Greek Basket League

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Main article: Basketball in Greece
Greek Basket League
Current season, competition or edition:
2014–15 Greek Basket League
Greek Basket League Official Logo.jpg
Sport Basketball
Founded 1927
CEO Giorgos Chalvatzakis
Inaugural season 1927–28
No. of teams 14
Country  Greece
Continent European Union FIBA Europe (Europe)
Most recent champion(s) Panathinaikos (34th title)
Most titles Panathinaikos (34 titles)
TV partner(s) OTE Sport
Nova Sports
Level on pyramid 1st Tier (Greece)
Relegation to Greek A2 Basketball League - 2nd Tier
Domestic cup(s) Greek Cup
Official website Esake.gr (English)
Esake.gr (Greek)
Live Match Center (English)
The league's official HEBA logo.
The Greek Basket League's alternate logo.

The Greek Basket League (GBL), often referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, is the 1st tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA (Greek: ΕΣΑΚΕ). The league is also known as the Greek Basket League Scratch (Greek: Σκρατς) for sponsorship reasons.

It is ranked as one of the top 3 level national domestic leagues in European basketball by the European national basketball league rankings. It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, and the top 8 teams then competing in the playoffs. The first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season.

History[edit]

Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1910. By the 1927–28 season, the first official championship began. There have been four different official championship eras. The first era was the Panhellenic Championship (Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα), which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category (Α' Εθνική Κατηγορία) was founded.

In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.) took over the duties of overseeing the competition, and did so until the year 1992. The third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), with a regular season and playoffs, and the second division A2 National Category (Α2 Εθνική Κατηγορία) were formed. The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA) took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1 (ΕΣΑΚΕ Α1). The league was then renamed to Greek Basket League, starting with the 2010-11 season.

The Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, and it was widely regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It currently ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world (excluding the NBA), such as Liga ACB in Spain and VTB United League (counts as the domestic domestic league for Russian clubs). It is considered one of the top 3 European national domestic leagues under the European national basketball league rankings. The league has several great powers which belong to the most traditional European basketball clubs, especially the Euroleague giants Panathinaikos and Olympiacos. Other clubs that have had significant successes throughout the history of Greek basketball are AEK and Aris. Along with PAOK, the aforementioned clubs are the most successful and widely supported in Greece.

Despite the championship having been contested 74 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far. The dominating club has always been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 34 times. Since the foundation of the A National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition, Panathinaikos and Aris.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA). 28 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, which is called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, and the second division championship, which is called the "A2", in which 14 teams compete for the second division crown. The bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance.

Arena standards[edit]

Currently, Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they primarily use. One for domestic Greek League matches, and one for European-wide matches.

Greek clubs that play in the Euroleague or the Eurocup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues. Currently, a 5,000 seat arena minimum for the Euroleague, and a 3,000 seat arena minimum for the Eurocup.

Current clubs[edit]

The clubs for the 2014–15 season:

Club Position
2013–14
Greek League Arena Capacity Euroleague/Eurocup Arena* Capacity
AEK
1st (A2)
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
AENK
5th
Zirineio Indoor Hall, Kifisia
1,500
Apollon Patras
8th
Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras
3,500
Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras
3,500
Aris
7th
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,500[1]
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,500
KAOD
6th
Drama Indoor Hall, Drama
1,700
Kolossos
10th
Venetoklio Indoor Hall, Rhodes
1,700
Koroivos
2nd (A2)
Amaliada Indoor Hall, Koroivos
2,500
Olympiacos
2nd
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Panathinaikos
1st
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Panelefsiniakos
12th
Elefsina Indoor Hall, Eleusis
1,100
Peristeri Indoor Hall, Peristeri
4,000
Panionios
4th
Nea Smyrni Indoor Hall, Nea Smyrni
2,000
Hellinicon Olympic Arena, Elliniko
15,000
PAOK
3rd
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500[2]
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500
Rethymno Aegean
9th
Rethymno Indoor Hall, Rethymno
1,600
Trikala
11th
Trikala Indoor Hall, Trikala
2,500

Championship history[edit]

History[edit]

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63  Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86  A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92  A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10  HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present  Greek Basket League

Champions[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Club Champions Winning years
600px Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png Panathinaikos
34
1945–46, 1946–47, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14
600px Quadrado Branco com uma figura olimpica grega.PNG Olympiacos
10
1948–49, 1959–60, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2011–12
Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris
10
1929–30, 1978–79, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91
600px Giallo con aquila bicefala nera2 svg.png AEK
8
1957–58, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1969–70, 2001–02
Celeste PGS.JPG Panellinios
6
1928–29, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57
Azzurro e Bianco con H.png Iraklis
2
1927–28, 1934–35
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK
2
1958–59, 1991–92
600px Bianco e Rosso diagonale con stella Rossa.png Near East
1
1935–36
600px Bianco e Blu Bordato Doukas.png Athens University
1
1936–37

A1 Finals[edit]

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Record
1986–87
Aris
3–0
Panionios Aris
18–0
1987–88
Aris
3–0
PAOK Aris
18–0
1987–88
Aris
3–0
PAOK Aris
18–0
1988–89
Aris
3–1
PAOK Aris
17–1
1989–90
Aris
20–2
1990–91
Aris
4–2
PAOK Aris
20–2
1991–92
PAOK
4–1
Olympiacos PAOK
20–2
1992–93
Panathinaikos
1–3
Olympiacos PAOK
22–4
1993–94
Olympiacos
3–2
PAOK Olympiacos
22–4
1994–95
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1995–96
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1996–97
Olympiacos
3–1
AEK Olympiacos
21–5
1997–98
Panathinaikos
3–2
PAOK Panathinaikos
21–5
1998–99
Olympiacos
2–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
21–5
1999–00
Panathinaikos
3–0
PAOK Olympiacos
21–5
2000–01
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
22–4
2001–02
AEK
3–2
Olympiacos AEK
23–3
2002–03
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Panathinaikos
21–5
2003–04
Panathinaikos
3–0
Maroussi Panathinaikos
22–4
2004–05
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Panathinaikos
22–4
2005–06
Panathinaikos
3–0
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2006–07
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2007–08
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
23–3
2008–09
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2009–10
Panathinaikos
3–1
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1
2010–11
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
26–0
2011–12
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
23–1
2012–13
Olympiacos
0–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2013–14
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1

By Club[edit]

Club W L Total
Panathinaikos
15
4
18
Olympiacos
6
11
16
Aris
5
0
5
PAOK
1
7
8
AEK
1
3
4
Panionios
0
1
1
Maroussi
0
1
1

Number of seasons in the A and A1 National Categories by club (1963–64 - 2014–15)[edit]

The number of times that clubs participated in the top A National Category, while it existed from the 1963–64 season to the 1985–86 season. As well as the number of times that clubs have participated in the top A1 National Category, since it began with the 1986–87 season. Only two clubs, Panathinaikos and Aris, have played in the top division every year since its formation.

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Panathinaikos
52
Aris
52
PAOK
51
AEK
49
Olympiacos
49
Panionios
44
Iraklis
41
Sporting
31
Panellinios
30
Apollon Patras
30
Maroussi
24
Peristeri
22
Pagrati
17
Larissa
16
HANTH
12
Ionikos Nikaias
12
Kolossos
9
Dimokritos
9
Dafni
8
Irakleio
8
Ilysiakos
8
Club Times
Near East
7
Papagou
7
Olympia
6
Makedonikos
6
Esperos
6
Kavala
5
KAOD
5
Rethymno Aegean
5
VAO
5
Ionikos NF
4
Triton
4
Amyntas
4
Ikaros
4
Panelefsiniakos
3
Egaleo
3
Aetos
3
Trikala 2000
2
Olympias Patras
2
Anatolia
2
HAN Nikaias
2
Club Times
Apollon Kalamarias
2
Niki Volou
2
Philippos
2
Milonas
2
Ambelokipi
2
Peiraikos
2
AENK
2
Trikala Aries
2
Koroivos
1
MENT
1
Pierikos
1

The best regular season records in the history of the A and A1 National Categories (1963–2011)[edit]

[3][4]

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: A National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: A1 National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA A1
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
1985–86 Aris
26-0
0-0
26-0
Champion
1967–68 AEK
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1975–76 Olympiacos
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1986–87 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1987–88 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1979–80 Panathinaikos
16-0
12-2
28-2
Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos
26-0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
1984–85 Aris
25-1
0-0
25-1
Champion
2009–10 Panathinaikos
25-1
8-1
33-2
Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos
25-1
6-3
31-4
Finalist

The best regular season records of the HEBA A1 (1992–2012)[edit]

Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
2010–11 Olympiacos
26–0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
2009–10 Panathinaikos
25-1
8-1
33-2
Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos
25-1
6-3
31-4
Finalist
2011–12 Olympiacos
23–1
8–2
31–3
Champion
2005–06 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-0
32-2
Champion
2010–11 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-1
32-3
Champion
2006–07 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-2
32-4
Champion
1995–96 Olympiacos
24-2
8-3
31-5
Champion
1994–95 Olympiacos
24-2
Champion
1994–95 Panathinaikos
24-2
Finalist

Greek basketball clubs in European-wide competitions[edit]

Euroleague[edit]

  • The years in which clubs from the Greek Basketball League competed in Europe's first tier continental-wide professional club basketball competition, the Euroleague:
Rank Club Appearances Years
1.
Panathinaikos
35
1962, 1963, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001†, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
2.
Olympiacos
26
1961, 1977, 1979, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015
3.
AEK
14
1959, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
4.
Aris
11
1980, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2007, 2008
5.
PAOK
7
1960, 1993, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
6.
Iraklis
2
1996, 2001†
7.
Panionios
2
1997, 2009
8.
Peristeri
2
2001, 2002
9.
Panellinios
1
1958
10.
Maroussi
1
2010
  • Panathinaikos has made 11 Euroleague Final Four appearances (with 12 top 4 place finishes), has played in the Euroleague Final 7 times, and has won the Euroleague championship 6 times. Olympiacos has made 8 Euroleague Final Four appearances, has played in the Euroleague Final 6 times, and has won the Euroleague championship three times. AEK Athens has made 3 Euroleague Final Four appearances and has played in the Euroleague Final once. PAOK has also played in the Euroleague Final Four once.
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
600px Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png Panathinaikos 1995-96, 1999-00, 2001-02, 2006-07, 2008-09, 2010-11 2000-01 1971-72, 1993-94, 1994-95, 2004-05, 2011-12 1981-82*, 1996-97, 2005-06, 2012-13, 2013-14
600px Quadrado Branco com uma figura olimpica grega.PNG Olympiacos 1996-97, 2011-12, 2012-13 1993-94, 1994-95, 2009-10 1998-99, 2008-09 1978-79*, 1992-93, 1995-96, 2000-01, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2010-11, 2013-14
600px Giallo con aquila bicefala nera2 svg.png AEK 1997-98 1965-66, 2000-01 1964-65
Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris 1987-88, 1988-89, 1989-90 1990-91
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK 1992-93

*Top 6 (semifinal group stage)

FIBA Saporta Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 3 places of the now defunct Saporta Cup (1966-67 to 2001-02), which was the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
600px Giallo con aquila bicefala nera2 svg.png AEK 1967-68, 1999-00 1969-70 1971-72, 1988-89
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK 1990-91 1991-92, 1995-96 1989-90 1984-85
Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris 1992-93 1993-94, 1998-99
Giallo e Nero con Giglio.png Maroussi 2000-01
600px Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png Panathinaikos 1968-69, 1997-98 1979-80, 1983-84
Azzurro e Bianco con H.png Iraklis 1994-95, 1996-97 1999-00
600px Quadrado Branco com uma figura olimpica grega.PNG Olympiacos 1975-76
Rosso e Blu (Diagonale).png Panionios 2001-02

FIBA Korać Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 3 places of the now defunct Korać Cup (1971-72 to 2001-02), which was the third-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris 1996-97 1984-85 1997-98
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK 1993-94
Rosso e Blu (Diagonale).png Panionios 1993-94, 1998-99 1989-90, 1992-93, 1994-95
Giallo e Nero con Giglio.png Maroussi 2001-02 1999-00
600px Piccione.png Peristeri 1993-94, 1996-97, 1997-98

Greek Basket League awards[edit]

Nikos Galis, 11 seasons top scorer
Dimitris Diamantidis, 6 times MVP Award

Greek Basket League statistical leaders[edit]

Greek Basket League players[edit]

Sponsors and supporters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]