 4069, in working condition and in use at the West Coast Railway Heritage Park, Squamish, BC, Canada.
Milwaukee Road 101A, on static display (was non-operational when acquired but reportedly restored by volunteers to operable condition ) in [2 ] Cresco, IA.
Milwaukee Road 104C, at the Illinois Railway Museum, Union, Illinois.
Milwaukee Road 96C, in Monon livery waiting to be restored at the Indiana Transportation Museum, Noblesville, Indiana.
Reading 900, at the Reading Railroad Museum in Hamburg, Pa.
Reading 902, on display at Steamtown National Historic Site in Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Reading 903, also on display at Steamtown.
Soo Line 500A (né EMD demonstrator #9051), on display at Ladysmith, Wisconsin.
Soo Line 2500A (né EMD demonstrator #7001), restored to working condition, at Lake Superior Railroad Museum, Duluth, Minnesota.
Southern Railway No. 6133, in working condition at the North Carolina Transportation Museum at Spencer, North Carolina.
Southern Railway No. 6143, in working condition and in use at the Stone Mountain Park at Atlanta, Georgia.
Southern Railway, two units in use by the Kentucky Dinner Train operation out of Bardstown, Kentucky.
Western Pacific 805-A, a locomotive used on the famous , is preserved in operable condition at the California Zephyr Western Pacific Railroad Museum at Portola, California.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Bibliography [ edit ]
Dorin, Patrick C. (1972). Chicago and North Western Power. Superior Publishing. pp. 123–127. ISBN 0-87564-715-4.
Lamb, J. Parker (2007). Evolution of the American Diesel Locomotive. Railroads Past and Present. Bloomington, IN, USA: Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253348630.
Marre, Louis A. (1995). Diesel Locomotives: The First 50 Years: A Guide to Diesels Built Before 1972. Railroad Reference Series (Book 10). Waukesha, WI, USA: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0890242585.
Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter’s Guide. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89024-026-4.
Schafer, Mike (1998). Vintage Diesel Locomotives. Enthusiast Color Series. Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760305072.
Solomon, Brian (2000). The American Diesel Locomotive. Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760306664.
Solomon, Brian (2005). EMD F-Unit Locomotives. North Branch, MN, USA: Specialty Press. ISBN 1580071929.
Solomon, Brian (2006). EMD Locomotives. St. Paul, MN: Voyageur Press. ISBN 978-0-7603-2396-0.
Solomon, Brian (2010). Vintage Diesel Power. Minneapolis, MN, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 9780760337950.
Solomon, Brian (2011). Electro-Motive E-Units and F-Units: The Illustrated History of North America's Favorite Locomotives. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760340073.
Solomon, Brian (2012). North American Locomotives: A Railroad-by-Railroad Photohistory. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 9780760343708.
Wilson, Jeff (1999). F Units: The Diesels That Did It. Golden Years of Railroading series. Waukesha, WI, USA: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0890243743.
External links [ edit ]