ESD materials are generally subdivided into categories with related properties: Anti-Static, Conductive, and Dissipative.
|Ohms Per Square||Material||Description|
||Insulators and Base Polymers. Not an ESD material|
||Initial charges are suppressed|
||No or low initial charge. Prevents discharge to or from human contact|
||No initial charge. Provides path for charge to bleed-off|
||Carbon powders and fiber|
Insulative materials prevent or limit the flow of electrons across their surface or through their volume. Insulative materials have a high electrical resistance and are difficult to ground, thus are not ESD materials. Static charges remain in place on these materials for a very long time.
Anti-static materials are generally referred to as any material which inhibits triboelectric charging. This kind of charging is the buildup of an electric charge by the rubbing or contact with another material. One type of anti-static packaging material is commonly referred to as Pink Poly. It is a clear pink (hot pink) polyethylene that is available as a film for bags, bubble pack, or foam.
Dissipative materials allow the charges to flow to ground more slowly in a more controlled manner than with conductive materials.
Conductive materials have a low electrical resistance, thus electrons flow easily across the surface or through these materials. Charges go to ground or to another conductive object that the material contacts.
- The Wiley Encyclopedia of Packaging Technology; 1st Edition; Kit. L. Yam; John Wiley & Sons; 1353 pages; 2009; ISBN 978-0-470-08704-6.
- Plastics Additives Handbook; 6th Edition; Zweifel, Maier, Schiller; Hanser Publications; 1222 pages; 2009; ISBN 978-1569904305.
- Handbook of Conducting Polymers; 3rd Edition; Skotheim and Reynolds; CRC Press; 1680 pages; 2007; ISBN 978-1574446654.
- Conductive Polymers and Plastics: In Industrial Applications; 1st Edition; Larry Rupprecht; Elsevier; 293 pages; 1999; ISBN 978-0815516569.
- Plastics Additives and Modifiers Handbook ; 1st Edition; Jesse Edenbaum; Springer; 1136 pages; 1992; ISBN 978-0442234508.
- Metal-Filled Polymers: Properties and Applications; 1st Edition; S.K. Bhattacharya; CRC Press; 376 pages; 1986; ISBN 978-0824775551.
- ESD Association
- Conductive Materials for ESD Applications: An Overview, Compliance Engineering Magazine
- ESD Materials, San Diego Plastics
- ESD packaging advice, Intel
- Guide to Plastics Machining
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