Greek Basket League

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Main article: Basketball in Greece
Greek Basket League
Current season, competition or edition:
2013–14 Greek Basket League
Greek Basket League Official Logo.jpg
Sport Basketball
Founded 1927
Commissioner Giorgos Chalvatzakis
Inaugural season 1927-28
No. of teams 14
Country  Greece
Continent European Union FIBA Europe (Europe)
Most recent champion(s) Panathinaikos (34th title)
Most titles Panathinaikos (34 titles)
TV partner(s) Nova Sports
Level on pyramid 1st Tier (Greece)
Relegation to Greek A2 Basketball League - 2nd Tier
Domestic cup(s) Greek Cup
Official website Esake.gr (English)
Esake.gr (Greek)
Live Match Center (English)
The league's official HEBA logo.
The Greek Basket League's alternate logo.

The Greek Basket League (GBL), often referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship, is the 1st tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA (Greek: ΕΣΑΚΕ). The league is also known as the Greek Basket League OPAP for sponsorship reasons.

It is ranked as one of the top 3 level national domestic leagues in European basketball by the European national basketball league rankings. It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, and the top 8 teams then competing in the playoffs. The first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927-28 season.

History[edit]

Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1910. By the 1927-28 season, the first official championship began. There have been four different official championship eras. The first era was the Panhellenic Championship (Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα), which lasted from the 1927-28 to 1962-63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963-64 season, when the A National Category (Α' Εθνική Κατηγορία) was founded.

In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.) took over the duties of overseeing the competition, and did so until the year 1992. The third era of the championship existed between the 1986-87 and 1991-92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), with a regular season and playoffs, and the second division A2 National Category (Α2 Εθνική Κατηγορία) were formed. The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992-93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA) took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1 (ΕΣΑΚΕ Α1). The league was then renamed to Greek Basket League, starting with the 2010-11 season.

The Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, and it was widely regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It currently ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world (excluding the NBA), such as Liga ACB in Spain and VTB United League (counts as the domestic domestic league for Russian clubs). It is considered one of the top 3 European national domestic leagues under the European national basketball league rankings. The league has several great powers which belong to the most traditional European basketball clubs, especially the Euroleague giants Panathinaikos and Olympiacos. Other clubs that have had significant successes throughout the history of Greek basketball are AEK Athens and Aris. Along with PAOK, the aforementioned clubs are the most successful and widely supported in Greece.

Despite the championship having been contested 73 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far. The dominating club has always been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 33 times. Since the foundation of the A National Category in the 1963-64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition, Panathinaikos and Aris.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992-93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA). 28 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, which is called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, and the second division championship, which is called the "A2", in which 14 teams compete for the second division crown. The bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance.

Arena standards[edit]

Currently, Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they primarily use. One for domestic Greek League matches, and one for European-wide matches.

Greek clubs that play in the Euroleague or the Eurocup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues. Currently, a 5,000 seat arena minimum for the Euroleague, and a 3,000 seat arena minimum for the Eurocup.

Current clubs[edit]

The clubs for the 2013-14 season:

Club Position
2012-13
Greek League Arena Capacity Euroleague/Eurocup Arena* Capacity
AENK
1st (A2)
Apollon Patras
8th
Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras
3,500
Apollon Patras Indoor Hall, Patras
3,500
Aris
6th
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,500[1]
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,500
Ikaros
7th
Kanithou Indoor Hall, Chalkida
1,600
Ilysiakos
12th
Ilissia Indoor Hall, Zografou
1,700[2]
KAOD
9th
Drama Indoor Hall, Drama
1,700
Kolossos
10th
Venetoklio Indoor Hall, Rhodes
1,700
Olympiacos
2nd
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Panathinaikos
1st
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
OAKA Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Panelefsiniakos
11th
Elefsina Indoor Hall, Eleusis
1,100
Peristeri Indoor Hall, Peristeri
4,000
Panionios
3rd
Nea Smyrni Indoor Hall, Nea Smyrni
2,000
Hellinicon Olympic Arena, Elliniko
15,000
PAOK
5th
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500[3]
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500
Rethymno Aegean
4th
Rethymno Indoor Hall, Rethymno
1,600
Trikala
2nd (A2)
Trikala Indoor Hall, Trikala
2,500

Champions[edit]

Panhellenic Championship (1927-1963)

A National Category (1963-1986)

A1 National Category (1986-1992)

HEBA A1 (1992-2010)

Greek Basket League (2010-present)

Performance by club[edit]

Club Champions Winning years
Panathinaikos
34
1946, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1954, 1961, 1962, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014
Olympiacos
10
1949, 1960, 1976, 1978, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2012
Aris
10
1930, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
AEK Athens
8
1958, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1970, 2002
Panellinios
6
1929, 1939, 1940, 1953, 195, 1957
Iraklis
2
1928, 1935
PAOK
2
1959, 1992
Near East
1
1936
Athens University
1
1937

A1 Finals[edit]

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Record
1992–93
Panathinaikos
1–3
Olympiacos PAOK
22–4
1993–94
Olympiacos
3–2
PAOK Olympiacos
22–4
1994–95
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1995–96
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1996–97
Olympiacos
3–1
AEK Athens Olympiacos
21–5
1997–98
Panathinaikos
3–2
PAOK Panathinaikos
21–5
1998–99
Olympiacos
2–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
21–5
1999–00
Panathinaikos
3–0
PAOK Olympiacos
21–5
2000–01
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
22–4
2001–02
AEK Athens
3–2
Olympiacos AEK Athens
23–3
2002–03
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Athens Panathinaikos
21–5
2003–04
Panathinaikos
3–0
Maroussi Panathinaikos
22–4
2004–05
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Athens Panathinaikos
22–4
2005–06
Panathinaikos
3–0
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2006–07
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2007–08
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
23–3
2008–09
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2009–10
Panathinaikos
3–1
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1
2010–11
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
26–0
2011–12
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
23–1
2012–13
Olympiacos
0–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2013–14
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1

By Club[edit]

Club W L Total
Panathinaikos
15
4
18
Olympiacos
6
11
16
AEK Athens
1
3
4
PAOK
0
3
3
Maroussi
0
1
1

Number of seasons in the A and A1 National Categories by club (1963-64 - 2012-13)[edit]

The number of times that clubs participated in the top A National Category, while it existed from the 1963-64 season to the 1985-86 season. As well as the number of times that clubs have participated in the top A1 National Category, since it began with the 1986-87 season. Only two clubs, Panathinaikos and Aris, have played in the top division every year since its formation.

  • 1963-64 to 1985-86: A National Category
  • 1986-87 to 1991-92: A1 National Category
  • 1992-93 to 2009-10: HEBA A1
  • 2010-11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Panathinaikos
51
Aris
51
PAOK
50
AEK Athens
48
Olympiacos
48
Panionios
43
Iraklis
41
Sporting
31
Panellinios
30
Apollon Patras
29
Maroussi
24
Peristeri
22
Pagrati
17
Larissa
16
XANO (YMCA)
12
Ionikos Nikaias
12
Dimokritos
9
Dafni
8
Irakleio
8
Kolossos
8
Club Times
Ilysiakos
8
Near East
7
Papagou
7
Olympia
6
Makedonikos
6
Esperos
6
Kavala
5
VAO
5
Ionikos NF
4
Triton
4
Amyntas
4
Ikaros
4
KAOD
4
Rethymno Aegean
4
Egaleo
3
Aetos
3
Trikala
2
Olympias Patras
2
Anatolia
2
HAN Nikaias
2
Club Times
Apollon Kalamarias
2
Niki Volou
2
Philippos
2
Milonas
2
Ambelokipi
2
Peiraikos
2
Panelefsiniakos
2
MENT
1
Pierikos
1
AENK
1
Aries Trikala
1

The best regular season records in the history of the A and A1 National Categories (1963–2011)[edit]

[4][5]

  • 1963-64 to 1985-86: A National Category
  • 1986-87 to 1991-92: A1 National Category
  • 1992-93 to 2009-10: HEBA A1
  • 2010-11 to present: Greek Basket League
Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
1985-86 Aris
26-0
0-0
26-0
Champion
1967-68 AEK Athens
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1975-76 Olympiacos
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1986-87 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1987-88 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1979-80 Panathinaikos
16-0
12-2
28-2
Champion
2010-11 Olympiacos
26-0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
1984-85 Aris
25-1
0-0
25-1
Champion
2009-10 Panathinaikos
25-1
8-1
33-2
Champion
2008-09 Olympiacos
25-1
6-3
31-4
Finalist

The best regular season records of the HEBA A1 (1992–2012)[edit]

Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
2010-11 Olympiacos
26–0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
2009-10 Panathinaikos
25-1
8-1
33-2
Champion
2008-09 Olympiacos
25-1
6-3
31-4
Finalist
2011-12 Olympiacos
23–1
8–2
31–3
Champion
2005-06 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-0
32-2
Champion
2010-11 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-1
32-3
Champion
2006-07 Panathinaikos
24-2
8-2
32-4
Champion
1995-96 Olympiacos
24-2
8-3
31-5
Champion
1994-95 Olympiacos
24-2
Champion
1994-95 Panathinaikos
24-2
Finalist

Greek basketball clubs in European-wide competitions[edit]

Greek basketball clubs in the Euroleague[edit]

  • The years in which clubs from the Greek Basketball League competed in Europe's first tier continental-wide professional club basketball competition, the Euroleague:
Rank Club Appearances Years
1.
Panathinaikos
34
1962, 1963, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001†, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
2.
Olympiacos
25
1961, 1977, 1979, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
3.
AEK Athens
14
1959, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
4.
Aris
11
1980, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2007, 2008
5.
PAOK
7
1960, 1993, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
6.
Iraklis
2
1996, 2001†
7.
Panionios
2
1997, 2009
8.
Peristeri
2
2001, 2002
9.
Panellinios
1
1958
10.
Maroussi
1
2010

Greek basketball clubs at the Euroleague Final Four[edit]

Panathinaikos has made 11 Euroleague Final Four appearances (with 12 top 4 place finishes), has played in the Euroleague Final 7 times, and has won the Euroleague championship 6 times. Olympiacos has made 8 Euroleague Final Four appearances, has played in the Euroleague Final 6 times, and has won the Euroleague championship three times. AEK Athens has made 3 Euroleague Final Four appearances and has played in the Euroleague Final once. PAOK has also played in the Euroleague Final Four once.

Team Finish
Champion Finalist 3rd Place 4th Place
Panathinaikos 1996, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2009, 2011 2001† 1994, 1995, 2005 1972, 2012
Olympiacos 1997, 2012, 2013 1994, 1995, 2010 1999 2009
AEK Athens 1998 2001 1966
Aris 1989 1988, 1990
PAOK 1993

Panathinaikos and Iraklis played in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000-01 season.

Greek basketball clubs in the Saporta Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 3 places of the now defunct Saporta Cup (1966-67 to 2001-02), which was the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
Team Finish
Champion Finalist Semifinalist
AEK Athens 1968, 2000 1970
PAOK 1991 1992, 1996 1990
Aris 1993 1994, 1999
Maroussi 2001
Panathinaikos 1969, 1998
Iraklis 1995, 1997

Greek basketball clubs in the Korać Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 3 places of the now defunct Korać Cup (1971-72 to 2001-02), which was the third-tier European-wide continental competition:
Team Finish
Champion Finalist Semifinalist
Aris 1997 1985
PAOK 1994
Panionios 1994, 1999
Maroussi 2002

Greek Basket League awards[edit]

Greek Basket League statistical leaders[edit]

Greek Basket League players[edit]

Sponsors and supporters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]